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I have just bought an HP laptop with Windows 7 (64 bit). It has a 500 GB HDD with three partitions: a small hidden system partition, a 12 GiB HP recovery partition, and a 450 GiB C: boot partition.

I would like to split this large C: partition into two partitions, leaving only 100 GiB for the system, and giving the rest to a new data partition.

Although the Windows built-in Disk Management utility has an option to shrink the bootable partition, it only allows me to shrink it roughly by half, even though only 20 GiB on the partition is used. As far as I understand, system unmovable files lie in the middle of the partition, preventing Disk Management utility to do what I want.

And since new HP laptops don't come with OS installation disks (they only allow you to create recovery disks yourself), I can't just repartition HDD and then reinstall OS.

So, is there a way to shrink the C: bootable partition and preserve Windows 7 working?

P.S.: I have tried to use the third-party GParted utility, and after shrinking the partition, Windows 7 stopped booting, with a BSoD. System recovery didn't work, and I had to do factory recover. Since this is a long process, I would like to avoid doing it again :) So, please, suggest only proven solutions.

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10 Answers 10

up vote 39 down vote accepted

In the low-level tasks, like working with an HDD system partition, I prefer to use native tools as much as possible, and switch to third-party tools only as a last resort, if none of native tools worked. So, directed by harrymc, I gave Windows Disk Management another try.

I first turned Virtual Memory and System Restore off, removed System Volume Information folders, and after that Disk Management utility allowed me to shrink the C: partition as much as I needed. After that I turned the features back on.

There is one small native system utility that helped me to identify what is blocking my partition - fsutil. It can show you what is exactly the file that occupies some certain cluster. (Run fsutil volume querycluster /? for command usage). And to find the number of unmoveable cluster that is preventing Disk Management utility to shrink the partition, you can see Event Viewer for event 259. Or you can just calculate this cluster number given the available space to shrink the partition by and the cluster size.

Anyway, a filename will give you a hint to guess, what program or feature is locking your partition. And then you can turn it off or uninstall, and see if it helped. In my case turning off Virtual Memory and System Restore was enough. Sometimes it is also necessary to turn off hibernation, etc. And sometimes partition defragmentation may also help. Also, as stated in the WindowsITPro article, Windows Search Index files and Internet Explorer temporary files can also be "unmovable".

P.S.: Thanks everyone for answers. Probably third-party tools would also work in my case, and probably they are easier to use, but as I have already told, for such kind of tasks I prefer to use native tools as much as possible. Also, personal thanks to harrymc for the important hint.

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I couldn't quite follow the fsutil comments. But after I read a post on shrinking NTFS (windowsitpro.com/storage/…), it became clearer. Don't try fsutil first, attempt a defrag and then look in the Event Viewer Application Log for defrag events (Event ID 259 as noted above). The log message actually gives you the instructions for which fsutil command to run. –  icc97 Jun 29 at 14:07
    
How do I search for defrag events in Event viewer? –  To Do Oct 20 at 9:40
    
I read that removing system Volume Information folders for your Windows partition is NOT recommended. –  To Do Oct 20 at 9:41
    
System Volume Information folder contains restore points data, i.e. the data necessary to restore system files on the partition to some earlier point in time. Deleting the folder makes it impossible to restore system files by means of the System Restore feature. Since this was a clean Windows installation, I had nothing meaningful backed up yet. That's why it is preferable to define system partition as early as possible. But if you already have some apps or updates installed, then you can create a back up by some other means, like creating the partition image, etc. –  Alex Che Oct 22 at 7:04
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Also have a look at WindowsITPro (windowsitpro.com/storage/…) for hints as to what could prevent shrinking a disk: System Restore, IE temporary files index, Windows Search Index, Pagefile. –  Pierre Arnaud Oct 31 at 5:29

First, I would backup the system partition (for example, with Symantec Ghost v11 Enterprise). And for good measure, also image the ENTIRE drive (you can restore much faster than with HP's restore facility).

Then delete the C: drive and create two new partitions to your likings with a partitioning tool of your choice. Then deploy the image of the former C: drive to the first partition.

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This sounds reasonable. Do you think Ghost will cope with unmovable clusters in the way that will not break Windows? –  Alex Che Dec 28 '09 at 10:22
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I don't believe it will cope with partition size that is less than the original. –  harrymc Dec 28 '09 at 14:12
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believe me, Ghost WILL cope with target drives that are smaller than the source drive (unless the ammount of data exceeds the available disk space, that is).say, you have a 450 GB partition and 435 GB are free, then you can clone that partition to a 15 GB partition, no problem. –  Molly7244 Dec 28 '09 at 14:37
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@Molly: As this is the system drive, do you know from experience that Ghost can move these unmovable Windows files? –  harrymc Dec 28 '09 at 19:27
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yep, cloned a 750 GB drive (single partition + reserved) to a 320 GB drive because i needed the big drive elsewhere, no problem. i'm not using bitlocker though, that would a different story altogether. –  Molly7244 Dec 28 '09 at 19:43

If I was you, I would give Gparted another try, it can be used as a Linux boot disk and can resize disks very well.

If you take a look at the download page, there is a warning with a bug relating to NTFS disks so you may want to try a previous version.

WARNING: Recently there have been several reports of problems when resizing file systems using gparted-live-0.5.0-3. In the case of the NTFS file system, The error message seen after the partition is resized is:

  ERROR: Current NTFS volume size is bigger than the device size!

The problem appears to be related to the combination of packages, Linux kernel, and patches used in the GParted Live image. We are investigating to find the root cause of the problem. Until this problem is solved we recommend GParted Live 0.4-6-1 for resizing all file systems.

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he already did that, but GParted didn't go down too well with his system. –  Molly7244 Dec 27 '09 at 16:07
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... I think that was edited after I wrote this as I didn't see that before. –  William Hilsum Dec 27 '09 at 16:29
    
Yes, I have the very same error. I didn't see this message when I was downloading GParted. Probably the downgrade will help. And no, it was not edited after you wrote this. –  Alex Che Dec 28 '09 at 10:36
    
@Alex, sorry, I must of missed of missed it then, but hopefully this will help. –  William Hilsum Dec 28 '09 at 11:33

Solved: I found a free wonderful tool to solve the problem.

After some hours of research and workarounds like disable system restore, disable recycle bin, disable page file, index.dat removal, Acronis Disk Director, etc. I finally found a little FREE wonderful tool that may shrink a volume in Windows 7 despite unmovable files.

The tool is MiniTool Partition Wizard Home Edition and can be downloaded for free. The Partition Manager software for Windows supports all non-server 32-bit & 64 bit Windows.

Enjoy!

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Some Windows files are unmovable, and are unhelpfully allocated by Windows at the end or middle of the disk, so that one can only shrink C up to a limit. Which is exactly what you have discovered : the disk cannot be further reduced without destroying Windows.

The only solution is to reinstall Windows in a smaller partition. In your case, you will need to delete the existing system partition and divide it into two partitions via a 3rd-party tool, then restore Windows into the first partition on the disk. Do not touch the restore partition!

I suggest using Paragon Partition Manager 2010 Free Edition as having a good user interface. Otherwise you can use any other tool such as GParted.

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Thanks for the answer. But after I'd shrunk the partition with GParted, I was not able to do system restore on it for some reason. The only option I had was to do factory restore, which restored the whole HDD image. I'm afraid that your solution may lead to the same. –  Alex Che Dec 28 '09 at 10:29
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Yes, it certainly will lead to factory restore, but there's no other solution. I only ever found one partition manager that claimed to be able to move these Windows files, and it also destroyed my disk. The best try you can do is turn off the pagefile and system restore and clear the Recycle bin, defragment your disk so as to consolidate free space, and retry resizing. Please note that the Win7 Disk Manager is as good for resizing as any other product - if it can't do it then no other product will without destroying the disk. –  harrymc Dec 28 '09 at 10:52
    
Thanks, I'll try it. And sorry, my reputation is not enough to upvote your answer. –  Alex Che Dec 28 '09 at 11:41

I've been banging my head for several days in an attempt to shrink a Windows 7 primary partition that hosts the OS. The problem was a set of system files located in the middle of the partition that were excluded during the defragmentation process. Various attempts with several disk partitioning programs, some of which touted their ability to relocate all system files, succeeded in creating only more frustration.

The solution:

Turn off System Recovery. The files that would not relocate during defragmentation were created by that utility and contained all the restore points. When you turn off System Recovery, these files are deleted. Once deleted, Windows 7's Disk Management utility was able to shrink my 259GB C: partition to a bit over 40GB.

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Exactly how can System Recovery be turned off? –  Peter Mortensen 2 days ago

I would try EaseUS Partition manager. It's free for home use and usually does a better job at managing disks than the built-in Windows one. Also, you don't have to burn it to a disk.

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Thanks for the answer. But Easeus site says that free partition manager edition supports only 32-bit version of Windows 7, and I have 64-bit version. –  Alex Che Dec 28 '09 at 10:31
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Easus now supports 64 bit and it was very easy to re-size the partition. It runs in Windows and then will reboot and automatically shrink the partition when the computer is booting. It worked well for me. –  Brett Oct 2 '12 at 14:51

For a bitlocked drive I have successfully used the tool Raxco Perfect Disk 12 (evaluation version).

It contains a defragmentation tool with a 'shrink drive' profile. It can move many unmovable files on the fly. In my case, I needed to schedule it at boot anyway and it did the job. After that, I was able to shrink the drive from the Disk Management console in a standard way.

Advantages:

  • It worked despite the fact that my system drive was bitlocked. Bitlocker would prevent Linux tools I suppose.
  • It did not upset my bitlocker setup. Some tools that do mess with the boot sequence turn on bitlocker recovery mode.
  • It did not require disabling, uninstalling or removing any files.
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I would suggest you use Acronis True Image with Universal Restore. This will help you create image and write back that image to any size of partition or on different system also.

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GParted solved my problem! After struggling with unmovable files in the standard Windows Disk Manager I finally used GParted from the Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) live CD. It worked like a charm!

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protected by DMA57361 Mar 1 '11 at 8:20

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