The issue here is that yes, you can convert your existing system to a disk image, and then use on in VirtualBox, VMWare Fusion, or Parallels... (But not bootcamp)
But what happens then? That disk image can be reverse ported back to your laptop... Are you going to save all your work on a flash drive, and use that flash drive on your work system? Are you going to use Dropbox for your working space?
Unless you want to keep porting your work hard drive to virtual machines... Or rsync between the two boxes, or equivalent...
This is just a stop gap measure, or one that will then leave the data & files scattered, some over here, some at work, etc... Think about the large term aspect as well.