In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

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Modifying IP camera firmware

I have a D-Link DCS-931L IP camera and it started to lose wifi connection regularly. To debug the problem I tried to log into it, but any remote access is prohibited (except web interface which is ...
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1answer
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Determine Surface TypeCover 2 Firmware Version

I have found various references to Surface TypeCover 2 firmware versions. This is an example: Surface Type Cover 2 Firmware Update Device (v2.0.517.0) update improves multiple finger support on ...
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mp3player philips hdd070 00 wont't find songs, alternate firmware? [on hold]

My mp3 player philips hdd070 00 does not recognize music files I transfer to it. I have done a hard reset on it(factory reset) with philips device manager(before reset I had 4 musicfiles "correctly" ...
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33 views

Which piece of firmware reads CPU temp?

I'm suspicious of my CPU temperature reading and want to update the piece of firmware responsible for it. Is it baked into the CPU and un-updateable? BIOS? General chipset firmware? Does it vary ...
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1answer
35 views

NETUSB how to prevent the hack [closed]

Every router I get keeps getting hacked all my devices keep getting infected. No idea what to do to prevent getting hacked I thought my security was good apparently not good enough. Anyone no how I ...
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1answer
74 views

Dell Latitude E5540 doesn't recognize external display

I stumbled over this problem when I connected a projector to my E5540's VGA port and the laptop simply failed to detect it. Even restarting the laptop did not make it recognize the external display. ...
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2answers
32 views

I can no longer access the BIOS (Computer Freezes)

I have a new Lenovo T440 with Windows 8.1, I have installed Fedora 22 to have dual boot, I started playing around with grub2-customization and some of the BIOS settings (secure boot and legacy vs ...
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1answer
44 views

graphic issues debian jessie

I have some graphic issues on my laptop, low resolution and no possibility to link other VGA monitor. root@random:~# lspci -nn | grep VGA 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: Intel Corporation ...
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49 views

How to access the emergency room interface for D-Link DIR-600 B2 with firmware v.2.15?

I have a D-Link DIR-600 B2 router with firmware v.2.15 and I want to install the DD-WRT firmware (described here) to enable the repeater mode. The problem is, every time I try to upload the DD-WRT ...
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53 views

Update Realtek UEFI UNDI Driver

I have a ASUS J1900 motherboard with UEFI BIOS (Realtek UEFI UNDI Driver v2.023). I downloaded archive with RtkUndiDxe.efi v 2.035. How can I update bios?
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561 views

Power failure while upgrading firmware on TP-Link WR940N, router is bricked. How do I fix it?

I was upgrading my wireless router TP-Link WR940N, while then, the device faced a sudden power outage. Anyway, the machine never started working properly again. All the lights of WAN and WLAN and SYS ...
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1answer
59 views

Is it possible to rewrite CD-R, DVD-R, Bluray-R discs with a modified firmware?

I know there were no such hacks observed. But if we consider case of corporate attack (firmware virus created by ROM device producing corporation itself) on privacy of a person. Would it be possible ...
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1answer
32 views

How to follow instructions made for linux on windows? Flashing firmware

I'm trying to flash a firmware on to a stm32f3discovery board. https://github.com/yetifrisstlama/Foculus_Rift_Tracker_STM32F3DISCOVERY These are the instructions I am trying to follow but they are for ...
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1answer
39 views

Advantages of Enabling Firmware Password Protection

What security advantages, if any, would be gained by enabling Firmware Password Protection on a mac that already has filevault encryption for the disk?
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1answer
84 views

NanoBSD: issue including firmware for ral driver in image

With my current NanoBSD build I'm not able to bring up the ral0 interface. Instead I get the following: ... rt2561sfw: could not load firmware image, error 2 ral0: rt2661_load_microcode: unable to ...
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2answers
79 views

Why does running Linux eventually cause my ThinkPad T430 to refuse to boot or enter diagnostics?

I have a Thinkpad T430. Every time that I install Linux (Latest CentOS) on it, after a while, the computer refuses to boot, go into bios, or boot / diagnostics menu. I've run Windows on it, and it ...
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57 views

error booting FREEDOS bootable usb on a macbook pro

I'm trying to update my ssd's (m4 crucial 128gb) firmware. I've a macbook pro with dual disk setup, so no cd drive, only ssd as main disk and hdd as second disk in a caddy where the cd/dvd drive used ...
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113 views

Complicated SSD Firmware Issue

I was using software from crucial.com called Crucial Storage Executive to upgrade the firmware on my MX100 SSD from version MU01 to MU02 on my Toshiba Windows 8.1 laptop. After the update began, the ...
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37 views

TPLINK-WA901ND v2 dd-wrt brick

Tried to install the dd-wrt firmware for this router and it worked fine the first time. However it wasn't giving me a connection and the lan port didn't work, so I decided that I would flash r20548 ...
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3answers
27 views

Intrusion is possible through firmware signature file

I have a small NAS system and recently i got a firmware to upload the features. I have one image file and a signature file. I just trying to edit the signature file and append some junk character ...
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108 views

Firmware update on external HDD -> system not booting

After updating the firmware of my external HDD WD My Book, my toshiba laptop with a toshiba internal HDD, is no longer able to boot and I can't enter the BIOS either. The internal HDD has three ...
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242 views

Remove write protection of flash drive from firmware

I bought an HP v220w 32GB flash drive 2 months ago and it's been working perfectly until yesterday when all of a sudden it became write protected. I've tried evey simple, non technical way to solve ...
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30 views

Reconfigure downloaded firmware in Debian live CD

Is there any way to reconfigure the downloaded firmware in Debian live CD(Whezzy)?It might be possible if you have installed it on a hard disk because you just have to restart the computer while for a ...
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1answer
44 views

Running device firmware on a computer

I was wondering how I would go about running device firmware in a virtual machine on Windows 7 or some other way on windows 7. I am specifically thinking of running the Broadband-Hamnet firmware for ...
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1answer
319 views

wireless network not working, interface (wlan0) missing

I am a total linux beginner and running Linux Mint 17 Qiana on a Dell Latitude D520. Because I can't connect to any wireless notwork, I tried to configure some hardware stuff I barely understand: ...
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10answers
4k views

What is the difference between BIOS and firmware?

Could anyone elaborate on the differences between BIOS and firmware please?
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111 views

How do extract filesystem from firmware dump of Sunell IP Camera

I have Sunell IP Camera and I need to extract file system from firmware dump. I try to use firmware-mod-kit: ./extract-firmware firmware.ntt The process completed successfully and I get result like ...
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73 views

Samsung SH-S202J (DVD recorder) “dead” after firmware update

I'm having a problem with my DVD-rom recorder; it's the Samsung's Super Write Master (model SH-S202J), and, after trying to update its firmware, it doesn't work anymore. The update went just fine, ...
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2answers
110 views

Can viruses infect firmware?

These days firmwares are not read only and you can download and apply updates to it from the web. So is it possible that if I download firmware from an un-trusworthy site, it might actually have a ...
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135 views

Manipulating firmware of USB flash drives

As far as you may know, about four month ago, a new malware-like program found that was infected USB device's firmwares. (Take a look here) I want to know, how it is possible to read and modify ...
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1answer
2k views

Installing firmware with samsung magician dc

I am trying to get Samsung magican DC to work on my linux (linux mint 17 xfce) computer. I downloaded samsung magician dc from here. Then I downloaded the firmware update files from this page (under ...
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1answer
579 views

How to recover data from Intel SSD 320 Series

I have an Intel SSD 320 Series 600GB. A few days ago, my system froze because of some irrelevant failure and I had to force the computer to turn off. When I attempted to reboot the computer, my SSD no ...
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1answer
920 views

How to change language of Fritz!Box from German to International

I have a Fritz!Box 7390 I bought while living in Berlin and would like to switch it to English. I've tried using the Recovery Tool, but it rejects updating the device. How can I update the device to ...
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322 views

ADATA SX900 firmware downgrade failure

I have an ADATA SX900 SSD with firmware 5.8.2. I am trying to downgrade firmware to 5.2.5, but my drive is refusing to accept firmware. It returns this error: FATAL_ERROR: Firmware download failed ...
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3answers
265 views

differences between firmware, chipset and EPROM inside a computer

All chipset, EPROM and firmware in a computer seem to have some physical electronic components that contain codes for controlling the working flow of processor, RAM and other hardware peripherals, but ...
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2answers
359 views

Can finalized DVD be rewritten?

When burning a DVD, there are two options, close or finalize a disk. According to this link: You can't add any additional files to a disc that has been finalized. When you burn a CD or DVD using ...
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1answer
39 views

Is the firmware device touchable?

We all know that the computer world has both hardware and software. Hardware is touchable and software is not. But apart from those two we have firmware as well. Is firmware touchable (like hardware) ...
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3answers
8k views

Asus RT-N66U Enable SSH Access

Is the option to enable ssh access to this router not available in the stock version of the firmware? I can only see "Enable Telnet" under Administration -> System. That's kind of lame. Telnet is ...
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55 views

DD-WRT defaults to open WiFi

Well, I realized when you restore to default settings that it automatically enables WiFi without any encryption. I really prefer the UI and stats over OpenWrt but is their any way to make it default ...
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85 views

How do I force a firmware installation on an HP printer?

How do I force a firmware installation on an HP Photosmart 2710? It's crashing a lot and USB isn't working (but I can network into it), is there a command through it's browser interface or a trick to ...
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1answer
41 views

Accessing Thumbdrive firmware

I have a few questions about USB drive firmware: How can I access a thumbdrive's firmware? Is it possible to avoid running a thumbdrive's firmware when plugging it in, and instead strip a full iso ...
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1answer
333 views

Upgrading a Tenda router from H1_V3.2.5e-Feb 26 2009

I have a Tenda router, and its current firmware is H1_V3.2.5e-Feb 26 2009. Which version should I upgrade to? Their site warns that selecting the wrong version can damage the router, and even ...
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37 views

openfirmware boot legacy BIOS payload

If I run openfirmware via floppy, is there something like a legacy boot option? While booting, the BIOS creates interrupts like int 0x13, can I use them if I start openfirmware after the BIOS? I am ...
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1answer
479 views

Cannot update Segate HDD firmware

I've just been given some used HDDs from my friends. Two of them are Segate HDDs which have potential problem known as "Deathgate". All Internet articles say "Update the firmware", so I followed them. ...
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103 views

How do debug HDMI port

I have a unique situation with a Sony Vaio that has a donor motherboard from an essentially identical Chinese model of the same. the HDMI port seems at all levels to be non-functional and not ...
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3answers
60 views

What specific roles does firmware play on routers?

If routers properly implement standard networking protocols (DNS, DHTCP, TCP/IP, etc.), then wouldn't the same firmware (implementing these protocols) be applicable to all routers? I guess I'm ...
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101 views

Can't access modem web interface

I have cisco modem with Linux firmware. I can't connect to modem admin interface via ip 192.168.100.1. I can't SSH to it either. I tried to ping it and it is unreachable. I noticed that sometimes this ...
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1answer
3k views

Latest firmware for WRT54G version 6

Belkin bought Linksys in January 2014 and removed most of the firmware from the support website. Is there an archive somewhere that has the latest firmeware for WRT54G version 6?
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291 views

S.M.A.R.T. diagnostics recommends firmware upgrade

I have an Ubuntu server with a RAID-6 array. 3.13.0-27-generic #50-Ubuntu SMP Thu May 15 18:06:16 UTC 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux I was checking out the S.M.A.R.T. diagnostics for the ...
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51 views

Visiting sites previously never visited results in page not found or junk CSS

I have recently inherited a workstation which I installed a brand new SSD in and then installed Windows 8 (I previously have not bothered with it). Bypassing Internet Explorer, I immediately ...