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I'd like to see from command line all informations pertaining to a given video file, including length, quality, bitrate, resolution, audio and video formats, number and language of audio streams and subtitles, and so on; the more, the best.

As far as now I must resort on the "information" tab of VLC because even Dolphin file manager isn't helping me with this: it shows me only some of these informations and just for some formats (i.e. .mkv doesn't seem supported that way).

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1  
What about mediainfo ? – Endoro May 13 '13 at 21:32
    
Take a look at mkvinfo and ffprobe as well. – slhck May 14 '13 at 21:55
    
Thank to you too; as before, please answer so I can properly vote your suggestion – Sekhemty May 14 '13 at 21:59
    
Mkvinfo is fine, but only for MKV videos : mkvinfo -v -v video.mkv – Endoro May 14 '13 at 23:03
    
up vote 36 down vote accepted

Give mediainfo a try. On the command line type mediainfo input.mkv. For more detailed video information mediainfo --fullscan input.mkv.

Output example:

General
Unique ID                                : 239093944660469735839645243666869007606 (0xB3DFD199E22F0E7CBAE1FE52206834F6)
Complete name                            : input.mkv
Format                                   : Matroska
Format version                           : Version 2
File size                                : 39.6 MiB
Duration                                 : 20s 288ms
Overall bit rate mode                    : Variable
Overall bit rate                         : 16.4 Mbps
Movie name                               : My best movie
Encoded date                             : UTC 2012-11-10 16:42:02
Writing application                      : mkvmerge v5.8.0 ('No Sleep / Pillow') built on Sep  2 2012 15:37:04
Writing library                          : libebml v1.2.3 + libmatroska v1.3.0
Produzent                                : ??? ???????
Thanks to                                : Bruce Davey
Lead performer                           : Rudy Youngblood
Remixed by                               : ©????

Video
ID                                       : 1
Format                                   : AVC
Format/Info                              : Advanced Video Codec
Format profile                           : High@L4.0
MultiView_Count                          : 2
Format settings, CABAC                   : Yes
Format settings, ReFrames                : 2 frames
Format settings, GOP                     : M=2, N=13
Muxing mode                              : Header stripping
Codec ID                                 : V_MPEG4/ISO/AVC
Duration                                 : 20s 280ms
Bit rate mode                            : Variable
Bit rate                                 : 15.8 Mbps
Maximum bit rate                         : 16.0 Mbps
Width                                    : 1 920 pixels
Height                                   : 1 080 pixels
Display aspect ratio                     : 16:9
Frame rate mode                          : Constant
Frame rate                               : 25.000 fps
Color space                              : YUV
Chroma subsampling                       : 4:2:0
Bit depth                                : 8 bits
Scan type                                : Interlaced
Scan order                               : Top Field First
Bits/(Pixel*Frame)                       : 0.304
Stream size                              : 38.2 MiB (96%)
Title                                    : Sony Hardware Video H.264 Encoder
Language                                 : English
Default                                  : Yes
Forced                                   : No

Audio
ID                                       : 2
Format                                   : AC-3
Format/Info                              : Audio Coding 3
Mode extension                           : CM (complete main)
Format settings, Endianness              : Big
Muxing mode                              : Header stripping
Codec ID                                 : A_AC3
Duration                                 : 20s 288ms
Bit rate mode                            : Constant
Bit rate                                 : 256 Kbps
Channel(s)                               : 2 channels
Channel positions                        : Front: L R
Sampling rate                            : 48.0 KHz
Bit depth                                : 16 bits
Compression mode                         : Lossy
Delay relative to video                  : -80ms
Stream size                              : 634 KiB (2%)
Title                                    : Sony Hardware Audio AC3 Encoder
Language                                 : Russian
Default                                  : Yes
Forced                                   : No

Text
ID                                       : 3
Format                                   : PGS
Muxing mode                              : zlib
Codec ID                                 : S_HDMV/PGS
Codec ID/Info                            : The same subtitle format used on BDs/HD-DVDs
Title                                    : Sony Hardware PGS Encoder
Language                                 : English
Default                                  : Yes
Forced                                   : No
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It is good but I just want to get only duration in commandline.Thanks – Günay Gültekin Jan 6 at 10:11
1  
yes, I found it. I should do it like that ; 'mediaInfo --Output=Video;%Duration% filename.mp4' – Günay Gültekin Jan 6 at 11:16

You can use mplayer:

mplayer -vo null -ao null -frames 0 -identify videofile.mp4

Output:

MPlayer 1.1-4.2.1 (C) 2000-2012 MPlayer Team
Can't init Apple Remote.

Playing vid.mp4.
libavformat version 54.6.101 (internal)
libavformat file format detected.
ID_VIDEO_ID=0
[lavf] stream 0: video (h264), -vid 0
ID_AUDIO_ID=0
[lavf] stream 1: audio (aac), -aid 0, -alang und
VIDEO:  [H264]  480x360  24bpp  29.970 fps  700.7 kbps (85.5 kbyte/s)
Clip info:
 major_brand: qt
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME0=major_brand
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE0=qt
 minor_version: 0
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME1=minor_version
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE1=0
 compatible_brands: qt
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME2=compatible_brands
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE2=qt
 creation_time: 2011-03-03 15:42:30
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME3=creation_time
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE3=2011-03-03 15:42:30
 encoder: 4.2.1
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME4=encoder
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE4=4.2.1
 encoder-eng: 4.2.1
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME5=encoder-eng
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE5=4.2.1
 date: 2011-03-03T10:42:30-0500
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME6=date
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE6=2011-03-03T10:42:30-0500
 date-eng: 2011-03-03T10:42:30-0500
ID_CLIP_INFO_NAME7=date-eng
ID_CLIP_INFO_VALUE7=2011-03-03T10:42:30-0500
ID_CLIP_INFO_N=8
Load subtitles in ./
ID_FILENAME=vid.mp4
ID_DEMUXER=lavfpref
ID_VIDEO_FORMAT=H264
ID_VIDEO_BITRATE=700712
ID_VIDEO_WIDTH=480
ID_VIDEO_HEIGHT=360
ID_VIDEO_FPS=29.970
ID_VIDEO_ASPECT=0.0000
ID_AUDIO_FORMAT=MP4A
ID_AUDIO_BITRATE=63600
ID_AUDIO_RATE=44100
ID_AUDIO_NCH=1
ID_START_TIME=0.00
ID_LENGTH=3.83
ID_SEEKABLE=1
ID_CHAPTERS=0
==========================================================================
Opening video decoder: [ffmpeg] FFmpeg's libavcodec codec family
libavcodec version 54.23.100 (internal)
Selected video codec: [ffh264] vfm: ffmpeg (FFmpeg H.264)
==========================================================================
ID_VIDEO_CODEC=ffh264
==========================================================================
Opening audio decoder: [ffmpeg] FFmpeg/libavcodec audio decoders
AUDIO: 44100 Hz, 1 ch, s16le, 63.6 kbit/9.01% (ratio: 7950->88200)
ID_AUDIO_BITRATE=63600
ID_AUDIO_RATE=44100
ID_AUDIO_NCH=1
Selected audio codec: [ffaac] afm: ffmpeg (FFmpeg AAC (MPEG-2/MPEG-4 Audio))
==========================================================================
AO: [null] 44100Hz 1ch s16le (2 bytes per sample)
ID_AUDIO_CODEC=ffaac
Starting playback...


Exiting... (End of file)
ID_EXIT=EOF
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FYI, this worked great on OS X 10.10 using brew.sh and installing mplayer with brew install mplayer. mplayer seems to detect a lot more non-standard metadata than mediainfo does. – Andrew Odri Jun 16 '15 at 19:01

On recent linux distributions you can also get information using avconv:

$ avconv -i ch1_video_01.mpg 
avconv version 9.18-6:9.18-0ubuntu0.14.04.1, Copyright (c) 2000-2014 the Libav developers
  built on Mar 16 2015 13:19:10 with gcc 4.8 (Ubuntu 4.8.2-19ubuntu1)
[mpeg @ 0x722840] max_analyze_duration reached
Guessed Channel Layout for  Input Stream #0.1 : stereo
Input #0, mpeg, from 'ch1_video_01.mpg':
  Duration: 00:03:48.01, start: 0.274000, bitrate: 6042 kb/s
    Stream #0.0[0x1e0]: Video: mpeg2video (Main), yuv420p, 720x576 [PAR 64:45 DAR 16:9], 8000 kb/s, 25 fps, 25 tbr, 90k tbn, 50 tbc
    Stream #0.1[0x1c0]: Audio: mp2, 48000 Hz, stereo, s16p, 256 kb/s
At least one output file must be specified
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avprobe

sudo apt-get install libav-tools
avprobe lego.mp4

Sample output:

ffprobe version 2.7.5-0ubuntu0.15.10.1 Copyright (c) 2007-2016 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 5.2.1 (Ubuntu 5.2.1-22ubuntu2) 20151010
  configuration: --prefix=/usr --extra-version=0ubuntu0.15.10.1 --build-suffix=-ffmpeg --toolchain=hardened --libdir=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu --incdir=/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu --enable-gpl --enable-shared --disable-stripping --enable-avresample --enable-avisynth --enable-frei0r --enable-gnutls --enable-ladspa --enable-libass --enable-libbluray --enable-libbs2b --enable-libcaca --enable-libcdio --enable-libflite --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libfribidi --enable-libgme --enable-libgsm --enable-libmodplug --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-openal --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-librtmp --enable-libschroedinger --enable-libshine --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libwavpack --enable-libwebp --enable-libxvid --enable-libzvbi --enable-opengl --enable-x11grab --enable-libdc1394 --enable-libiec61883 --enable-libzmq --enable-libssh --enable-libsoxr --enable-libx264 --enable-libopencv --enable-libx265
  WARNING: library configuration mismatch
  avcodec     configuration: --prefix=/usr --extra-version=0ubuntu0.15.10.1 --build-suffix=-ffmpeg --toolchain=hardened --libdir=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu --incdir=/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu --enable-gpl --enable-shared --disable-stripping --enable-avresample --enable-avisynth --enable-frei0r --enable-gnutls --enable-ladspa --enable-libass --enable-libbluray --enable-libbs2b --enable-libcaca --enable-libcdio --enable-libflite --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libfribidi --enable-libgme --enable-libgsm --enable-libmodplug --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-openal --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-librtmp --enable-libschroedinger --enable-libshine --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libwavpack --enable-libwebp --enable-libxvid --enable-libzvbi --enable-opengl --enable-x11grab --enable-libdc1394 --enable-libiec61883 --enable-libzmq --enable-libssh --enable-libsoxr --enable-libx264 --enable-libopencv --enable-libx265 --enable-version3 --disable-doc --disable-programs --disable-avdevice --disable-avfilter --disable-avformat --disable-avresample --disable-postproc --disable-swscale --enable-libopencore_amrnb --enable-libopencore_amrwb --enable-libvo_aacenc --enable-libvo_amrwbenc
  libavutil      54. 27.100 / 54. 27.100
  libavcodec     56. 41.100 / 56. 41.100
  libavformat    56. 36.100 / 56. 36.100
  libavdevice    56.  4.100 / 56.  4.100
  libavfilter     5. 16.101 /  5. 16.101
  libavresample   2.  1.  0 /  2.  1.  0
  libswscale      3.  1.101 /  3.  1.101
  libswresample   1.  2.100 /  1.  2.100
  libpostproc    53.  3.100 / 53.  3.100
Input #0, mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2, from 'lego.mp4':
  Metadata:
    major_brand     : mp42
    minor_version   : 0
    compatible_brands: mp42isomavc1
    creation_time   : 2010-03-20 21:29:11
    encoder         : HandBrake 0.9.4 2009112300
  Duration: 00:00:05.57, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 551 kb/s
    Stream #0:0(und): Video: h264 (Constrained Baseline) (avc1 / 0x31637661), yuv420p(tv, bt709), 560x320, 465 kb/s, 30 fps, 30 tbr, 90k tbn, 60 tbc (default)
    Metadata:
      creation_time   : 2010-03-20 21:29:11
      encoder         : JVT/AVC Coding
    Stream #0:1(eng): Audio: aac (LC) (mp4a / 0x6134706D), 48000 Hz, mono, fltp, 83 kb/s (default)
    Metadata:
      creation_time   : 2010-03-20 21:29:11

ExifTool

sudo apt-get install libimage-exiftool-perl
exiftool lego.mp4

Sample output:

ExifTool Version Number         : 10.00
File Name                       : lego.mp4
Directory                       : .
File Size                       : 375 kB
File Modification Date/Time     : 2016:02:03 17:18:15+01:00
File Access Date/Time           : 2016:02:03 17:18:49+01:00
File Inode Change Date/Time     : 2016:02:03 17:18:49+01:00
File Permissions                : rw-rw-r--
File Type                       : MP4
File Type Extension             : mp4
MIME Type                       : video/mp4
Major Brand                     : MP4 v2 [ISO 14496-14]
Minor Version                   : 0.0.0
Compatible Brands               : mp42, isom, avc1
Movie Data Size                 : 379872
Movie Data Offset               : 168
Movie Header Version            : 0
Create Date                     : 2010:03:20 21:29:11
Modify Date                     : 2010:03:20 21:29:12
Time Scale                      : 90000
Duration                        : 5.57 s
Preferred Rate                  : 1
Preferred Volume                : 100.00%
Preview Time                    : 0 s
Preview Duration                : 0 s
Poster Time                     : 0 s
Selection Time                  : 0 s
Selection Duration              : 0 s
Current Time                    : 0 s
Next Track ID                   : 3
Track Header Version            : 0
Track Create Date               : 2010:03:20 21:29:11
Track Modify Date               : 2010:03:20 21:29:12
Track ID                        : 1
Track Duration                  : 5.53 s
Track Layer                     : 0
Track Volume                    : 0.00%
Image Width                     : 560
Image Height                    : 320
Graphics Mode                   : srcCopy
Op Color                        : 0 0 0
Compressor ID                   : avc1
Source Image Width              : 560
Source Image Height             : 320
X Resolution                    : 72
Y Resolution                    : 72
Compressor Name                 : JVT/AVC Coding
Bit Depth                       : 24
Color Representation            : nclc 1 1 1
Video Frame Rate                : 30
Matrix Structure                : 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Media Header Version            : 0
Media Create Date               : 2010:03:20 21:29:11
Media Modify Date               : 2010:03:20 21:29:12
Media Time Scale                : 48000
Media Duration                  : 5.57 s
Media Language Code             : eng
Balance                         : 0
Audio Format                    : mp4a
Audio Channels                  : 1
Audio Bits Per Sample           : 16
Audio Sample Rate               : 48000
Track 2 Name                    : Stereo
Handler Type                    : Metadata
Encoder                         : HandBrake 0.9.4 2009112300
Avg Bitrate                     : 546 kbps
Image Size                      : 560x320
Megapixels                      : 0.179
Rotation                        : 0
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