In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

37
votes
4answers
24k views

OpenWrt vs DDWrt

I have a TP-Link Wr1043ND router and I want to install one of these two firmwares: OpenWRT DD-WRT I read that I can install custom packages and do much more than I can with the original firmware. ...
35
votes
11answers
5k views

What is the difference between BIOS and firmware?

Could anyone elaborate on the differences between BIOS and firmware please?
13
votes
4answers
12k views

How do I set up a proxy server for home with bandwidth control, download limit options?

3 room mates share a single 2 Mbps connection. Have a 40GB per month download limit beyond which speed drops to 256Kbps which is annoying. One of the roommates abuses the connection by downloading ...
12
votes
4answers
30k views

Difference and relation between firmware and device driver

How are firmware and device driver different and related? I think both control devices? Is firmware always self-booting, while driver must be run/booted by OS?
12
votes
4answers
12k views

What differences are between firmware and software/OS?

I was wondering what differences are between firmware and software? What differences are between firmware and OS? Are boot-loaders firmware? Bios is. How about GNU grub? Is grub software or firmware?
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Power failure while upgrading firmware on TP-Link WR940N, router is bricked. How do I fix it?

I was upgrading my wireless router TP-Link WR940N, while then, the device faced a sudden power outage. Anyway, the machine never started working properly again. All the lights of WAN and WLAN and SYS ...
12
votes
4answers
24k views

Asus RT-N66U Enable SSH Access

Is the option to enable ssh access to this router not available in the stock version of the firmware? I can only see "Enable Telnet" under Administration -> System. That's kind of lame. Telnet is ...
10
votes
8answers
11k views

Make a USB drive read only

I have a 1.5TB USB drive with many important files that I want to give to a friend (they have Windows7) for reading only purposes. thumbscrew appears to flip a registry switch but it seems to be on ...
9
votes
3answers
10k views

Why does my D-Link DSL-2730U router claim the firmware update “contains an illegal image”?

I have a D-Link router. Its software (firmware) causes a lot of problems so I try to update it. My router model is DSL-2730U so I downloaded the original firmware from this site: http://www.dlinkmea....
9
votes
3answers
16k views

Is it possible to update BIOS to UEFI?

I just ran the Windows 8 Upgrade Assistant on an older machine (just for fun) and was informed that due to lack of UEFI firmware, Secure Boot would not be supported. Is it possible for motherboard ...
8
votes
3answers
18k views

Accessing the firmware of an USB flash drive

Is there any way via which one can read the firmware of an USB flash drive? And if there is really such a way, can one write to that memory area?
7
votes
2answers
768 views

For an external USB device, why does Linux require a firmware in addition to the driver?

A few days ago I was trying to install a USB WiFi adapter in old version of linux. I installed it successfully. But the procedure I followed required me to install not only driver, but also the ...
6
votes
4answers
726 views

Is there a way to run Windows without installing it?

Is there a way to run Windows without installing it? Something like a Linux Live-Boot CD would very useful. I need it to run a command line tool which upgrades the firmware on my Blu-Ray burner. I ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to discover true identity of hard disk used in counterfeit external hard disk?

I have 2 fake external hard drives that claim to have a storage capacity of 2TB. I pulled the enclosure apart and the hard drives seems to be refurbished ones with their labels replaced as Barracuda ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Could installing DD-WRT speed up my Internet?

I believe that my router's firmware is causing me to get much lower Internet speeds than I should be getting. This is true for general browsing, downloading large files and uploading files. Would ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Simple, powerful and stable Firmware for LinkSys WRT54GL

I have just bought a Linksys WRT54G router, which has the ability to load custom firmware. As there are lots of them around the web, Can anyone recommend a FOSS simple, powerful and stable firmware ...
5
votes
2answers
26k views

How can I verify the health of hard disks using a Synology NAS?

I'll receive my first NAS (a Synology DS413) and three hard disks tomorrow. Of course I'd like to check if everything's fine with the disks before setting up RAID and migrating my data. Unfortunately, ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the difference between .img and .bin files for router firmwares?

OpenWRT and DD-WRT for example supply two files: factory (.img) sysupgrade (.bin) Why is one a .img and the other a .bin? Does it matter which one I just and if yes, when should I choose ...
5
votes
3answers
55k views

Hard disk not detected in BIOS, disk does spin up when powered

A friend asked me if I could fix his laptop, with the description "black screen on boot". Having tried using his laptop I immediately noticed that the laptop's BIOS claims there is no hard disk ...
5
votes
8answers
6k views

Linksys Router/Tomato Firmware DNS issues

I've got a WRT54GS that I've loaded the current version of Tomato onto. I entered static DHCP addresses in for the devices on my network, released and renewed the address on my desktop and tried to ...
5
votes
4answers
15k views

How to monitor the network traffic on a router?

Here's my current network set-up: we have 3 users connecting to a Thomson Gateway router (TG585 v8) provided by my ISP. We are connecting over an ADSL line. The problem is that we have a limited data ...
4
votes
3answers
415 views

What hardware is at physical address 0x80000000 on powerpc New World Macintosh?

Open Firmware device tree gives no clue what device might decode at physical address 0x80000000 to 0x8008200 on a G4 New World Macintosh. The mmu has three adjacent Virtual=Real translations for that ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Routers with decent parental monitoring / traffic logging?

I'm looking for consumer router / firmware recommendations with reasonably robust remote URL / hostname logging & reporting functionality. Most logging functionality I've seen is terrible - ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is firmware and what happens when I update it?

I've seen the phrase "firmware update" a few places before. Why and how do I update it? What changes are made to my computer? EDIT: I originally wrote "what it firmware?" but I'll save someone the ...
4
votes
2answers
699 views

Catastrophic HDD performance degradation

A Seagate Barracuda 500GB hard drive has recently (a few weeks ago) undergone a firmware upgrade. (from CC38 to CC49 firmware version) There were also lightning storms in the area during the last week ...
4
votes
1answer
8k views

How to change the firmware of my NETGEAR WGT624 v2 to DD-WRT

In reference to my previous question: I can't find the appropriate firmware for my NETGEAR WGT624 v2 router. I went on the dd-wrt web site and I read the wiki, but I didn't see any files or ...
4
votes
1answer
528 views

Comparing BIOS firmware dumps to check for tampering

I don't know much about this subject, but I imagine that I could compare the BIOS contents against official firmware to check whether it has been tampered. Is there any tool that can help me with that?...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

What firmware should I use on my router? [closed]

I've got a Linksys something or other router. I've never had any issues with the default firmware but have always wondered what I'm missing out on by not changing to a 3rd party more configurable ...
3
votes
4answers
607 views

How to upgrade SSD firmware on Intel RST RAID 0 member disk?

I have a random bunch of SSDs working in an Intel Rapid Storage Technology RAID 0 to serve as my system drive. To setup an Intel RST RAID drive, in UEFI one must change the SATA controller to RAID, ...
3
votes
2answers
445 views

Can my home router firmware be compromised by malware?

For a while now I've been almost certain this is the case. Definitely, at some point, malware on my stepkid's laptop gained access to the home network and managed to change some settings. Router is ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

What firmware updates should I be tracking?

Seems like everything has possible firmware updates these days. Not just PC BIOS, but network cards, routers, printers, monitors, etc. The other day I heard about a firmware update for a mouse. I ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Installing firmware with samsung magician dc

I am trying to get Samsung magican DC to work on my linux (linux mint 17 xfce) computer. I downloaded samsung magician dc from here. Then I downloaded the firmware update files from this page (under "...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Bricked Linksys E1000 V2

I bricked my Linksys E1000 v2 router by trying to install a third party firmware. I have tried most unbricking tutorials and none work. I tried connecting it directly to my computer, assinging my ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

How to change language of Fritz!Box from German to International

I have a Fritz!Box 7390 I bought while living in Berlin and would like to switch it to English. I've tried using the Recovery Tool, but it rejects updating the device. How can I update the device to ...
3
votes
2answers
52k views

ASUS RT-AC66R hard reset

Have an ASUS RT-AC66R - we had set it up for our church and was working flawlessly. I was approached last sunday to say it was not connecting (2014-01-19). We had set it with the 2.5 and 5 Ghz ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Tomato Firmware on Linksys WRT54GS Firmware Version: v1.50.6

I'm trying to install Tomato and get "Upgrade Failed". Any idea why it's failing?
3
votes
1answer
8k views

Is there any alternative firmware for ZTE zxv10 w300

I am sharing a ADSL connection with my friends using a ZTE w300 wireless router. However as many people are sharing the connection when one person is downloading the bandwidth cannot be throtelled. ...
3
votes
2answers
449 views

Freeze on boot: firmware bug

When I boot Mint in recovery profile it says something about a bug, then it freezes on the line: Firmware bug DOD is defined but not DOS I want to access it because I need to restore it like ...
3
votes
5answers
19k views

How to recover a Linksys WRT54GL router that has a blinking green power LED and no response from the web interface?

I was flashing the router with the Tomato firmware, but something went wrong; I'm not sure what. Now, the router responds to ping at 192.168.1.1 (my Mac's on a static IP 192.168.1.21), but the web-...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

Latest firmware for WRT54G version 6

Belkin bought Linksys in January 2014 and removed most of the firmware from the support website. Is there an archive somewhere that has the latest firmeware for WRT54G version 6?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Explain TRIM, and are all SSD's going to support this with firmware updates?

I just bought a Kingston 64GB SSD to install an OS on, but after purchasing it I noticed a review that said it doesn't support TRIM and that this isn't good to install an OS. So, I did a bit of ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Software to find firmware of hard disk?

does anyone know of a tool that can display the firmware of a hard disk?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Migrating from DD-WRT to Tomato

Is it possible to switch to the latest version of Tomato on a router that's already running DD-WRT? Using the default Linksys firmware on my WRT54GL v1.1, I had to upload a micro version of DD-WRT ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I fix a router which often reboots in high-load conditions?

I have a Linksys WRT54G v8 with DD-WRT micro installed. I find in high load situations (downloading a torrent for example) the router will simply restart several times. Any ideas what's wrong? Should ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Is it possible to rewrite CD-R, DVD-R, Bluray-R discs with a modified firmware?

I know there were no such hacks observed. But if we consider case of corporate attack (firmware virus created by ROM device producing corporation itself) on privacy of a person. Would it be possible ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Running a LinkSys WRT400N router with 3rd party firmware

Does anyone have any experience with the LinkSys WRT400N router and installing 3rd party firmware on it? Is there a more stable choice between DD-WRT and Tomato? Any benefits one way or the other? ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to update firmware of my iPod Touch in Ubuntu?

As far as I know iTunes doesn't support Linux OS, though it is very strange. I need to update a firmware of my iPod Touch and don't know how to do that. Could anybody help me to solve this problem ...
2
votes
1answer
409 views

Locking down firmware to keep stolen laptop from being formatted?

On the Mac laptops there are ways through the terminal to lock down the computer so that if someone tries to format the computer they won't be able to do it without the password. This way locks down ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Is it possible that a firmware update made startup slow?

I have a 2011 MBP w/ 8 gigs of RAM and a 128 gig solid state drive. I was just notified that updates were available. I briefly glanced at the details of the update and remember seeing updates for ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I add a boot up password to my Intel Mac?

Back in the PowerPC days, you used to be able to use OpenFirmware to set a boot up password. This would prevent someone from being able to use, for example, single user mode or target boot mode ...