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To improve my workflow a little I have written a few wrapper scripts to automatically start some commands when I want to work on a project. When I'm done however, and clean all the tmux tabs for this specific session I would like to kill some processes and cleanup some files.

Is there any way to automatically execute a command when exiting the tmux server?

The wanted workflow:

  • execute command to create new tmux server, open some files, start a few apps
  • work in the session
  • detach to work on it later
  • reattach
  • when all tabs in the tmux server are closed and the server is destroyed, execute a cleanup command

[edit]The script I currently use: https://github.com/WoLpH/dotfiles/blob/master/bin/tmx

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by "cleanup command" you mean a server-specific command? For example, you have a session open for project A and another session for project B. So you want to execute cleanup_A when session_A is closed? Or do you mean something different? –  scicalculator May 8 '13 at 7:08
Yes, that's exactly what I mean. But a general cleanup command can work too, I can easily deduce the previously opened project from the remaining files. I just need any kind of post-server-exit trigger so I can unmount some things. –  Wolph May 8 '13 at 9:44
I've written a command-line utility for scripting tmux session setup/teardown: github.com/tarruda/tmuxer. It even includes a replacement to 'choose-session' that will let you choose 'closed' sessions –  Thiado de Arruda Nov 6 '13 at 23:52
@ThiadodeArruda: that looks cool, I'll test it soon. Currently I am using this script: github.com/WoLpH/dotfiles/blob/master/bin/tmx –  Wolph Nov 7 '13 at 2:15
@Wolph: I also had my solution integrated into a dotfiles-zsh script, recently I extracted into a reusable set of posix-compatible shell scripts for better portability and easier reuse by others –  Thiado de Arruda Nov 7 '13 at 9:44
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1 Answer

up vote 2 down vote accepted

For now, there is no specific way to have tmux automatically run commands triggered by detach or closing all windows in the session. However, since you already have a wrapper script (I will call this tmux_wrapper) that opens your desired custom-session, you can easily convert this script to automate cleanup. I do something very similar to this myself here, where I wanted to allow nested tmux sessions if I am attaching through ssh.

Since you have a custom experience in mind, you no longer need the tmux attach .... or similar commands, so I will assume you always start session for project A by something like tmux_wrapper A. In your wrapper you probably have a line similar to tmux new-session -s A. Here we can take advantage of the session name A. Then, at the end of your wrapper you can have a cleanup switch that only activates if the session is no longer live (i.e. windows/panes are no longer attachable).

A simple example tmux_wrapper would look something like this:



# test if the session has windows
    n=$(tmux ls 2> /dev/null | grep "^$sess" | wc -l)
    [[ $n -eq 0 ]]

# either create it or attach to it
if is_closed ; then
  tmux new -s $sess
  tmux attach -t $sess

# the session is now either closed or detatched
if is_closed ; then
    # perform cleanup here ...

Run it like tmux_wrapper A. Now, the cleanup will automatically occur for session A if and only if the session has been completely closed.

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Not the prettiest solution but it should work :) Thanks! I indeed have a similar script, you can find it here if you're interested: gist.github.com/WoLpH/3163775 –  Wolph May 9 '13 at 11:56
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