A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

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Encrypt distant server (file-system) using CPanel/WHM

I want to encrypt my distant CentOS server (whole filesystem encryption). CPanel & WHM are installed on it, can I use them to turn my server encrypted ? Thank you
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Why isn't ownership preserved with “rsync -a” on my Mac?

I am copying files from an internal disk to an external one attached by USB (both are formatted as Mac OS Extended (Journaled)): root# rsync -avi /Volumes/int_hd/ /Volumes/ext_hd/ All directories ...
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Win 8.1: Made new VHDs/ TXTs & copied to D partition of another machine, on booting C off 2nd machine, files not visible?

Win 8.1: Made new VHDs/ TXTs & copied to D partition of another machine, on booting C off 2nd machine, files not visible? This is plain weird. How and Why? PS: I check Security tab and it ...
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When moving multiple files in windows, when does it change the reference and when does it actually move the files?

I've noticed this inconsistent behavior: Sometimes when moving multiple files, it would execute immediately, and other times, it would take some time and display a progress bar. How can you know in ...
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1answer
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Unprocessed orphan inode list in VirtualBox VM

Recently while using my VirtualBox VM, the system crashed. Afterwords, the VM would no longer boot (I am using Vagrant). In my troubleshooting, I turned on the VirtualBox GUI and found that the ...
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Can someone clarify how the windows file system works?

For all (recent) versions of windows, this has confused me and I hoped windows 10 would simplify it, but to no avail. Anyway, when one opens the windows (10) file explorer, they see "This PC" as ...
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Cannot remove file from Linux filesystem

I have this file and I cannot get it removed from the filesystem: [root@ad Windows10]# ls -las total 16 8 drwxrwx---+ 2 root root 4096 Jul 30 10:19 . 8 drwxrwx---+ 12 3000024 users 4096 Jul 30 ...
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1answer
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Windows using SMB shared from Linux + moving a hard link: what happens?

I have a linux file server which may have this example directory structure: /path/to/directoryA/file1.dat /path/to/some/common/place/data/file1.dat These files are hard-links of each other (i.e. ...
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Is there a way to change file/folder ownership on a server in Ubuntu/Kali-Linux?

I accidentally changed file ownership of a folder in Windows 7 and now nobody can edit, copy, view, move it, etc. Not even the administrator account account can change it back. I tried icacls and ...
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1answer
349 views

HDD naming in Linux?

Does Linux attempt to give a drive the same letter each time? For example, if was to connect two drives to my computer, then disconnect them and reconnect them in reverse order would sdb and sdc ...
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Is there a networked filesystem for Windows that doesn't suck? [closed]

SMB / Samba is, shall we say, neither robust nor high performance. By comparison, NFS4 is reasonably OK. But the NFS client for Windows disappeared a few versions back, and is only available with the ...
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Add up multiple disks into single storage, replace disk without destroying data

Suppose I have a 1TB disk and a 2TB disk. If I want to use it as a single 3TB disk, there seems to be two solutions on Windows 8. Dynamic Disk in Disk Management Storage Spaces, Simple layout But ...
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1answer
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How to delete all files in fdupes -rd instance?

I run fdupes -rd /home/masi/Documents/ I get files from my old editor (TexPad of OSX) in many folders which I do not need: [1] /home/masi/Documents/.texpadtmp/pirkanmaa.out [2] ...
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To store wanted duplicates to fdupes locally and system-wide

I found today a great commandline tool fdupes which I describe here in Wiki page. You see that I have 2664 duplicates where some are wanted ones. I would like that the program remembers which files ...
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what is the best practice for file server setup? [closed]

what is the best practice for file server setup ? I am planning to build a home file server that has 25 4T HHDs. I would like to have some suggestions for Hard ware configuration I am looking for ...
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2answers
55 views

Fastest Linux filesystem for /tmp?

What's the fastest filesystem (and/or filesystem options) for a drive where I don't care about whether the data survives a crash or power-off, such as /tmp? The data is a few hundred gigabytes so ...
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22 views

Recovering a deleted 128-bit encrypted .dmg file

I need to recover a recently deleted 15 GB .dmg file, which was deleted from a drive which is otherwise not in use. It should be easy to recover, but neither Data Rescue 3 nor Disk drill seem to find ...
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Remove the “Copy This File Without Encryption” confirmation box

I have a Windows EFS drive, and an unencrypted USB, and a TrueCrypt virtual drive (on the USB). When I copy files from the HDD to the USB or the virtual drive, I get a Windows confirmation box warning ...
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21 views

Partition recovery

During a fresh installation, I accidentally formatted a disk containing datas. I tried using testdisk to recover the erased partition, but , it only detects the new one. With the deeper search mode, ...
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1answer
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Linux: Can I safely delete /sys/keynal/debug/hid folders?

I use Linux Mint's Backup Tool to make a backup of my all disk. During backup process, the tool freezes very often when checking (before copying) /sys/keynal/debug/hid/0003:413C:2106.0001/events Can ...
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1answer
20 views

CentOS filesystem mount

I have set up a CentOS server and am administering it using Webmin. (I know webmin is generally frowned upon, but it is how I was taught to work on Linux and I only know basic ssh) The root drive ...
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Thumb Drive Loses Files

I have a thumb drive - a Lexar JumpDrive FireFly 2GB - that will lose 50-80% of the files every now and again. It is formatted as FAT32 using "Quick Format" option. I usually use it between Windows ...
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windows 7 ultimate x64 bit unable to save or browse files

i have this problem where i can't open or save files. any application that saves or browse files wont save or browse files. For example, in microsoft word, if i click save as, a windows explorer would ...
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1answer
25 views

What does fsck mean with “Filesystem has n clusters but only space for n-m FAT entries. (m>0)”?

I started a long time copy action onto my external HD. I went away, and somehow the energy saving mechanism must have realized that the user was idle and suspended the machine. (BTW, what exactly is ...
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Why the dump of my linux FS is ten times smaller than FS?

On a linux pc, Linux Mint 17+, I dump my whole disk ("/", level 0), with the following terminal command : # dump -0f /media/testuser/usbdiskblue/backup_2015MMJJ / I get a 6,3Gb file result. ...
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1answer
33 views

Infinitely deep folder without symlinks in ext4

It seems like I can find an infinite number of /pl/locale subfolders in this ext4 partition, yet none of them are symlinks. Where is the loop? $ ls -ld ...
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union-mount file system that actually deletes from all layers

Here's my use-case: I have roughly a dozen machines loosely clustered together, each with a few hundred GB partition that's currently not used. I would like to make a scratch partition so that users ...
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1answer
29 views

Preserving permission when saving from linux to NTFS filesystem

Today I was devastated to see that a software project that I had backed up in my external HDD was almost completely ruined because the execution (and other permissions) where "reset" because the ...
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2answers
26 views

When are bs and count settings for dd wrong?

(By wrong I mean "will break things".) Suppose we're about to use dd. We've chosen a valid set of if, of, and possibly seek and skip. We've carefully ensured that the command will not write past our ...
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How do I efficiently redistribute massive amounts of data spread across multiple drives with almost no space on them?

My problem is simple but severe. I have a huge amount of data (many files in many folders) on multiple drives (4 external HDD). Each drive is at least 1TB in size and the overall size of this "pool" ...
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1answer
38 views

Is mounting a filesystem as read-only enough to prevent FS/data corruption in case of power loss?

I have a home-made HTPC setup. I often plug and unplug USB drives on it (be it HDD/SSD or USB memory stick). I was wondering whether just unplugging these drives without umounting them first would be ...
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Windows File is ludicrously huge and I cannot unzip it

I use an online file backup service (Backblaze) and recently got a new computer. Several files on my old computer were too large to move via my usb drive so I decided to download them from my backup ...
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1answer
31 views

Did I accidentally corrupt the filesystem using VIM and Netrw?

I am using Mac OS X. I accidentally did the following: vim /path/to/directory I meant to open a file, but instead I opened a directory. VIM was excessively helpful, so it opened Netrw. I did not ...
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Does this idea of a distributed filesystem already exists?

I have two laptops and two desktops, and keeping their files in sync is getting frustrating. I have an idea of what would make me happy but, before I code it myself, I decided to ask if this already ...
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1answer
67 views

Got a new hard drive and would like to setup file system [closed]

I just finished assembling a new computer. I installed Windows 7 on my 250GB SSD, and everything is working fine. I've now plugged a 1TB HDD, and formatted it to allow windows to place files on it. ...
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How to apply a snapshot of root filesystem which is BTRFS?

I have a snapshot of the root filesystem. The following is the output of my btrfs subvolume list / command : ID 257 gen 90 top level 5 path root ID 258 gen 91 top level 5 path home ID 263 gen 44 top ...
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1answer
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How to add an additional drive to an existing ZFS RAIDZ-1 in Proxmox?

I've a ZFS installation in Proxmox, in particular a RAIDZ-1 file system, for testing purposes (before going on production with this setup) I've added a new drive to the machine, but I'm blocked on ...
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Software for easy detection and storing name of the process, that created file or folder?

Is there any program that can show me in Windows Explorer what process has created some folders or files? It would be great to see not only file name, size, modification date and etc. but also name of ...
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1answer
39 views

What exactly is a Linux filesystem? [closed]

I am having trouble understanding exactly what a Linux filesystem is. I understand it is the "directory" of files and folders located on the system: like /bin, /sbin, /etc, /opt, and so on. However, I ...
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1answer
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How accurate is content sniffing in order to determine filetype?

I need to identify the mime-type of extensionless files(document fileformats such as PDF, doc, docx etc), and I am wondering how accurate known file-signatures are? What I will do is to create a map ...
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Issue: Guest OS (Debian 3.0, 32-bit ) loads with read-only file system immediately upon booting in VMware Workstation 10 (Host OS: Windows 7, 32-bit)

Issue Summary: A guest 32-bit Debian 3.0 virtual machine is opened using VMware. The guest OS loads a read-only file system on startup. Despite root access no file changes can be made to the virtual ...
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why would openat() use file descriptor decremented by 1

I am tracing open() and openat() Linux system calls using a library that I load with LD_PRELOAD=.... I have a process that descends down a directory path. It does open() on a directory, which ...
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1answer
23 views

How to view all directories with auditing enabled on Windows 7?

A while back I enabled file auditing on a few folders on my Windows 7 machine, but I have forgotten which folders I enabled it on. Is there any way to view a list of all the folders which have at ...
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Creating a fault tolerant system using AUFS

I wish to create a system resistant to upgrade faults. On detection of a fault, the system should revert back to its previous commit. Is it possible to use AUFS to do this ?
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Why is a folder name different to its name in the file path?

I'm having a surprising amount of difficulty searching for an answer to this seemingly simple question. I came across an article on MSDN titled "Naming Files, Paths, and Namespaces", which whilst ...
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1answer
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Read a file locked by another program

I have a program that reads a file written by another program, but that software locks the file while writing to it (I cannot even copy the file!). How can I read the file while the other program has ...
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3answers
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Change File Attribute in windows

I have basically two images : 1. one with jpeg and file "attributes" as 'N' as seen below : Now i m trying to create image with same property but whenever i create new image or edit the same image ...
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1answer
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understanding Stats on folder in Linux

This is my stat output on a folder stat Downloads/ File: `Downloads/' Size: 4096 Blocks: 8 IO Block: 4096 directory Device: fd02h/64770d Inode: 259595 Links: 3 What does it ...
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Creating a large windows file system [closed]

I need to create a large windows file system - around the 500TB - 1000TB size. Primary use is for archival storage, performance is not a major design factor. We are a very small admin team so ...
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2answers
42 views

Windows Batch file get filesystem info without elevated priveledges

I have a batch file that needs to check the filesystem and choose options for a program it's running based on the filesystem (which could be NTFS or FAT32 in this environment). For Windows systems I ...