CPU Architecture refers to a collection of parameters about the design of CPU realized by its manufacturer, such as: its bit-ness or data bus width (16, 32, 64 bits) , Instruction Set (RISC, CISC,...), Memory Management, Threading, Virtualization support, etc

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How many registers does Intel® Core™ i7-3770T Processor have?

I've been looking at this website: http://ark.intel.com/products/65525/Intel-Core-i7-3770T-Processor-8M-Cache-up-to-3_70-GHz But I can't figure out the number of registers.
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Are there CPUs with true shared memory? [closed]

I work on parallel algorithms and want to validate certain theoretic claims by runtime experiments. As it turns out, most (?) modern multicore CPUs use NUMA which inherently breaks many models to the ...
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where does Kernel reside on a multi-core system

Suppose I have a multi-core system, say 4 cores, and in this I pin 3 user process to a 3 CPU's. In such a case, where will the kernel reside? Suppose one of the user process make a system call, or ...
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Why are newer generations of processors faster at the same clock speed?

Why, for example, would a 2.66 GHz dual-core Core i5 be faster than a 2.66 GHz Core 2 Duo, which is also dual-core? Is this because of newer instructions that can process information in fewer clock ...
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1answer
143 views

When a thread is created, how is the initial context determined? [closed]

How is a thread's initial context (registers state) determined on thread creation? For example: Current thread context eax=0x4, ebx=0x9000, ecx=0xfff, etc... Create a thread is called to begin ...
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81 views

Instruction assignment with multiple CPUs

Maybe this is a stupid question but I am trying to gain a better understanding of hardware inner workings... If a machine has two or more CPUs, which hardware component is actually responsible for ...
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CPU and Motherboard clock speeds

I have been doing some reading about CPU clock speeds and how CPU clock speeds are calculated. After reading several articles, I have come to the understanding that your CPU clock speed is determined ...
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4answers
4k views

How can I find a list of all SSE instructions? What happens if a CPU doesn't support SSE?

So I've been reading about how processors work. Now I'm on the instructions (SSE, SSE2, etc) stuff. (Which is pretty interesting). I have lot of questions (I've been reading this stuff on Wikipedia): ...
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Using UEFI to access CPU features which are locked in BIOS

I have Dell Latitude E6420 with SandyBridge i5-2520M and standard issue Dell BIOS (version A15). In certain situations computer produces annoying high-pitched noise (it is not loud but it is ...
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1answer
105 views

Requirements to change a 32-bit CPU with a 64-bit CPU [closed]

I want change my 32-bit Athlon with a 64-bit Phenom. Do I need to change my OS (32-bit Windows 7) as well?
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Is little-endian still faster on Intel processors or it does not matter if I parse big-endian on intel? [closed]

It used to be in past architectures. Is it still the case? I am reading from the network into byte buffers in Java. Basically, will read bytes on Intel using big-endian instead of little-endian ...
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529 views

Core i3 3220 for gaming [closed]

Since the Core i3 3220 has Hyper-Threading, will games like Battlefield 3 see and use the CPU as a virtual "quad core" rather than just 2 physical cores, so that AI and other features in the game run ...
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958 views

Direct Memory Access(DMA) controllers for intel

Does intel in it's current generation of processors provide any Direct Memory Access(DMA) controllers? If yes is it built into the chip? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_memory_access
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1answer
943 views

Understanding the nop byte(s)

Ok, so I was reading through the AMD64 manuels and knowing that nop is really an xchg eax, eax, I looked at the xchg and found something interesting, that it seems a byte can be encoded into the ...
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1answer
437 views

“nop; jmp short” vs. “jmp short; nop”

Ok, first let me get this straight: This is not about micro optimization. But, I know in bootloaders on the partition, a lot use the jmp short; nop coding. But it is to my understanding that the less ...
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3answers
275 views

Hardware. What is the difference between a port and a bank?

Especially, these days, the distinction between them is very confusing.. For example, NVidia's shared memory is 32-banked, so what they say is in one cycle, 32 data can come out at the same time... ...
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3answers
105 views

How to count the approximate number of Intel-compatible binaries/programs on a computer running OS X Lion, and time that count?

For an approximate count — and to get an idea of the time taken to count — I began with a multi-line command that could run in tcsh. I'm not a plumbing expert, so I invite answers that are better ...
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2answers
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What`s the difference between Intel 64 and AMD64?

Can someone explain if there is any difference between the intel64 and amd64 architectures?
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1answer
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VMWare on Intel i7-2600[S/K]: VM processor configuration for maximum performance

I have an Intel i7-2600K-processor, which has 4 cores but runs 8 thread because of Hyperthreading. I want to run a Ubuntu-VM with maximum performance under VMWare 8 (host system is Windows 7, and is ...
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1answer
153 views

i7-9XX vs i7-2XXX

It seems that the "older?" i7-9XX series processors are still quite common in new systems. Is there an advantage to these CPUs over the newer Sandy Bridge i7-2XXX series that is making them ...
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3answers
703 views

Will a new processor with slower clockspeed run legacy applications faster?

I'm using Linux and have an old P4 with about 3 GHz clock speed. Will a newer chip that had slower clock speed run my legacy applications faster or slower? I only use one application at a time, an ...
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Does the 6502 put FF in the stack pointer register as soon as it gets power for the first time?

I'm reading about the 6502 processor's instruction set from the many links at 6502.org, and one tutorial states: The stack pointer (S) points to a byte on Page 1, that is, to a byte whose address ...
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3answers
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Why can't Windows 7 be installed on a ARM processor based system?

Today I was reading some news(1, 2, 3, 4) about Microsoft Windows 8 and saw that one of the new features is that it can run over a ARM processor based system. This make me wondering the reasons that ...
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3answers
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What do the terms “asynchronous” and “synchronous” mean, with respect to the definition of an interrupt?

Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interrupt: an interrupt is an asynchronous signal indicating the need for attention or a synchronous event in software indicating the need for a change ...
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What's the main difference between Intel processor generations?

What are the main differences between each processor generation of Intel processors/chipsets? Is there a performance difference? I've already seen processors from first to sixth generation, however I ...
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1answer
555 views

Intel's AES-NI performance: Isn't the hard drive the bottleneck?

Will I see a performance gain with AES-NI using dm-crypt/LUKS for hard drive system encryption? Isn't the hard drive the bottleneck even without hardware acceleration?
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3answers
194 views

how to find machine architecture and OS capability

When I run command 'uname-a' on my linux machine ...the result is 'i686' . My OS is Fedora14 . what does that i686 means ? is it 64bit architecture of CPU , or does it indicates my OS capability ...
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2answers
213 views

What's the difference between the graphics capabilities in Sandy Bridge and an accelerated graphics card? [closed]

I've been reading that the big news with Sandy Bridge processors is that they can process video much faster. Does this mean that we no longer need accelerated graphics cards that can do this? Are we ...
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3answers
652 views

“Processor register” and “IO register”

I was wondering if processor registers and IO registers are the same concept? Are they registers in CPU or in some IO devices? I picked up IO registers from this Super User question.
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6answers
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How does a CPU 'know' what commands and instructions actually mean?

How does a processor 'know' what the different commands mean? I'm thinking of assembly level commands like MOV, PUSH, CALL, etc...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of dual core vs. dual cpus?

What is the difference between multiple CPU processors (ie: Pentium D) and multicore processors (ie: Core 2 duo)?
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0answers
222 views

How to tell if an EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Quick way to tell if an installed application is 64-bit or 32-bit What's the easiest way to know if a Windows EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit?
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64 bit Operating System?

What we are getting if someone says "my machine is 64-bit computer" . What is the difference between 64-bit computer (I mean the CPU architecture) and operating system (Windows 64-bit OS). Please ...
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3answers
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How is bit number of register determined?

Is it true registers are 32-bit in x86 and 64-bit in x86-64?
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2answers
912 views

What are the benefits of stacked/on chip memory?

I am trying to find some reference materials to write up something about stacked memory's future. I take this to mean memory that is stacked on the processing chip that allows to faster access time, ...
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7answers
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Why does the heat production increase as the clockrate of a CPU increases?

The whole multi-core debate got me thinking. It's much easier to produce two cores (in one package) then speeding up one core by a factor of two. Why exactly is this? I googled a bit, but found ...
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10answers
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How can I determine if the current version of Windows is either 32-bit or 64-bit from the command line? [duplicate]

What's the command line to find out if the OS is running a 32-bit version or 64-bit of Windows?
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3answers
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Which Windows 7 Version (32 bit or 64 bit) should I install on a new MacBook Pro with 4 GB of RAM?

I have just bought a brand new MacBook Pro with 4 GB RAM, and was wondering which Windows 7 version 32 bit or 64 bit I should install with BootCamp, in order to do Visual Studio development? Is ...
170
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19answers
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32-bit vs. 64-bit systems

What are the differences between 32-bit and 64-bit systems? If you have used both of them, what kind of sharp differences have you experienced? Would it be a problem to use 32-bit programs on ...
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9answers
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How can I enable PAE on Windows 7 (32-bit) to support more than 3.5 GB of RAM?

I know that Windows XP 32-bit can be configured, through PAE, to support more than 3.5 GB of RAM. Is there a good tutorial to do this with Windows 7 32-bit? As to why I don't simply use 64-bit ...
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4answers
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Is my i7 920 Intel processor considered ia64 or x64?

Is my i7 920 Intel processor considered ia64 or x64?