Computer architecture refers to various aspects of computer system designs which can affect compatibility, performance, and interfacing. Some issues related to computer architecture can be processor word size, memory bus size, or protocol implementation.

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Learning about BIOS memory, instructions and code origins

I'm learning about the BIOS and have a few questions. What is meant by, "This is the last 16 bytes of memory at the end of the first megabyte of memory"? The first instruction of BIOS is jump, which ...
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Does my motherboard support dual-core processors?

Hi there! I'm very confused about my motherboard (ConRoe945PL-GLAN) It's manual says, that i can use only some kind of ConRoe processors. But some pages on internet says that i can plug in almost ...
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What is the common ground for i7 processors? [closed]

If you see this page, you would see that there are "5 specifications of i7 processors" (is the terminology correct?). They are all i7. What is the common ground among all these processors? I know ...
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Why are there so many pins on a sata power connector?

I was just looking at the power connector for a SATA optical drive, and noticed that it had fifteen pins! I then marveled at the data connector next to it, which has a measly seven pins. I know that ...
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How can I determine if the current version of Windows is either 32-bit or 64-bit from the command line? [duplicate]

What's the command line to find out if the OS is running a 32-bit version or 64-bit of Windows?
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What is the maximum addressable memory?

I just started learning assembly. My laptop specification says: Microprocessor: Intel Core Duo processor T2300 Microprocessor Cache: 2MB L2 Cache Memory Max: 2048MB Memory: ...
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PCI max throughput

Hypothetical here, but I want to understand. Say I have a hand me down machine, 4 PCI slots, 64-bit 33 MHz PCI. How much data can that PCI bus handle? System bus is 133 MHz. I want to use one ...
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What is the maximum amount of ram a 64bit machine can theoretically address?

I'm reading through my computer architecture book and I see that in an x86, 32bit CPU, the program counter is 32 bit. So, the number of bytes it can address is 2^32 bytes, or 4GB. So it makes sense ...
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32-bit vs. 64-bit systems

What are the differences between 32-bit and 64-bit systems? If you have used both of them, what kind of sharp differences have you experienced? Would it be a problem to use 32-bit programs on ...
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How can I enable PAE on Windows 7 (32-bit) to support more than 3.5 GB of RAM?

I know that Windows XP 32-bit can be configured, through PAE, to support more than 3.5 GB of RAM. Is there a good tutorial to do this with Windows 7 32-bit? As to why I don't simply use 64-bit ...
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How does the CPU write infomation to ram?

My question is, how does the CPU write data to ram? From what I understand, modern CPU's use different levels of cache to speed up ram access. The RAM gets a command for information and then sends a ...
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What are “Instructions per Cycle”?

I've been learning a little bit more about how processors work, but I haven't been able to find a straight answer about instructions per cycle. For instance, I was under the impression that a four ...
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How does xeon differ from regular processors?

Yes I know that Xeons are meant for server use, require different motherboards and you can have more than one of them in a box. But technically how is a Xeon processor itself different from a regular ...