If I got your question right, what you are after is:
alternatively you can also issue:
man bash | grep -C5 "break [n]"
EDIT: Sorry, I missed your note about not being the bash break. :-| However I can't reproduce the error message you get. I get instead:
bash: break: only meaningful in a `for', `while', or `until' loop
What version of ubuntu do you use? What version of bash? Mine is version 4.0.33(1)-release (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu)... I am asking just in case the two different messages are both from bash but from different versions...
output to you? If it is a standalone program you will get the directory where the executable is located and thus probably be able to understand what installation is part of. If it is a bash (ot other shell) command it will silently fail (no output).