I've looked everywhere for this answer or even at least a question like this one (even tom's hardware didn't have anything 'explicitly' related to this).
My question is simple:
Is there or are there any alternatives to the current way data is processed (using 0s and 1s) in computer architecture?
I came across this question when looking for a new PC to buy and got into looking at how Intel and the other processor guys spend billions squeezing more transistors onto chips, etc. (but that is only partly related to my question).
Some people may say that "0s and 1s are the lowest form of representing data", which was true back when such computers started using such a system. Is it still the case today? Have we really not gone right back to the drawing board to look at alternatives for processing that can likely shrink the processing needs we currently face?
I know to some of you that this question may have a simple answer that you think is correct, but just thinking about it and going all the way back to 0s and 1s and even the transistor itself, it makes you wonder whether alternatives to every single method or step of the architecture exists out there (not just the 0 and 1 representation).
My personal opinion not related to the question "I believe that because of the complex nature current PCs have, the capacity to do something more complex than 0|1 processing at the lowest level is something that may be possible today, simply because that type of processing seems like it defeats the purpose/s of complex solving the PC was designed for"