In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

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Why are display mode changes taking so long?

Changing the display mode (resolution and/or refresh rate) causes the screen to flicker or go dark for a few seconds before the image stabilizes. Why ? I mean for CRT display, I understand the ...
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49 views

Firmware:What can I do with dd-wrt/merlin/tomato that I cant do with ios 12.4/15.1?

Was thinking about getting the linksus wrt1900ac when it comes out but I already have a few 2811 routers. Curious as to what the wrt firmware offers that is different from ios. I'd like something for ...
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40 views

What are the differences between Host Protected Area (HPA), Device Configuration Overlay (DCO), and service area of a HDD/SDD?

I'm confused about the differences between the Host Protected Area (HPA), Device Configuration Overlay (DCO), and the service area of a HDD or SSD. From what I gather on the wiki pages, disks can have ...
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78 views

How do I update the firmware on an LSI 9650SE-8lpml (Ubuntu)

I have heard that I can put my 3tb and 4tb drives to use in raid with my LSI card if I update the firmware. So I went to the LSI site and downloaded the newer firmware...but how do I update it? I ...
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1answer
37 views

How shared graphics memory works?

How does shared graphics memory work? It is my understanding that when you set how much system memory to share with the graphics controller in the BIOS, this then becomes invisible to the OS, So ...
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1answer
116 views

Linux Mint 16 - Lock Screen Firmware Bug

After playing around with a lot of dual-boot configurations, I've recently decided to ditch Windows (8.1) altogether and have installed Linux Mint. I am running Mint 16 Petra with MATE Desktop This ...
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2answers
46 views

Why do routers sometimes need to be restarted manually?

Every time I call my ISP with the complaint I don't have internet access. , they ask me Did you unplug the router, wait a couple of minutes and plug it in power again? What I cannot ...
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3answers
447 views

DIfferences between firmware and middleware and device driver?

What are the relations and differences between firmware and middleware? Wikipedia says firmware is the combination of persistent memory and program code and data stored in it.[1] Typical examples ...
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1answer
2k views

ASUS RT-AC66R hard reset - Fixed

Have an ASUS RT-AC66R - we had set it up for our church and was working flawlessly. I was approached last sunday to say it was not connecting (2014-01-19). We had set it with the 2.5 and 5 Ghz ...
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2answers
41 views

Physical reset button on Wi-Fi router case vs. reset settings in web-based router GUI

Can somebody confirm to me whether physical reset button on Wi-Fi router case & reset settings option in web-based management GUI do the same thing? I'm interested in general (for most of devices) ...
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1answer
61 views

What other public firmware alternatives are available to replace stock firmware on routers? [closed]

Recently I have taken an interested in learning about Linux and the Unix family of operating systems. In my quest to do so I found that my simple home router contained hardware capable of much more ...
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24 views

In the Open Firmware shell, how do I get output from ls to not scroll off the screen?

I'm working on a PowerPC-based Macintosh G4. In the Open Firmware shell, I'm using the ls command to show the device tree, but part of the information I need is toward the top of the tree, and scrolls ...
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86 views

Unable to correctly type the firmware password on my MacBook Pro

I made the mistake of setting the firmware password on my MacBook Pro, unaware that when I have to enter the password, e.g. when booting in recovery mode, the keyboard mapping is default US. When I ...
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2answers
100 views

SATA1 hard drive not seen by BIOS anymore

I haven't had much success with storage at all because all my hard drive and USB drives have gone faulty and all on them on this very old PC except a few USB. Motherboard: ...
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0answers
86 views

Best compatible firmware for my router to set bandwidth caps?

I have a Linksys N300, E1200 router and it has a built in QoS functionality, but I read somewhere that QoS is like spikes, as in like turnlike and not constant (I'm sorry I don't know how to explain). ...
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54 views

Samsung SSD MZ-7PD128 Firmware Update with OS X

I'll be installing a Samsung 128GB MZ-7PD128 in my Macbook Pro sometime soon. As I was researching, I noticed that quite a few reviews said I would only be able to update the SSD firmware via Bootcamp ...
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1answer
146 views

How to reset firmware password on Mac Air?

My school put up a firmware password and I need to find a way to reset it. I understand it's illegal but just out of curiosity, is it challenging?
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1answer
341 views

How can I determine if my Dell M4600 built-in SD card reader can support SDHC cards?

I'm running x64 Windows 8, and the SD card reader in my Dell M4600 is unable to read my SDHC memory card. The reader is listed as "SDA Standard Compliant SD Host Controller" in device manager. I'm ...
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137 views

Flashing bricked Linux/Android 3D Media player with busyBox

I have bricked my home 3D media player based on Realtek RTD1886 chipset (Bluetimes BT 3550B) when I have flash it with a wrong firmware, now, he don't want boot and only loop on logo screen. I have ...
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0answers
136 views

Firmware update to Brother printer DCP-J925DW failing

I am trying to carry out a firmware update to the Brother DCP-J925DW printer in order to make it an airprint printer. I have downloaded the correct file brmain480.exe from the Brother site but when I ...
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30 views

Gzip, firmware problems

I am trying to unpackage firmware. The file command gives me this. gzip compressed data, ASCII, has CRC, extra field gzip -d gzip.gz gives this. gzip: gzip.gz has flags 0xcf -- not supported Any ...
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1answer
244 views

Can't upload original firmware to D-Link DIR-330

I was trying to install dd-wrt on it but it didn't work well. So I'm trying to load the original D-link firmware... I can always get to the emergency firmware upload page after resetting the router ...
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94 views

URL for linksys WRT54GS firmware upgrade

I am trying to "recover" from a bad firmware upgrade on my Linksys WRT54GS. I can ping the router, and I can even get part of the web gui - but only parts of it - it's quite garbled. I can go to ...
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188 views

LG-NAS N2R1DD2 - Will not flash new firmware

I have contacted LG support (to which they have never responded). The device has worked very well for us in its default state. I have a problem with an LG Network Access Storage device. I want to ...
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1answer
569 views

What exact changes Seagate HDD firmware version CC49 brings over version CC34?

I have a Seagate Barracuda 7200.12 model ST31000528AS. smartmontools warns me when querying the drive that a firmware update might be available and instructs me to a seagate website link where ...
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217 views

Update router firmware without using web interface

I have a D-Link DSL-2740EL wireless router. How can i update router's firmware without using web interface ? Assume router's firmware is corrupted. so i can't log in to my router. then how can i ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I verify the health of hard disks using a Synology NAS?

I'll receive my first NAS (a Synology DS413) and three hard disks tomorrow. Of course I'd like to check if everything's fine with the disks before setting up RAID and migrating my data. Unfortunately, ...
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1answer
1k views

Linksys WRT54GS - where to get old firmware v4.70.6

I've just bought a second-hand Linksys WRT54GS (v4) with intention to put DD-WRT on it. Unfortunately, I have problem with software currently running on this device. It has Sputnik based on firmware ...
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1answer
63 views

Can a Draft N router be upgraded to a Final N router with a firmware update?

For instance, the ASUS (RT-N16) says "IEEE802.11n Draft" and can run DD-WRT. Can a firmware upgrade convert it to IEEE802.11n Final, or does that require hardware changes? If you are purchasing a ...
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961 views

How to Replace Firmware/Software on Motorola SURFboard SBG6580

I have a Motorola SURFboard SBG6580 Cable Modem/Router combo that was working great until I upgraded my Internet speed with Comcast at which time, they pushed either a firmware or software update that ...
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3answers
9k views

Hard disk not detected in BIOS, disk does spin up when powered

A friend asked me if I could fix his laptop, with the description "black screen on boot". Having tried using his laptop I immediately noticed that the laptop's BIOS claims there is no hard disk ...
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214 views

Finding firmware for a wireless router

I recently bought a Tenda W368R router, and I hated the current firmware! So I decided to find a open source Linux type of firmware. My router was not supported by DD-WRT ans a few others. But if my ...
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1answer
231 views

Updating my graphic card firmware to latest version but my sound card disabled and won't work

I have below device: CPU: Intel 3570K RAM: 8GB DDR3 1600 Mainboard: ASUS P8Z77-V Deluxe (with latest version of BIOS) Power: Green 685 VGA: AMD 5970 When I changed BIOS of graphic card (AMD ...
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1answer
665 views

Hitachi hard drive with apple firmware - possible to install Windows on?

My friend gave me a spare harddrive he had, a 320GB Hitachi HTS545032B9A302. I was hoping I could use this in place of my 70GB internal drive at home. However it says on the label that it has Apple ...
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1answer
458 views

Latest Security update “firmware for linux kernel drivers” failed - how do i fix this?

I have copied the update-manager's update failure/error message installArchives() failed: perl: warning: Setting locale failed. perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings: LANGUAGE ...
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1answer
1k views

How do I find out if my router is compatible with DD-WRT when it's not in their list?

I'm considering flashing the firmware on my router to DD-WRT this weekend. I tried to find my router (Medialink - MWN-WAPR150N) in their router database with no luck. I'm wondering what key things ...
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2answers
94 views

How to access data card firmware through Linux?

I have a useless data card lying around. Huwaei EC 122. I want to play around with it. See what's inside etc. However, I don't know how to access the firmware on the data card already. There are a ...
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1answer
106 views

Are there linux distros for switches?

There is OpenWRT, ddWRT, etc. for routers which adds tons of capabilities to your "simple" home router. Are there any linux distros to "convert" an unmanaged switch into a managed one?
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3answers
1k views

Custom Firmware for Printers

Is there a way to replace the factory firmware that came with the printer with a custom firmware that allows you to use aftermarket or generic ink cartridges? A search on google doesn't reveal much ...
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1answer
3k views

Is there any alternative firmware for ZTE zxv10 w300

I am sharing a ADSL connection with my friends using a ZTE w300 wireless router. However as many people are sharing the connection when one person is downloading the bandwidth cannot be throtelled. ...
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3answers
134 views

open source firmware and router that support at least a dozen of simultaneous connections

My family has ten persons. Each of us owns one or two devices that try to connect to the Internet. We regularly have problems where the router drops the connection to ISP. I begin to suspect that ...
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95 views

TEW-671BR router software customization fails

I want to customize my TEW-671BR router to meet my needs. I've cross-compiled and installed telnet, tftp client and daemon and it works, but one thing that I want the most doesn't. I want that router ...
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2answers
463 views

Samsung SCX-4623fw toner cartridge in dell 1135n Laser MFP

I've got a Dell 1135n Laser MFP and Toner Cartridge for Samsung SCX-4623fw. The Dell 1135 is a rebranded Samsung SCX-4623fw. When inserting the cartridge the printer says "Toner cartridge is not ...
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2answers
446 views

Catastrophic HDD performance degradation

A Seagate Barracuda 500GB hard drive has recently (a few weeks ago) undergone a firmware upgrade. (from CC38 to CC49 firmware version) There were also lightning storms in the area during the last week ...
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1answer
862 views

Why is my router blocking Internet for one computer in the LAN?

I have a D-Link DIR-825 router and for some reason it is blocking one of the wired desktop computers from accessing Internet, while it still allows it to communicate with other computers in the LAN. ...
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2answers
301 views

Any way to update OCZ SSD firmware without internet?

I've downloaded their PC Bootable tools, created a bootable disk, then reboot, run firmware update command... and it says "no internet connection". Dead end. Any way to update firmware from ...
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2answers
4k views

DD-WRT possible brick on tplink-wa901nd v2, any advice?

I think I had a bad idea this night. I flashed ftp://dd-wrt.com/others/eko/BrainSlayer-V24-preSP2/2013/01-01-2013-r20453/tplink_tl-wa901ndv2/factory-to-ddwrt.bin into a brand new tplink-wa901nd v2, ...
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350 views

Is there an equivalent firmware I can use for the TSSTcorp TS-L633C AC01 DVD writer/player?

I can't seem to locate any firmware information for the TSSTcorp TS-L633C AC01 DVD writer/player and was wondering if there was another version's firmware I could use.
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1answer
616 views

How to discover true identity of hard disk used in counterfeit external hard disk?

I have 2 fake external hard drives that claim to have a storage capacity of 2TB. I pulled the enclosure apart and the hard drives seems to be refurbished ones with their labels replaced as Barracuda ...
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364 views

Upgrade brother printer firmware

I'm trying to upgrade my brother firmware that is connected to my PC via USB but the software tells me there is a connection error: So I checked my printer software and I can print/scan do whatever ...