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I'm trying to mount my Windows drive while running an Arch install on an external drive. However, when I try to mount the partition, it throws

Wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sdb1, missing codepage or helper program.  

dmesg | tail gives the following output about it

EXT4-fs (sdb1):VFS:Can't find ext4 filesystem
XFS (sdb1): bad magic number
XFS (sdb1): SB Validate failed

fdisk tells me

Disk /dev/sdb: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes, 1465149168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x4e49496f

Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sdb1            1979  1424183295   712090658+  12  Compaq diagnostics
Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.
/dev/sdb2      1424185344  1465149167    20481912   12  Compaq diagnostics

However, this is the partition that stores all my Windows information. I do not know why it is labeled as diagnostic. gparted shows it as ntfs as well, although it shows the error in this screenshot http://i.imgur.com/pfStwYB.png.

I ran chkdsk and it came up with no errors. After restarting twice, I've somewhat given up.

What should I do to be able to mount this? Do I have to change the partitions over to NTFS from where they are now, even though it works fine under the windows install? Or is there some sort of workaround.

Thanks.

share|improve this question
    
Your logs suggest that you don't have NTFS support in your linux environment (e.g. your logs show it trying to see if it's ext4 and xfs, but not ntfs). As the gparted output shows, to mount NTFS, you need ntfsprogs / ntfs-3g. –  ernie May 29 '13 at 23:56
    
Yeah, and I hadn't realized that until looking at gparted as well. Even then, though, I'm still having trouble now that ntfs-3g is installed –  Avery May 30 '13 at 0:09
    
"still having trouble" doesn't mean much. What command are you using to try and mount? What's the output you're seeing? Any errors? it should be a simple mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /mnt/pnt/here –  ernie May 30 '13 at 0:12
    
I was just using mount /dev/sdb1. However, using the command you gave yielded a bit more information. It gave me the error Failed to load: Input/output error NTFS is either inconsistent, or there is a hardware fault, or it's a SoftRAID/FakeRAID." lsblk -f also shows that there is no filesystem for the partition and no UUID. I've already run chkdsk as recommended –  Avery May 30 '13 at 0:15

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