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Suppose I have started vim like this:

vim foo bar

Now I decide that I want each of those files in its own tab. Is there a way to do that without exiting vim and adding the -p option to my command line?

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What is a "net tab"? – eleven81 Nov 5 '09 at 15:33
Sorry for the typo and thanks to Idigas for correcting it. – innaM Nov 5 '09 at 15:48
up vote 17 down vote accepted

When you start vim like that, you don't get a vim client, the text editor is using the terminal or cmd prompt - the two files are in two different buffers. Use :ls to list the buffers:

  1 %a   "foo"                 line 6
  2      "bar"             line 0

The %a is the active buffer. You can use :b2 to switch to buffer 2 or use :bn to cycle to the next or :bp for previous. I prefer (CTRL-W v) to split windows vertically, rather than (CTRL-W s), which splits horizontally.

If you have 2 files loaded & no tabs (yet), you can, :tabnew and in the new tab type :b2

If you want to always have buffers loaded into their own tabs, check out this article.

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Yes, but I want to have tabs. – innaM Nov 5 '09 at 15:55
So you already have started vim in a way that you have your files in the vim client, not in a cmd / terminal shell? – DaveParillo Nov 5 '09 at 15:57
I'm not sure what you mean. I use the shell to start vim like described above and then I have a running vim. – innaM Nov 5 '09 at 16:13
Ah! I guess I never really understood that buffers aren't local to tabs. I always thought (without thinking really much) that each tab has its own buffer list. – innaM Nov 5 '09 at 16:42
On my machine, vim will launch an editor within the shell. To get the vim graphical user interface I have to use gvim. And you are correct - buffers are global to the vim application. – DaveParillo Nov 5 '09 at 17:08

You wish to open a buffer in a new tab ?

Split up the screen (Ctrl-W s), take up a window, and Ctrl-W T

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Hmm. Not quite what I had in mind, but not bad for a start. I didn't know about Ctrl-w T yet. Of course, the first tab will still have two buffers that way. – innaM Nov 5 '09 at 15:34
No. After you split the screen into two windows, and open one of them in a new tab, it goes away from the first tab. It won't remain (at least it doesn't on my gvim72). As far as buffers go, they are not connected to windows/tabs ... they are more like memory where vim stores file contents. – Rook Nov 5 '09 at 15:37
Ah! You're right. I was misinterpreting the output of :ls. – innaM Nov 5 '09 at 15:46
Also, ctrl-w V splits the window vertically. – Shannon Nelson Nov 5 '09 at 20:33
CTRL-w v is the correct command for splitting windows vertically – JRM Nov 10 '12 at 1:59

A better way to accomplish what OP asked for is this:

:bufdo tab split

This will open each buffer into a tab of its own, no matter how many there are. If you use this much, it's easy to make into a mapping in your .vimrc. Combined with something like this little vim plugin the following will open every item from :grep (or :Ack) in a tab of its own:

:grep foo
:bufdo tab split

Of course, when resorting to a plugin it would be easy enough to modify it to open the quickfix list contents in directly into tabs.

UPDATE: I've really got to give a shout-out to ggustafsson's comment below. It's far and away the best answer of the lot and beautifully illustrates Vim's tendency towards compositional behavior. The suggestion is:

 :tab sball

It's well worth looking up the Vim help for :tab and :sball to see what's going on here.

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An similar approach from a previous edit, for posterity, is :bufdo execute "tabnew %". I think the new approach is a bit clearer. – John Whitley May 30 '12 at 1:37
One caveat: if the starting buffer in vim isn't empty, this seems to open the last buffer twice. I'll post an update if I find a simple fix. – John Whitley May 30 '12 at 1:52
:tab sball seems to work better. – ggustafsson Jan 20 '13 at 11:07

You can accomplish this by combining the tab command with the sb[uffer] command.

First you'll need to know the buffer id of the buffer you wish to open in a new tab. You can find this out with the ls command:

  1 %a   "foo"                          line 1
  2      "bar"                          line 0

Once you have the id, you can easily open it in a new tab using:

:tab sb 2

The sb command normally opens the given buffer in a new split window, but the tab command causes it to open in a new tab, instead.

The tab command also allows you to specify where in the tab list the new tab should be created. For example, :0tab sb 2 would result in the new ‘bar’ tab appearing at the beginning of the list instead of after the current tab.

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1. Open two files in Vim.

$ vim foo bar

2. Check the numbers of buffers.

  1%a "foo"
  2   "bar"

3. Chain two commands: tabnew to open a new tab and b <buffer_number> to load the desired buffer in the tab.

:tabnew | b 2
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The problem with step 3 is that it first creates a new tab with an empty buffer, and then opens buffer 2, resulting in an extra untitled buffer in the buffer list. Better to use :tab sb 2 – rkjnsn Apr 2 '13 at 20:26
@rkjnsn you should post that as an answer - it best answers the question 'how do I edit an existing buffer in a new tab in vim?' – Jonny Leeds Mar 19 '15 at 11:32
@JonnyLeeds done. – rkjnsn Mar 20 '15 at 18:33

Just add some point which other guys didn't mention.

  • current window to new tab

If have multiple window, <C-W>T will move this window to new tab. However, this shortcut only for "Window", not "buffer". If prefer this style, :sp or <C-W>s to duplicate current buffer to one more window, then <C-W>T to move it to new tab.

4 keystrokes or 7 keystrokes.

  • current buffer to new tab

:tabe % to open new tab for current buffer.

7 keystrokes.

  • buffer to new tab

If use CtrlP plugin, also could use "CtrlPBuffer", then with <C-t> shortcut to open it with new tab page. This style, easily to switch to different buffers.

With shortcut of "CtrlPBuffer", 4 keystrokes or more.

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