In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

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Advantages of Enabling Firmware Password Protection

What security advantages, if any, would be gained by enabling Firmware Password Protection on a mac that allready has filevault encryption for the disk?
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61 views

NanoBSD: issue including firmware for ral driver in image

With my current NanoBSD build I'm not able to bring up the ral0 interface. Instead I get the following: ... rt2561sfw: could not load firmware image, error 2 ral0: rt2661_load_microcode: unable to ...
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Why does running Linux eventually cause my ThinkPad T430 to refuse to boot or enter diagnostics?

I have a Thinkpad T430. Every time that I install Linux (Latest CentOS) on it, after a while, the computer refuses to boot, go into bios, or boot / diagnostics menu. I've run Windows on it, and it ...
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23 views

error booting FREEDOS bootable usb on a macbook pro

I'm trying to update my ssd's (m4 crucial 128gb) firmware. I've a macbook pro with dual disk setup, so no cd drive, only ssd as main disk and hdd as second disk in a caddy where the cd/dvd drive used ...
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Router possibly bricked, reverting to stock firmware

I am currently using this router, the TL-WR940N (It's also referred to as WR941N, even says so in the stock firmware, no idea why). Hardware version 5, stock firmware revision 2.1 There isn't exactly ...
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58 views

Complicated SSD Firmware Issue

I was using software from crucial.com called Crucial Storage Executive to upgrade the firmware on my MX100 SSD from version MU01 to MU02 on my Toshiba Windows 8.1 laptop. After the update began, the ...
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22 views

TPLINK-WA901ND v2 dd-wrt brick

Tried to install the dd-wrt firmware for this router and it worked fine the first time. However it wasn't giving me a connection and the lan port didn't work, so I decided that I would flash r20548 ...
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Intrusion is possible through firmware signature file

I have a small NAS system and recently i got a firmware to upload the features. I have one image file and a signature file. I just trying to edit the signature file and append some junk character ...
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79 views

Firmware update on external HDD -> system not booting

After updating the firmware of my external HDD WD My Book, my toshiba laptop with a toshiba internal HDD, is no longer able to boot and I can't enter the BIOS either. The internal HDD has three ...
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121 views

Remove write protection of flash drive from firmware

I bought an HP v220w 32GB flash drive 2 months ago and it's been working perfectly until yesterday when all of a sudden it became write protected. I've tried evey simple, non technical way to solve ...
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27 views

Reconfigure downloaded firmware in Debian live CD

Is there any way to reconfigure the downloaded firmware in Debian live CD(Whezzy)?It might be possible if you have installed it on a hard disk because you just have to restart the computer while for a ...
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39 views

Running device firmware on a computer

I was wondering how I would go about running device firmware in a virtual machine on Windows 7 or some other way on windows 7. I am specifically thinking of running the Broadband-Hamnet firmware for ...
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180 views

wireless network not working, interface (wlan0) missing

I am a total linux beginner and running Linux Mint 17 Qiana on a Dell Latitude D520. Because I can't connect to any wireless notwork, I tried to configure some hardware stuff I barely understand: ...
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What is the difference between BIOS and firmware?

Could anyone elaborate on the differences between BIOS and firmware please?
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94 views

How do extract filesystem from firmware dump of Sunell IP Camera

I have Sunell IP Camera and I need to extract file system from firmware dump. I try to use firmware-mod-kit: ./extract-firmware firmware.ntt The process completed successfully and I get result like ...
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59 views

Samsung SH-S202J (DVD recorder) “dead” after firmware update

I'm having a problem with my DVD-rom recorder; it's the Samsung's Super Write Master (model SH-S202J), and, after trying to update its firmware, it doesn't work anymore. The update went just fine, ...
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85 views

Can viruses infect firmware?

These days firmwares are not read only and you can download and apply updates to it from the web. So is it possible that if I download firmware from an un-trusworthy site, it might actually have a ...
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106 views

Manipulating firmware of USB flash drives

As far as you may know, about four month ago, a new malware-like program found that was infected USB device's firmwares. (Take a look here) I want to know, how it is possible to read and modify ...
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Installing firmware with samsung magician dc

I am trying to get Samsung magican DC to work on my linux (linux mint 17 xfce) computer. I downloaded samsung magician dc from here. Then I downloaded the firmware update files from this page (under ...
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374 views

How to recover data from Intel SSD 320 Series

I have an Intel SSD 320 Series 600GB. A few days ago, my system froze because of some irrelevant failure and I had to force the computer to turn off. When I attempted to reboot the computer, my SSD no ...
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600 views

How to change language of Fritz!Box from German to International

I have a Fritz!Box 7390 I bought while living in Berlin and would like to switch it to English. I've tried using the Recovery Tool, but it rejects updating the device. How can I update the device to ...
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274 views

ADATA SX900 firmware downgrade failure

I have an ADATA SX900 SSD with firmware 5.8.2. I am trying to downgrade firmware to 5.2.5, but my drive is refusing to accept firmware. It returns this error: FATAL_ERROR: Firmware download failed ...
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differences between firmware, chipset and EPROM inside a computer

All chipset, EPROM and firmware in a computer seem to have some physical electronic components that contain codes for controlling the working flow of processor, RAM and other hardware peripherals, but ...
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271 views

Can finalized DVD be rewritten?

When burning a DVD, there are two options, close or finalize a disk. According to this link: You can't add any additional files to a disc that has been finalized. When you burn a CD or DVD using ...
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Is the firmware device touchable?

We all know that the computer world has both hardware and software. Hardware is touchable and software is not. But apart from those two we have firmware as well. Is firmware touchable (like hardware) ...
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Asus RT-N66U Enable SSH Access

Is the option to enable ssh access to this router not available in the stock version of the firmware? I can only see "Enable Telnet" under Administration -> System. That's kind of lame. Telnet is ...
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DD-WRT defaults to open WiFi

Well, I realized when you restore to default settings that it automatically enables WiFi without any encryption. I really prefer the UI and stats over OpenWrt but is their any way to make it default ...
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How do I force a firmware installation on an HP printer?

How do I force a firmware installation on an HP Photosmart 2710? It's crashing a lot and USB isn't working (but I can network into it), is there a command through it's browser interface or a trick to ...
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Accessing Thumbdrive firmware

I have a few questions about USB drive firmware: How can I access a thumbdrive's firmware? Is it possible to avoid running a thumbdrive's firmware when plugging it in, and instead strip a full iso ...
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279 views

Upgrading a Tenda router from H1_V3.2.5e-Feb 26 2009

I have a Tenda router, and its current firmware is H1_V3.2.5e-Feb 26 2009. Which version should I upgrade to? Their site warns that selecting the wrong version can damage the router, and even ...
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openfirmware boot legacy BIOS payload

If I run openfirmware via floppy, is there something like a legacy boot option? While booting, the BIOS creates interrupts like int 0x13, can I use them if I start openfirmware after the BIOS? I am ...
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362 views

Cannot update Segate HDD firmware

I've just been given some used HDDs from my friends. Two of them are Segate HDDs which have potential problem known as "Deathgate". All Internet articles say "Update the firmware", so I followed them. ...
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92 views

How do debug HDMI port

I have a unique situation with a Sony Vaio that has a donor motherboard from an essentially identical Chinese model of the same. the HDMI port seems at all levels to be non-functional and not ...
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What specific roles does firmware play on routers?

If routers properly implement standard networking protocols (DNS, DHTCP, TCP/IP, etc.), then wouldn't the same firmware (implementing these protocols) be applicable to all routers? I guess I'm ...
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Can't access modem web interface

I have cisco modem with Linux firmware. I can't connect to modem admin interface via ip 192.168.100.1. I can't SSH to it either. I tried to ping it and it is unreachable. I noticed that sometimes this ...
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Android on FPGA

I would like to know is it possible to put android on FPGA specifically Digilent Atlys board which I have ? What would be a better way to learn on installing Android on custom hardware ? I have ...
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Latest firmware for WRT54G version 6

Belkin bought Linksys in January 2014 and removed most of the firmware from the support website. Is there an archive somewhere that has the latest firmeware for WRT54G version 6?
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S.M.A.R.T. diagnostics recommends firmware upgrade

I have an Ubuntu server with a RAID-6 array. 3.13.0-27-generic #50-Ubuntu SMP Thu May 15 18:06:16 UTC 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux I was checking out the S.M.A.R.T. diagnostics for the ...
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Visiting sites previously never visited results in page not found or junk CSS

I have recently inherited a workstation which I installed a brand new SSD in and then installed Windows 8 (I previously have not bothered with it). Bypassing Internet Explorer, I immediately ...
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89 views

Does HP LaserJet firmware update remove functionality?

I just got an old LaserJet 2400 series, retired from business use. Is there any reason NOT to update the 10 year old firmware? For example, is there a substantial chance of bricking the printer? Or ...
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215 views

How can I repair my Wifi Repeater?

I installed the wrong firmware on my Wifi Repeater. Is there a way to fix this problem? I can't find any website on the user manual, so I'm not sure what the model of the wifi repeater is.
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164 views

Linksys WAG54GS - Need to reserve IP addresses for WOL

I have a "Wireless-G ADSL Gateway with SpeedBooster WAG54GS ADSL router for my home in KSA, the stock Linksys firmware in it lacks lots of necessary features i.e MAC based QOS, DHCP IP reservation and ...
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Why is RAID rebuild/recovery tied to a specific RAID card?

I would assume that although the RAID specification itself does not detail the implementation, the manufacturer of the card would like to write the RAID implementation just once and reuse that in all ...
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Samsung SSD firmware update fails

Samsung Magician checks for new firmware update, finds it, prompts me to install it, I let it do that, then it fails to update. The SSD is an 840 EVO, 250 GB. I'll let the screenshots tell the story. ...
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1k views

D-Link 2640u Router unfortunately update wrong firmware

I have this Dink router: DSL-2640U HW Veer: C2 FW Veer: ME_2.01 I had tried to update firmware to this Indian firmware but it was not compatible with my modem (it's for C4 version). I've seen a ...
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1answer
104 views

Why do laptop screens flicker during video mode changes? [duplicate]

Changing the display mode (resolution and/or refresh rate) causes the screen to flicker or go dark for a few seconds before the image stabilizes. At least this happens on all laptops and desktops I've ...
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What are the differences between Host Protected Area (HPA), Device Configuration Overlay (DCO), and service area of a HDD/SDD?

I'm confused about the differences between the Host Protected Area (HPA), Device Configuration Overlay (DCO), and the service area of a HDD or SSD. From what I gather on the wiki pages, disks can have ...
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179 views

How shared graphics memory works?

How does shared graphics memory work? It is my understanding that when you set how much system memory to share with the graphics controller in the BIOS, this then becomes invisible to the OS, So ...
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320 views

Linux Mint 16 - Lock Screen Firmware Bug

After playing around with a lot of dual-boot configurations, I've recently decided to ditch Windows (8.1) altogether and have installed Linux Mint. I am running Mint 16 Petra with MATE Desktop This ...
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Why do routers sometimes need to be restarted manually?

Every time I call my ISP with the complaint I don't have internet access. , they ask me Did you unplug the router, wait a couple of minutes and plug it in power again? What I cannot ...