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I am trying to match a string:

* * * * * /usr/local/bin/growlnotify -t 'helloTitle' -m 'helloMessage' -n 'myApp' -sw


crontab -l | grep '^[^#].*/usr/local/bin/growlnotify.*\-n \'myApp\'.*$'

it doesn't work: nothing matched.


crontab -l | grep '^[^#].*/usr/local/bin/growlnotify.*\-n.*$'

works very good:

* * * * * /usr/local/bin/growlnotify -t 'helloTitle' -m 'helloMessage' -n 'myApp' -sw

What is the problem with \'myApp\' ?

How to escape a single quote in grep/sed?

share|improve this question
-1 you really should've used a simpler example to demonstrate your point – barlop Nov 22 '14 at 19:30

one can escape single quote with -e option and using hexadecimal representation:

echo -e '\047'
> '

or in grep using hexadecimal representation and -P option:

crontab -l | grep -P '^.*/usr/local/bin/growlnotify.*\-n \047myApp\047.*$'
> * * * * * /usr/local/bin/growlnotify -t 'helloTitle' -m 'helloMessage' -n 'myApp' -sw

ss64 as reference:

       Interpret PATTERN as a Perl regular expression.
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If you are using GNU grep, you could have also replaced the single quotes ' enclosing the expression with double quotes " (2 chars modified) and removing the backslashes \ (3 chars removed). Copy/paste proof echo "* * * * * /usr/local/bin/growlnotify -t 'helloTitle' -m 'helloMessage' -n 'myApp' -sw" | grep "^[^#].*/usr/local/bin/growlnotify.*-n 'myApp'.*$" – adam Jun 18 at 21:43

Sorry to say, but you cannot escape single quotes inside single quotes. You'll need to use double quotes. You can prove it to yourself by doing:

echo '\'' <-- doesn't work

Your shell will expect another quote.

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To clarify: "\" cannot be used to escape anything inside single quotes. This is not a grep/sed issue; this is a shell issue (bash, csh, etc…). – Scott May 20 '13 at 22:44

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