Note that you can specify options after each key in authorized_keys. Perhaps use the
environment="NAME=value" option and set a common variable to different values for each key. This variable then can be used to set the bash prompt and used in scripts.
The following is the relevant part of
AUTHORIZED_KEYS FILE FORMAT
AuthorizedKeysFile specifies the files containing public keys for public
key authentication; if none is specified, the default is
~/.ssh/authorized_keys and ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2. Each line of the
file contains one key (empty lines and lines starting with a ‘#’ are
ignored as comments). Protocol 1 public keys consist of the following
space-separated fields: options, bits, exponent, modulus, comment. Pro‐
tocol 2 public key consist of: options, keytype, base64-encoded key, com‐
ment. The options field is optional; its presence is determined by
whether the line starts with a number or not (the options field never
starts with a number). The bits, exponent, modulus, and comment fields
give the RSA key for protocol version 1; the comment field is not used
for anything (but may be convenient for the user to identify the key).
For protocol version 2 the keytype is “ecdsa-sha2-nistp256”,
“ecdsa-sha2-nistp384”, “ecdsa-sha2-nistp521”, “ssh-dss” or “ssh-rsa”.
Note that lines in this file are usually several hundred bytes long
(because of the size of the public key encoding) up to a limit of 8 kilo‐
bytes, which permits DSA keys up to 8 kilobits and RSA keys up to 16
kilobits. You don't want to type them in; instead, copy the
identity.pub, id_dsa.pub, id_ecdsa.pub, or the id_rsa.pub file and edit
sshd enforces a minimum RSA key modulus size for protocol 1 and protocol
2 keys of 768 bits.
The options (if present) consist of comma-separated option specifica‐
tions. No spaces are permitted, except within double quotes. The fol‐
lowing option specifications are supported (note that option keywords are
Specifies that the listed key is a certification authority (CA)
that is trusted to validate signed certificates for user authen‐
Certificates may encode access restrictions similar to these key
options. If both certificate restrictions and key options are
present, the most restrictive union of the two is applied.
Specifies that the command is executed whenever this key is used
for authentication. The command supplied by the user (if any) is
ignored. The command is run on a pty if the client requests a
pty; otherwise it is run without a tty. If an 8-bit clean chan‐
nel is required, one must not request a pty or should specify
no-pty. A quote may be included in the command by quoting it
with a backslash. This option might be useful to restrict cer‐
tain public keys to perform just a specific operation. An exam‐
ple might be a key that permits remote backups but nothing else.
Note that the client may specify TCP and/or X11 forwarding unless
they are explicitly prohibited. The command originally supplied
by the client is available in the SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND environ‐
ment variable. Note that this option applies to shell, command
or subsystem execution. Also note that this command may be
superseded by either a sshd_config(5) ForceCommand directive or a
command embedded in a certificate.
Specifies that the string is to be added to the environment when
logging in using this key. Environment variables set this way
override other default environment values. Multiple options of
this type are permitted. Environment processing is disabled by
default and is controlled via the PermitUserEnvironment option.
This option is automatically disabled if UseLogin is enabled.
Specifies that in addition to public key authentication, either
the canonical name of the remote host or its IP address must be
present in the comma-separated list of patterns. See PATTERNS in
ssh_config(5) for more information on patterns.
In addition to the wildcard matching that may be applied to host‐
names or addresses, a from stanza may match IP addresses using
CIDR address/masklen notation.
The purpose of this option is to optionally increase security:
public key authentication by itself does not trust the network or
name servers or anything (but the key); however, if somebody
somehow steals the key, the key permits an intruder to log in
from anywhere in the world. This additional option makes using a
stolen key more difficult (name servers and/or routers would have
to be compromised in addition to just the key).
Forbids authentication agent forwarding when this key is used for
Forbids TCP forwarding when this key is used for authentication.
Any port forward requests by the client will return an error.
This might be used, e.g. in connection with the command option.
no-pty Prevents tty allocation (a request to allocate a pty will fail).
Disables execution of ~/.ssh/rc.
Forbids X11 forwarding when this key is used for authentication.
Any X11 forward requests by the client will return an error.
Limit local ``ssh -L'' port forwarding such that it may only con‐
nect to the specified host and port. IPv6 addresses can be spec‐
ified by enclosing the address in square brackets. Multiple
permitopen options may be applied separated by commas. No pat‐
tern matching is performed on the specified hostnames, they must
be literal domains or addresses.
On a cert-authority line, specifies allowed principals for cer‐
tificate authentication as a comma-separated list. At least one
name from the list must appear in the certificate's list of prin‐
cipals for the certificate to be accepted. This option is
ignored for keys that are not marked as trusted certificate sign‐
ers using the cert-authority option.
Force a tun(4) device on the server. Without this option, the
next available device will be used if the client requests a tun‐
An example authorized_keys file:
# Comments allowed at start of line
ssh-rsa AAAAB3Nza...LiPk== email@example.com
command="dump /home",no-pty,no-port-forwarding ssh-dss
tunnel="0",command="sh /etc/netstart tun0" ssh-rsa AAAA...==