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If I do the "history" command in tmux, I get a really weird result. Anyone got a hint on what to do to get normal output?

The output looks like this:

  477  ◆┬▒⎺▒└☃◆ 
  478  c▒├ ◆┬▒⎺▒└☃◆
  479  ec▒⎺ ◆┬▒⎺▒└☃◆
  48▮  ┴☃└ ·/↓├└┤│↓c⎺┼° 
  481  ├└┤│
  482  ┌⎽
  483  cd ┐⎺▒┼⎽/
  484  ┌e☃┼ ┐⎺▒┼⎽ ⎼┤┼
  485  ┌⎽
  486  ┌e☃┼ ▮1_e─┤▒┌☃├☃e⎽↓c┌┘ ⎼┤┼
  487  cd ↓↓
  488  ┌e☃┼ ┐⎺▒┼⎽ ⎼┤┼
  489  cd ┐⎺▒┼⎽/
  49▮  ┌e☃┼ ┐⎺▒┼ ⎼┤┼
  491  ┴☃└ ▮1_e─┤▒┌☃├☃e⎽↓c┌┘ 
  492  ▒☃⎽├⎺⎼≤
  493  ┌e☃┼ ┐⎺▒┼ ⎼┤┼
  494  ├└┤│ ┌⎽
  495  ├⎺⎻
  496  ▒☃⎽├⎺⎼≤
  497  e│☃├
  498  e│☃├
  499  ▒☃⎽├⎺⎼≤
S⎼e┼⎽↑M▒cB⎺⎺┐↑P⎼⎺↑2:· S⎺e⎼e┼$ 

I'm guessing it has to do with encoding.

I'm on a MacBook Pro in OSX Lion 10.7.5.

I'm using the Terminal app which has (among others) UTF-8 encoding enabled and UFT-8 under "International - Character Encoding:".

My shell is bash.

My tmux as per tmux -V is tmux 1.9a.

In my ~/.tmux.conf/, I have

set-option -g          prefix ^Space
bind-key ^Space        send-prefix
unbind C-b
set-option -g          status-fg white
set-option -g          default-command "reattach-to-user-namespace -l bash"
set -sg                escape-time 1
set -g                 base-index 1
setw -g                pane-base-index 1
bind r                 source-file ~/.tmux.conf
set-window-option -g   utf8 on
set -g                 utf8
set -g                 status-utf8 on

My languagesetup is English, though I'm Danish and so is my keyboard layout :) This has only been a problem for me when languagesetup was not English - specifically, piping with my Danish pipe character | meant that bash would not recognise the command after the pipe if I wrote a space between it and the pipe, so I had to do e.g.

echo $PATH |less

rather than

echo $PATH | less

But as I said, I fixed this with languagesetup.

I'm really eager to get going with tmux, so I hope somebody knows how to fix it! :)



The weird output was because I had ^N (the output from the key combination of Ctrl + n) in my history. The weird output can be intentionally forced if I press Ctrl + n followed by enter in tmux. I filed a ticket at tmux's SourceForge page in case it was a bug: https://sourceforge.net/p/tmux/tickets/137/ So, no ^N, no weird output!


For more interesting details, just look in the comments :)


After filing a bug report for the tmux developers at https://sourceforge.net/p/tmux/tickets/137/ , I have been told that the effect of ^N is not a bug. It is a feature from the olden pre-utf-8 days of hardware terminals, where developers used control characters to switch character sets in order to have access to a wider range of characters. ^N would "shift out", ^O would "shift in", that is, back to the original character set. Pressing ^O does not do anything for me in Terminal nor iTerm, and this is because ^O is remapped to "discard" - this can be seen by running stty -a. However, after having done ^N, you can run a shell script printf '\x0F', which inputs the control character that ^O is supposed to produce, and the output will return to normal, as you "shift in".

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Is there a command in your history, which might contain a special character that messes tmux' stdout up? –  polym Jun 22 at 14:03
I just did history -c history -w to clear my history, and now it looks OK, so I think you were right. Looking through a backup of ~/.bash_history in Vim in a tmux session looks OK, but if I do cat ~/bash_history.txt, the result is all weird again. It must be one of those characters... Probably a Danish one :D Going to spend a little time tracking it down. Cheers! –  Reefersleep Jun 23 at 20:31
njjj This was the line that caused the weird output. I can tell from the characters in this comment box that njjj isn't interpreted as I see it in my terminal outside of tmux - in there, it's ^An^A^N^Ajjj. I think it's from when I was experimenting with a new keymap for PREFIX in tmux - Ctrl+a, I guess, though I was also attempting Alt+a, but I guess the ^ means Ctrl. –  Reefersleep Jun 25 at 17:12
For anyone interested, I tracked it down by doing head -n {linenumber} ~/bash_history.txt in tmux repeatedly, incrementing the linenumber exponentially until I received faulty input, then exit/enter tmux and continuing on, incrementing/decrementing in a binary search pattern and exiting/entering tmux when necessary. –  Reefersleep Jun 25 at 17:13
nice :)). yes ^ stands for control :). Here's a source for what each control sequence means robelle.com/smugbook/ascii.html –  polym Jun 25 at 17:17

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