If this model supports transferring contacts via Bluetooth, and you have a Bluetooth adapter for your PC, you could transfer them there, and then convert them to a format Outlook wants (.vcf, I believe).
On feature phones such as the one you have, the contacts are not designed to be extractible by the consumer. There is no way to download them directly to Outlook.
The easiest thing to do will be to visit a local store of your carrier, they will have a machine called a "Cellebrite" which can extract them (usually they can email or copy to a flash drive) or print them out.
The BitPim project has reversed engineered the proprietary protocol of many feature phones, and you could use this if you had the correct cable (often a Cellebrite-compatible cable), and could manage to find the drivers for it (note that some Cellebrite cables look like standard USB cables but aren't). I am not seeing your model in the supported models list (http://www.bitpim.org/help/) so unfortunately this won't help.