chmod (short for change mode) is a Linux / Unix command used to change permissions of files and directories.

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How to correctly set writable the /var/www/ directory of an Ubuntu Linux system?

I am a software developer so I am not so into operating system configuration details and I have the following problem. I have installed a LAMP environment of an Ubuntu Linux system dedicated to the ...
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60 views

chown not working on ext4 hard drive

I have a new 3TB internal hard drive and after writing some data to it I completely zero'd the drive using DD. I then created a partition table (GPT) in Gparted and created an ext4 partition. All went ...
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41 views

How can I skip mounted directories with chmod?

chown supports a -x option to ignore file system mount points. Is there an equivalent for chmod?
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280 views

I broke SSH by using chmod on an EC2 Instance — How do I correct?

I have been running an Amazon EC2 Instance for a while, and recently accidentally changed permissions/ownership on folders recursively. I can no longer SSH into the instance. I do not recall what the ...
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44 views

Granting full rights on all files (owned by su) within certain directory

I got some trouble with a server situation, where i keep some configuration files in a sub-directory of a web project. Using my superuser account, i make changes to these files, which NetBeans commits ...
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531 views

CentOS $chmod a+w /etc/sudoers command not found

I am very new to CentOS and I am trying to edit my sudoers file. First I am told to run the following: $chmod a+w /etc/sudoers and right away I hit an error: bash: a+w: command not found What ...
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144 views

Permissions of files/directories in Unix

It appears that each file/directory has a given set of permissions shown by the 10 characters to the far left of each listing if one were to type into the terminal ls -l Considering that you can ...
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4k views

cannot create directory. permission denied. but i have permission

i'm fairly new to linux, and ran ubuntu the other day. it is running dual boot with windwos 8. now, the problem is, even though i log in as root and give a specific folder ALL PERMISSIONS (#chmod 777 ...
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159 views

Shared hosting, stop user deleting .html file?

Hi guys I have set up a small shared hosting set up for friends. I have set the file chmod permissions to chmod 711 /home chmod 711 /home/testuser chmod 755 /home/testuser/public_html chmod o+r ...
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433 views

What do these chmod parameters mean?

What changes are being applied by u+s,o-rwx in the below? chmod u+s,o-rwx myUserGroup myFile
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Chmod 644 on /etc/ any way to fix?

I tried to tab complete something and I guess it wasnt there. I know you are not supposed to set the permissions to /etc/ like that, but my permissions seem to be all messed up. whoami prints out ...
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380 views

Why is group write permission ignored in Ubuntu?

I want my user to have full access to the local Apache root folder, and I also want the Apache user to have full access to the same folder. What I did was create a new group called DevGroup and I ...
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what do these permissions mean?

I did chmod on some files in Mac 10.7.3 and I accidentally entered the code 7744 instead of 744. The resulting permissions were: -rwsr-Sr-T After seeing this I reran chmod and fixed the ...
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3k views

Group permissions for apache

I've run into a problem with Joomla. . . it cant create new folders through the Admin UI. It's a standard permissions error. I've been told to chmod all of the folders in the site to 777. Is ...
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203 views

How do I give an admin user full rights to all home folders?

What is a good permission scheme for this scenario? user administrator (from administrator group) has full access (read/write/execute) to /home folder any other user (from users group, example: ...
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881 views

chmod on /System/Library/ in Mac Snow Leopard - Now Cannot Open Terminal

I was trying to run a command to fix a different issue, but when I cut and pasted the string there was a space in it and this is what was run: sudo chmod 000 /System/Library/ Now when I try to open ...
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531 views

CentOS chmod overiding set-group-ID?

I'm used to setting up SGID on a directory chmod -R g+s example and then chmdo -R 750 example And have the directory and all sub-directories preserve the set-group-ID. On CentOS SGID gets ...
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108 views

changed directory permissions of

So, I was changing some file permissions using gFTP, and somehow I managed to set the permissions of .. (idk how, last time I use gFTP) The problem is I was working in the highest directory I could ...
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tree will not descend into directories

I just unpacked a tar file with a folder in it. I did a tree -F and saw asterisks popping everywhere. All of the files (even png, txt, etc) were marked as executable. So I did what any sensible human ...
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122 views

Is it possible to disable chmod/chown from sudoers for these specific directories /usr and /etc?

There has been two occasions where I have accidentally chmod-ized 777 the whole direcotry of /etc and it has forced me to come to the decision that I'd be better off to do fresh installation of OS ...
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26 views

Under what circumstances can I not make a file world readble on linux

I'm trying to set some files world readable sudo chmod 664 *.ogg however the files still have permission -rw-rw---- after the operation. These are phone calls recorded from Asterisk - if that ...
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34 views

OpenVPN CA Certificate creation error

When doing ./build-ca I'm getting a weird error and I cant find any information about it, been stuck with this error for hours. I'm doing it as SU and SUDO and neither work. This is the error I'm ...
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What should I do to secure, chmodly wise, my server?

I want to let my friend access my server so he can host his website. Let's call him Joris. # useradd joris note that I'm Debian. So now a /home/joris has been created. This is cool and all. BUT. He ...
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707 views

How should chmod and chown be used together?

I recently sold my mac, and before doing so I put its files on an external HDD. Now I'm using Linux to move those files to a larger HDD, but some folders still retained some residual mac permissions, ...
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101 views

Can chmod 777 ubituitously replace the need for chown ?

Its clear to me that the chmod 777 command will make any file, theoretically, accessible/readable/writeable/executable/ by any user. But are there instances where, even with a world ...
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33 views

how to display I/O file on shell

I am writing shell script and I need to display my output at the same time however it doesn't work with 2> somefile.txt and if I do | tee -a somefilel it will not overwrite which I need to . <> ...
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245 views

What unix permissions do I need?

I have a directory that hangs off root: /data/my/folder/here/ and /data/my/folder/herealso/ I wish all users to be able to write files to the here and herealso directories. But limit (as much as ...
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1k views

How to open a file with write access on OSX terminal?

I am trying to open private/etc/php.ini.default file to add detect_unicode = Off. But after opening above file with this command vim php.ini.default, it only opens this file as readonly. How can I ...
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399 views

Change owner of file without being root

I suggest that I have a log file with 666 permission and its owner is alice. So user 'bob' can change its owner by this: cp log log.temp; rm log; mv log.temp log So how can I fix this risk?
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143 views

Does “chmod -R 700 directory_1” update directories pointed by softlinks?

Does "chmod -R 700 directory_1" update directories under softlinks? Forexample, there is a softlink under directory_1 folder: "my_softlink". And my_softlink points to a directory_2. Will permissions ...
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293 views

Give the www user chmod permissions

Ive got a website (run on Ubuntu Server) that needs to modify and delete files, every now and again it comes across a file that it needs to run "chmod" on in order to perform it's operations. However ...
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833 views

No permission for ls drwx--x--x

Is there any way to see a tree of directories with a chmod of drwx--x--x ? I know I can manually check by bash script with if [ -d dirname ]. However it is not the solution I am looking for. Cheers!
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167 views

linux chmod causing crash

I needed to give write permission to file representing GPIO pins,out of curiosity i taught changing permissions of all files/folders,by mistake instead of doing chmod 755 * in the root I did chmod ...
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434 views

Server error 500 due to file permission

I just installed apache/php5 on ubuntu.When trying to access folders in localhost (via the browser) i got a permission denied page.I tryed to chmod for the files to 755 -R and now i got a 500 ...
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How to do an ls as if you were in the group 'other'?

In a linux system, I've done a chmod o+r -R mydir/ and I want to check that users in the 'o' group are able to read the contents of mydir. How can I do an 'ls mydir' as if I were a user in the other ...
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467 views

a graphic utility in windows to change folder/file permissions like chmod in linux

i want to make a folder available for upload to users. i have to make this folder as 777 file permissions Is there any graphic based software to accomplish this task ?
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25 views

Homedir inside homedir restricted access

On my VPS i've installed debian, apache+php. I have 2 users: foo and bar. Apache is configured to execute php files from /home/foo/htdocs. I created dir: /home/foo/htdocs/bar/ and made it home ...
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2k views

Can't change owner/group to root:wheel on certain stubborn files

SOLVED: Turns out at one point while trying to copy files over to the thumb drive it must not have been mounted by OS X, and since I was root, it made the same mount point directory and copied into ...
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4k views

Samba shared folder and permissions (CentOS 5.5)

I have set up a samba shared folder /shared I have created 2 users Jack and Jill, and they are part of the Developers group. Developers have read write and execute permissions on the /shared ...
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used chmod wrongly to mess up copy rights. How to correct

I ran a chmod command like chmod 644 dir/* It seems to have worked for files in this directory, but files in all other sub-directories are now in some limbo state. ls -l dir/sub-dir shows: ...
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23 views

Converting these chmod commands to cacls?

Perhaps someone could help me. I'd like to convert the following chmod commands to use on Windows 7 but my understanding is lacking. /bin/chmod -R u+w,go-w,a+r somedirectory /bin/chmod a+x ...
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World writable sudoers, no root password set

I have Kubuntu 14.04 installed on USB flash drive. Yesterday by accident I did chmod 777 /etc/sudoers. Now I can't set it back to 0440, because I get an error something along the lines of 'File is ...
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63 views

DD-WRT: /tmp folder permissions

After making a simple hello world OpenWRT package I installed it to the /tmp folder on the dd-wrt device. The program shows up in ls /tmp but when I try to execute it, it shows me /tmp/helloworld: ...
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Mounted Share from TerraStation file server - can't change file or directory permissions

I am trying to delete files from the TerraStation share in a subdirectory. These are marked by TS as having permissions issues. Through a terminal window (Mac, OS 10.10, CentOS) I su then cd to ...
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52 views

change permissions for only one user in Apache-managed directory

Ok, this may look like it might be an Apache or an Owncloud question, but I think the way I want to try and solve the problem is a more generic one: On a Mythbuntu 14.04 server box, I have Apache ...
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571 views

Cannot change directory into home directory, although permissions are set correct

I guess I need some help from an advanced Unix user... On a Ubuntu System I did something stupid. I typed sudo chmod 774 .* or the like, in a subfolder of my home folder and then I suddenly could not ...
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chgrp and chmod not working in cygwin (windows 8)

I work in "C:\Users\leyou.ssh" I need to chmod id_rsa to 600 as it's currently 644, but it has no effect. Hence I tried "chgrp Users id_rsa" but it doesn't work neither and the group remains as ...
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cygwin's chmod behaves as working, but it does not work

My Cygwin installation is behaving strangely: chmod does not work. [09:45 Administrator@DellIns14 ~] > ls -ls /usr/bin/chmod 64K -rwxr-xr-x 1 Administrator None 38K Feb 6 2012 /usr/bin/chmod ...
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I am unable to change permissions of files in my home directory(NIS)

I am unable to change permissions of files in my home directory. For example: Here /home/user1 is the home directory of the NIS user which is mounted from netapp filer. user1@localhost ~ $ pwd ...
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130 views

How do I do undo chmod /usr/bin

For some reason I was messing around and did chmod -x /usr/bin/* (no idea what I was thinking) Is there a way to fix this, because at the moment nothing is executable