In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

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D-Link 2640u Router unfortunately update wrong firmware

I have this Dink router: DSL-2640U HW Veer: C2 FW Veer: ME_2.01 I had tried to update firmware to this Indian firmware but it was not compatible with my modem (it's for C4 version). I've seen a ...
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116 views

Why do laptop screens flicker during video mode changes? [duplicate]

Changing the display mode (resolution and/or refresh rate) causes the screen to flicker or go dark for a few seconds before the image stabilizes. At least this happens on all laptops and desktops I've ...
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179 views

What are the differences between Host Protected Area (HPA), Device Configuration Overlay (DCO), and service area of a HDD/SDD?

I'm confused about the differences between the Host Protected Area (HPA), Device Configuration Overlay (DCO), and the service area of a HDD or SSD. From what I gather on the wiki pages, disks can have ...
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215 views

How shared graphics memory works?

How does shared graphics memory work? It is my understanding that when you set how much system memory to share with the graphics controller in the BIOS, this then becomes invisible to the OS, So ...
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1answer
325 views

Linux Mint 16 - Lock Screen Firmware Bug

After playing around with a lot of dual-boot configurations, I've recently decided to ditch Windows (8.1) altogether and have installed Linux Mint. I am running Mint 16 Petra with MATE Desktop This ...
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2answers
173 views

Why do routers sometimes need to be restarted manually?

Every time I call my ISP with the complaint I don't have internet access. , they ask me Did you unplug the router, wait a couple of minutes and plug it in power again? What I cannot ...
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DIfferences between firmware and middleware and device driver?

What are the relations and differences between firmware and middleware? Wikipedia says firmware is the combination of persistent memory and program code and data stored in it.[1] Typical examples ...
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ASUS RT-AC66R hard reset

Have an ASUS RT-AC66R - we had set it up for our church and was working flawlessly. I was approached last sunday to say it was not connecting (2014-01-19). We had set it with the 2.5 and 5 Ghz ...
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69 views

Physical reset button on Wi-Fi router case vs. reset settings in web-based router GUI

Can somebody confirm to me whether physical reset button on Wi-Fi router case & reset settings option in web-based management GUI do the same thing? I'm interested in general (for most of devices) ...
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110 views

What other public firmware alternatives are available to replace stock firmware on routers? [closed]

Recently I have taken an interested in learning about Linux and the Unix family of operating systems. In my quest to do so I found that my simple home router contained hardware capable of much more ...
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92 views

In the Open Firmware shell, how do I get output from ls to not scroll off the screen?

I'm working on a PowerPC-based Macintosh G4. In the Open Firmware shell, I'm using the ls command to show the device tree, but part of the information I need is toward the top of the tree, and scrolls ...
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261 views

Unable to correctly type the firmware password on my MacBook Pro

I made the mistake of setting the firmware password on my MacBook Pro, unaware that when I have to enter the password, e.g. when booting in recovery mode, the keyboard mapping is default US. When I ...
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243 views

SATA1 hard drive not seen by BIOS anymore

I haven't had much success with storage at all because all my hard drive and USB drives have gone faulty and all on them on this very old PC except a few USB. Motherboard: ...
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152 views

Best compatible firmware for my router to set bandwidth caps?

I have a Linksys N300, E1200 router and it has a built in QoS functionality, but I read somewhere that QoS is like spikes, as in like turnlike and not constant (I'm sorry I don't know how to explain). ...
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1answer
232 views

How to reset firmware password on Mac Air?

My school put up a firmware password and I need to find a way to reset it. I understand it's illegal but just out of curiosity, is it challenging?
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1answer
915 views

How can I determine if my Dell M4600 built-in SD card reader can support SDHC cards?

I'm running x64 Windows 8, and the SD card reader in my Dell M4600 is unable to read my SDHC memory card. The reader is listed as "SDA Standard Compliant SD Host Controller" in device manager. I'm ...
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48 views

Gzip, firmware problems

I am trying to unpackage firmware. The file command gives me this. gzip compressed data, ASCII, has CRC, extra field gzip -d gzip.gz gives this. gzip: gzip.gz has flags 0xcf -- not supported Any ...
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1answer
483 views

Can't upload original firmware to D-Link DIR-330

I was trying to install dd-wrt on it but it didn't work well. So I'm trying to load the original D-link firmware... I can always get to the emergency firmware upload page after resetting the router ...
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147 views

URL for linksys WRT54GS firmware upgrade

I am trying to "recover" from a bad firmware upgrade on my Linksys WRT54GS. I can ping the router, and I can even get part of the web gui - but only parts of it - it's quite garbled. I can go to ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is smartmontools advising me to upgrade Seagate ST31000528AS firmware version CC34 to CC49?

I have a Seagate Barracuda 7200.12 model ST31000528AS. smartmontools warns me when querying the drive that a firmware update might be available and instructs me to a seagate website link where ...
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551 views

Update router firmware without using web interface

I have a D-Link DSL-2740EL wireless router. How can i update router's firmware without using web interface ? Assume router's firmware is corrupted. so i can't log in to my router. then how can i ...
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How can I verify the health of hard disks using a Synology NAS?

I'll receive my first NAS (a Synology DS413) and three hard disks tomorrow. Of course I'd like to check if everything's fine with the disks before setting up RAID and migrating my data. Unfortunately, ...
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1answer
3k views

Linksys WRT54GS - where to get old firmware v4.70.6

I've just bought a second-hand Linksys WRT54GS (v4) with intention to put DD-WRT on it. Unfortunately, I have problem with software currently running on this device. It has Sputnik based on firmware ...
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1answer
89 views

Can a Draft N router be upgraded to a Final N router with a firmware update?

For instance, the ASUS (RT-N16) says "IEEE802.11n Draft" and can run DD-WRT. Can a firmware upgrade convert it to IEEE802.11n Final, or does that require hardware changes? If you are purchasing a ...
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How to Replace Firmware/Software on Motorola SURFboard SBG6580

I have a Motorola SURFboard SBG6580 Cable Modem/Router combo that was working great until I upgraded my Internet speed with Comcast at which time, they pushed either a firmware or software update that ...
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Hard disk not detected in BIOS, disk does spin up when powered

A friend asked me if I could fix his laptop, with the description "black screen on boot". Having tried using his laptop I immediately noticed that the laptop's BIOS claims there is no hard disk ...
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573 views

Finding firmware for a wireless router

I recently bought a Tenda W368R router, and I hated the current firmware! So I decided to find a open source Linux type of firmware. My router was not supported by DD-WRT ans a few others. But if my ...
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1answer
399 views

Updating my graphic card firmware to latest version but my sound card disabled and won't work

I have below device: CPU: Intel 3570K RAM: 8GB DDR3 1600 Mainboard: ASUS P8Z77-V Deluxe (with latest version of BIOS) Power: Green 685 VGA: AMD 5970 When I changed BIOS of graphic card (AMD ...
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Hitachi hard drive with apple firmware - possible to install Windows on?

My friend gave me a spare harddrive he had, a 320GB Hitachi HTS545032B9A302. I was hoping I could use this in place of my 70GB internal drive at home. However it says on the label that it has Apple ...
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705 views

Latest Security update “firmware for linux kernel drivers” failed - how do i fix this?

I have copied the update-manager's update failure/error message installArchives() failed: perl: warning: Setting locale failed. perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings: LANGUAGE ...
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How do I find out if my router is compatible with DD-WRT when it's not in their list?

I'm considering flashing the firmware on my router to DD-WRT this weekend. I tried to find my router (Medialink - MWN-WAPR150N) in their router database with no luck. I'm wondering what key things ...
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120 views

How to access data card firmware through Linux?

I have a useless data card lying around. Huwaei EC 122. I want to play around with it. See what's inside etc. However, I don't know how to access the firmware on the data card already. There are a ...
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133 views

Are there linux distros for switches?

There is OpenWRT, ddWRT, etc. for routers which adds tons of capabilities to your "simple" home router. Are there any linux distros to "convert" an unmanaged switch into a managed one?
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Custom Firmware for Printers

Is there a way to replace the factory firmware that came with the printer with a custom firmware that allows you to use aftermarket or generic ink cartridges? A search on google doesn't reveal much ...
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Is there any alternative firmware for ZTE zxv10 w300

I am sharing a ADSL connection with my friends using a ZTE w300 wireless router. However as many people are sharing the connection when one person is downloading the bandwidth cannot be throtelled. ...
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TEW-671BR router software customization fails

I want to customize my TEW-671BR router to meet my needs. I've cross-compiled and installed telnet, tftp client and daemon and it works, but one thing that I want the most doesn't. I want that router ...
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2answers
669 views

Samsung SCX-4623fw toner cartridge in dell 1135n Laser MFP

I've got a Dell 1135n Laser MFP and Toner Cartridge for Samsung SCX-4623fw. The Dell 1135 is a rebranded Samsung SCX-4623fw. When inserting the cartridge the printer says "Toner cartridge is not ...
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588 views

Catastrophic HDD performance degradation

A Seagate Barracuda 500GB hard drive has recently (a few weeks ago) undergone a firmware upgrade. (from CC38 to CC49 firmware version) There were also lightning storms in the area during the last week ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is my router blocking Internet for one computer in the LAN?

I have a D-Link DIR-825 router and for some reason it is blocking one of the wired desktop computers from accessing Internet, while it still allows it to communicate with other computers in the LAN. ...
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576 views

Any way to update OCZ SSD firmware without internet?

I've downloaded their PC Bootable tools, created a bootable disk, then reboot, run firmware update command... and it says "no internet connection". Dead end. Any way to update firmware from ...
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DD-WRT possible brick on tplink-wa901nd v2, any advice?

I think I had a bad idea this night. I flashed ftp://dd-wrt.com/others/eko/BrainSlayer-V24-preSP2/2013/01-01-2013-r20453/tplink_tl-wa901ndv2/factory-to-ddwrt.bin into a brand new tplink-wa901nd v2, ...
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559 views

Is there an equivalent firmware I can use for the TSSTcorp TS-L633C AC01 DVD writer/player?

I can't seem to locate any firmware information for the TSSTcorp TS-L633C AC01 DVD writer/player and was wondering if there was another version's firmware I could use.
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1answer
1k views

How to discover true identity of hard disk used in counterfeit external hard disk?

I have 2 fake external hard drives that claim to have a storage capacity of 2TB. I pulled the enclosure apart and the hard drives seems to be refurbished ones with their labels replaced as Barracuda ...
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633 views

Upgrade brother printer firmware

I'm trying to upgrade my brother firmware that is connected to my PC via USB but the software tells me there is a connection error: So I checked my printer software and I can print/scan do whatever ...
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749 views

Modem 2640u turned off between update firmware and the update did not complete

When my modem device was update firmware, power disconnected and firmware update not complete. after that when I turn on my ADSL modem, not show the pannel by 192.168.1.1 and lights of power and ...
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1answer
355 views

HP Photosmart C4780 printer/scanner breaks netgear WNDR3700v3 router on connection

A few months ago, we upgraded our Netgear router's firmware. Immediately, we started having trouble connecting to the internet. Each time this problem would happen, every device in the house would ...
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Is is possible to update BIOS to UEFI?

I just ran the Windows 8 Upgrade Assistant on an older machine (just for fun) and was informed that due to lack of UEFI firmware, Secure Boot would not be supported. What I want to know is, is it ...
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356 views

Locking down firmware to keep stolen laptop from being formatted?

On the Mac laptops there are ways through the terminal to lock down the computer so that if someone tries to format the computer they won't be able to do it without the password. This way locks down ...
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284 views

Missing firmware for wired NIC on Debian

I'm trying to install Debian 64bit from a Debian live image using YUMI on my usb drive to an Inspiron 6400. I am missing firmware for the Broadcom BCM4401-B0 100Base-TX. I have tried configuring it ...
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608 views

Does unbricking Asus RT N16 Router require extra hardware?

I bought a new Asus RT N16 router today. I am going to load Tomato USB on the router. If I brick the router during this process, do I need any extra hardware to unbrick the router? I read somewhere ...