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I know that iTunes keeps its information in the itl file, so what's the point of having the itunes Music Library.xml file? Is there any way to get itunes to re-create the music library from the xml file?

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The .itl keeps your entire library, the xml keeps some components of it so that other applications can make use of your library. Since XML is a widely used standard, they chose to use it instead of using custom proprietary calls to the .itl file.

http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1660

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It is possible to recreate your music library from the xml file.

If you delete the content of the .itl file using Notepad, iTunes will see it as corrupt the next time you start the program. It will then use the xml file to recreate its .itl file.

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