The BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) is a UNIX operating system developed by University of California at Berkeley during the 70s and 80s.

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Compare list of files from a database using find to locate missing files

I have a list of 2000 files from a database that looks like this: ./aa/0f/unique-string/IMG_0987.JPG ./ab/cf/unique-string/IMG_0987.JPG I want to compare that list to the actual directory contents ...
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3answers
6k views

On OS X, why does sudo ls show hidden (dot) files?

With OS X Yosemite, using the following commands, I get the following: $ touch .a $ touch b $ /bin/ls b $ /bin/ls -A .a b $ sudo /bin/ls .a b It shows hidden files (that have names starting with ...
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1answer
31 views

Why can't I use my newly created user with chown?

So I am attempting to create a new user and group, and then change ownership of a directory to that new user/group. However, when I do, chown comes back with an "illegal user name" message. Here's a ...
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1answer
18 views

How can I make this SED command more portable?

I'm using the following sed command: cat version | sed -e 's/[0-9][0-9][0-9][0-9][0-9:M]*-[abp]/Ver\n/' Which normalizes like this: 4330M-p -> Ver<newline> This works fine with GNU ...
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49 views

Forcing *BSD to accept both IPv4 and IPv6 traffic on a single socket

I have tried a ton of stuff and keep coming up entirely empty handed. Allow me to frame the situation: I have a *BSD Jail setup in FreeNAS that runs a Plex Media Server (Plexpass). It has IPv6 ...
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0answers
17 views

BSD Packet Filter Redirect Internal traffic

I'm using OSX Yosemite with Packet Filter (BSD). Is there a way to redirect internal originating traffic (let's say from en1) to lo0 on a specific port for specific destinations? rdr from what I ...
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31 views

PF rule using return-rst on Mac OS X does not reply with TCP reset

I'm trying to add a simple PF rule: block return-rst out proto tcp from any to any port 33128 to filter all outgoing traffic to TCP port 33128, and I'd like it to respond with a reset. However, ...
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19 views

Erlang/OTP on DragonflyBSD

Does Erlang support DragonflyBSD? Any problems with install and work there? Your experience is much appreciated. I'm know nothing about erlang and less about dragon.
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1answer
55 views

Interactive search of tmux sessions

When switching between tmux sessions with the interactive session menu (<prefix>-s), you can jump to a specific session by typing the session's numeric or alphabetical index, e.g. (0) + ...
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2answers
47 views

How does an OS run before drivers are installed?

I am looking into hardware compatibility of BSD vs Linux vs Windows. One comment that keeps reoccurring is "check your hardware before installing any variant of BSD". This is also a (smaller) issue ...
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1answer
43 views

PC shutdown unexpectedly without blue screen

My PC is shutting down after few hours(?) without BSD, but keyboard lights, power LED, fans are running (it's not sleep mood or hibernating). To switch them off I have to switch off the UPS, holding ...
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139 views

Port forwarding outgoing request with PF

I'm trying to redirect all outgoing traffic from my local machine on port 843, to go to my local service on port 1234. So, when I make a request to e.g. 1.2.3.4:843, I want it to connect to ...
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123 views

Can't bood freebsd install

I have an amd64 architecture, three hard disks and grub2 in efi mode. FreeBSD is installed in the third disk using a gpt layout with another partition that doesn't contain an OS: partition 1 (NTFS) ...
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2answers
46 views

What is a better approach for ZFS?

I am making zpools on FreeBSD machine. While creating zpools I observe these two cases:- If I take raw disks and create zpool then I am able to form zpools and they are working perfectly. If I ...
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0answers
97 views

Can user-mode Linux be compiled and run on UNIX systems?

e.g. on NetBSD or Solaris? Or does it require exclusively Linux-specific system calls, virtual filesystems, etc.? Also, if it's currently limited to Linux, what changes would be required to port it ...
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2answers
94 views

Is there any Linux Distro based on BSD

I have hp probook 4530s. I have tried variety of OS on this but after using 10-15mins its screen flicks and the system hangs. Check the attached screenshot This screen flicks for all windows OSs, ...
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1answer
4k views

trying to install FreeBSD from a pen drive. Failed with error 19

I am trying to install FreeBSD from a pen drive. But it returns an error on boot. cd9660 :/dev/iso9660 error :/dev/iso9660/FREEBSD_INSTALL failed with error 19 and appears mountroot> command ...
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1answer
310 views

What's are the technical differences between “chmod -w file” and “chflags uchg file”

BSD/MacOS question. chmod -w file will remove all the write permissions from file chflags uchg file will set the user-immutable bit (aka "Locked" bit) on file Beyond the obvious statement of ...
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1answer
115 views

How do you determine if you're on a linux or BSD system inside a script?

I've got a rather extensive selection of dotfiles thats been kept in a git repo for the longest time - I just maintain a separate branch of code for bsd-isms (for instance, on Linux, to get colored ls ...
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1answer
9k views

Why do we use cp to copy files and not dd? (in unix-derivatives)

For normal file copying in *nix, I've only ever seen people use cp (eg. cp /mnt/mydevice/myfile ~/myfile), but I eventually ran into dd, which appears to do the exact same thing (dd ...
4
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1answer
479 views

FreeBSD compatibility layer on Linux

I am aware of Linux mode on FreeBSD, where Linux binaries can seamlessly be executed in FreeBSD. From the FreeBSD handbook: In effect, there is a Linux kernel in the FreeBSD kernel. The various ...
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1answer
301 views

Backup bootable USB flash in Mac OS X

I have a bootable USB. It runs Linux. The size of USB pen is 8Gb, and linux partitions take less than 200Mb. $ diskutil list /dev/disk0 #: TYPE NAME SIZE ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the BSD equivalent of Linux `netstat -lptun`?

In Linux, netstat -lptun gives a list of servers with the following details: protocol local and foreign address state PID and program name What is the command's equivalent in FreeBSD? Thanks.
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3answers
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Sudo su vs su linux

If I enter in the password to su when prompted, it doesnt work while sudo su does. Also, when a command is executed using sudo (command), does sudo automatically execute it by root by default (since ...
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1answer
166 views

Install linux/bsd on compact flash using USB connector

How do I install linux/bsd on compact flash with usb compact flash adapter. The compact flash will boot on single board x86 computer as an IDE drive, but I'm doing the install on a regular computer ...
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115 views

“bad magic number” during fresh OpenBSD installation to a USB stick

Trying to install OpenBSD 5.2 onto disk sd0 (2GB USB storage connected to the computer). Burned install52.iso as image to a CD, loaded it into CD drive, and booted off it. After selecting [W]hole ...
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1answer
225 views

Can I Install Ghost BSD on an NTFS partition?

I have installed ubuntu 12.10 on my laptop. And decided to check out Ghost BSD. Two of my drives are formatted using NTFS so that Windows installation can access. So i have prepared one of drives ...
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2answers
3k views

UTF-8 locale portability (and ssh)

I spend a lot of my time sshed into various machines, all of which are different (some are embedded, some run Linux, some run BSD, &c.). On my own local machines, however, i use OS X, which of ...
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1answer
212 views

Any Unix with Windows XP like fonts?

I'd like to try a Linux- or BSD-based OS on my desktop. But all distros I've seen so far have fonts that feel unnatural after Windows XP. Could you recommend a distributive or a way to make them like ...
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1answer
1k views

update file in tar

for Linux tar command: tar uf test.tar test.txt but for *BSD bsdtar command option u = r = append,that is can't update file ,only can append file and also ,I try compiled libarchive , proved ...
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1answer
146 views

What value do I pass to `xrandr --output`?

I wish to add a new modeline using xrandr, however when I want to switch to the new modeline, I am asked to provide --output. The manual page doesn't explain where I can get my options from. So how ...
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3answers
1k views

Is there a command line calendar calculator?

Is there a command line calendar calculation which provides these features? Date (plus|minus) date interval calculation User specified input and output format
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1answer
231 views

ZFS & Deduplicating FLAC Data

I'm experimenting with using ZFS to deduplicate a large library of FLAC files. The purpose of this is twofold: Reduce storage utilization Reduce bandwidth needed to sync the library with cloud ...
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1answer
822 views

NetBSD as VMware workstation guest: `startx` hangs and maxes all CPUs utilization

I am using VMware workstation 8. I have attempted to install and run NetBSD 5.1.2 and 6.0. Installations all went OK and the system was usable until I install a window manager. After installed xfce4, ...
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1answer
226 views

Running telnet standalone - possible? [closed]

So, this is what I want to do: there is a local non-superuser and it can upload the file into /tmp. Using this account, I download a telnet server package equivalent to what is already installed. I ...
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2answers
1k views

FreeBSD password file

What would be FreeBSD password file equivalent of linux /etc/shadow and /etc/passwd? Is it the same? According to what I heard /etc/passwd exists in FreeBSD, but not sure in case of /etc/shadow.
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1answer
35 views

Where is CVS setting(config) located at in FreeBSD usually?

Where would the CVS pserver setting(config) be located at in FreeBSD usually? I am trying, trying to hunt for the location of the setting(config) file with no results...
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151 views

mod_python won't “./configure” on BSD

I'm trying to install mod_python 3.3.1 on Apache 2.4.3 and whenever I try to run ./configure (with apxs etc) and instead of configuring correctly, it says that Apache 2.x is required and my current ...
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1answer
2k views

How to connect to Cisco W3550 with FreeBSD

There is a pfsense 2.0.1 (FreeBSD) and the command cu for access to the serial console, there is a Cisco W3550 attached but I can't get a connection. I try following Command: cu /dev/cuau0 -speed ...
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1answer
2k views

No interfaces defined in new Linux installs after installing BSD

A few months back, I attempted an install of PCBSD on my laptop (EDIT: Thinkpad T420). Before installation, my partitions consisted of /swap, /, and /home for an Arch Linux install, and one ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the reason for rmdir(1) and rm(1) to co-exist?

I use BSD and Linux every day, I have never had a circumstance which I must use rmdir(1) rather than rm(1). What's the purpose of rmdir's existence?
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4answers
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Is it possible to run a Linux / BSD app on a mac?

I don't care if I have to add libraries or build whatever on my end. I'm just hoping since OS X has the foundations of Unix that there's some way to run a Linux or BSD client. Specifically, we need ...
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2answers
1k views

What BSD is the most friendly to a laptop? [closed]

Don't get me wrong here, I'm just probing opinions. I'd like to try BSD on my laptop, to learn more, to have fun with:) I'm currently choosing between NetBSD and OpenBSD, just a whim. What I'm ...
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2answers
144 views

Does using GMAKE, no longer make it possible to license my software under BSD? [closed]

If I create from scratch a software tool, but I want to use GMAKE (vs FreeBSD "make") to build my tool from source, does using GMAKE prevent me from license my tool under a BSD license since my tool ...
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1answer
886 views

ssh terminal session times out, how can this be changed

It seems after about 5 minutes an inactive ssh session is terminated. The server is Ubuntu. How can I change this?
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283 views

Questions about installing BSD on a *technically* external HDD

A little bit of background: 1) I have a 160 GB hard drive from a netbook 2) I also have a SATA->USB enclosure that the drive fits in perfectly Now, I'd like to install some flavor of BSD (probably ...
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1answer
2k views

How much BSD is in OSX Lion? [closed]

OSX is commonly seen as the graphical shell on top of BSD. Lately, it seems as though Apple is adding more and more to 'core' OS functionality (sandboxing, versioning). Is there a steady progression ...
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2answers
399 views

Why doesn't ls -lh show the total size of all the files and directories in each directory?

For example, it shows the kernel as being 18M but the Applications folder as being 3.8K BSD/Darwin
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3answers
265 views

compare cygwin to bsd

I have a Windows 7 laptop and I need UNIX/LINUX for an application. I have run across Cygwin which creates a UNIX 'shell' so that you can run software that requires this on your PC. One of the ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Linux distribution with preference for permissive licenses

Is there a Linux distribution with a preference for permissive free software licenses (such as the BSD license), or, in other words, for avoiding GPL and other copyleft licenses? I do know about the ...