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It seems all about this was already discussed, but I can't resolve my problem. I have all necessary strings in /etc/paths


in ~/.bash_profile

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.rvm/bin
export PATH="$(brew --prefix php54)/bin:$PATH"
export PATH="$(brew --prefix)/bin:$PATH"

But every time I execute

echo $PATH

in terminal, I get only


if I put .bash_profile strings to .profile or .bashrc I have no effect.

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migrated from Sep 21 '13 at 11:18

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

Have you quit terminal and retry? – study Sep 15 '13 at 18:40
yes, sure, I restarted it! – matr0sk1n Sep 15 '13 at 18:41
Type ". .bash_profile" to reload .bash_profile and update any functions you add. – dciso Sep 15 '13 at 18:47
it didn't help, I don't understand why there are no paths from /etc/paths? only /usr/local/bin – matr0sk1n Sep 15 '13 at 18:52
Any change if you put those lines in .bashrc instead? – Fredrik Pihl Sep 15 '13 at 18:57
up vote 1 down vote accepted

PATH is constructed first from /etc/paths, then from the files in /etc/paths.d, and then from .bash_profile. Starting from the last step, methodically remove each step, and test to see if your problem is recreated.

  1. Comment out every line in .bash_profile and save (or you could delete/rename it).
  2. Close out your terminal and restart it to reconstruct your PATH.
  3. echo $PATH. It should contain everything from /etc/paths.

If everything from /etc/paths is included, then your problem lies in your .bash_profile. Uncomment one line at a time until you recreate your problem. Then you will know which line is your problem, and will be able to troubleshoot that instead of a vague PATH issue.

Alternatively, if deleting .bash_profile has no effect, then you have a problem that's occurring before .bash_profile acts. Check the files in /etc/paths.d - those also get appended to your PATH. Move them out of paths.d and then test whether your PATH is properly constructed from /etc/paths.

It seems like a lot of people have some trouble with rvm, as in this post and this post , so I'm guessing the problem lies in your .bash_profile. Good luck and let us know.

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There could be spaces in the value of PATH and might be causing problems with it. Try placing it inside quotes:

export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin"
export PATH="$PATH:$HOME/.rvm/bin"
export PATH="$(brew --prefix php54)/bin:$PATH"
export PATH="$(brew --prefix)/bin:$PATH"

Even though it's kind of unlikely with export. Perhaps the script is parsed in a different way.

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I still have no effect! I even have no /usr/bin in PATH. – matr0sk1n Sep 15 '13 at 18:46

Do this in the shell:

$ source ~/.bashrc

This makes the current session aware of the change.

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Try putting the $PATH variable at the end of the line. In my .bash_profile that is how I have it and it works fine.

export PATH="/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH"
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