In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

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27
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3answers
16k views

OpenWrt vs DDWrt

I have a TP-Link Wr1043ND router and I want to install one of these two firmwares: OpenWRT DD-WRT I read that I can install custom packages and do much more than I can with the original firmware. ...
11
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I set up a proxy server for home with bandwidth control, download limit options?

3 room mates share a single 2 Mbps connection. Have a 40GB per month download limit beyond which speed drops to 256Kbps which is annoying. One of the roommates abuses the connection by downloading ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

What differences are between firmware and software/OS?

I was wondering what differences are between firmware and software? What differences are between firmware and OS? Are boot-loaders firmware? Bios is. How about GNU grub? Is grub software or firmware? ...
7
votes
5answers
8k views

Make a USB drive read only

I have a 1.5TB USB drive with many important files that I want to give to a friend (they have Windows7) for reading only purposes. thumbscrew appears to flip a registry switch but it seems to be on ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Alternatives to dd-wrt? [closed]

I'm looking for alternatives for the popular dd-wrt router firmware. I don't really like the look of it. It seems like it was quite good 2 or 3 years ago, but I have a feeling some better things have ...
6
votes
3answers
14k views

Difference and relation between firmware and device driver

How are firmware and device driver different and related? I think both control devices? Is firmware always self-booting, while driver must be run/booted by OS?
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Is is possible to update BIOS to UEFI?

I just ran the Windows 8 Upgrade Assistant on an older machine (just for fun) and was informed that due to lack of UEFI firmware, Secure Boot would not be supported. What I want to know is, is it ...
6
votes
4answers
404 views

Is there a way to run Windows without installing it?

Is there a way to run Windows without installing it? Something like a Linux Live-Boot CD would very useful. I need it to run a command line tool which upgrades the firmware on my Blu-Ray burner. I ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Simple, powerful and stable Firmware for LinkSys WRT54GL

I have just bought a Linksys WRT54G router, which has the ability to load custom firmware. As there are lots of them around the web, Can anyone recommend a FOSS simple, powerful and stable firmware ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between .img and .bin files for router firmwares?

OpenWRT and DD-WRT for example supply two files: factory (.img) sysupgrade (.bin) Why is one a .img and the other a .bin? Does it matter which one I just and if yes, when should I choose ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Could installing DD-WRT speed up my Internet?

I believe that my router's firmware is causing me to get much lower Internet speeds than I should be getting. This is true for general browsing, downloading large files and uploading files. Would ...
5
votes
8answers
5k views

Linksys Router/Tomato Firmware DNS issues

I've got a WRT54GS that I've loaded the current version of Tomato onto. I entered static DHCP addresses in for the devices on my network, released and renewed the address on my desktop and tried to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to discover true identity of hard disk used in counterfeit external hard disk?

I have 2 fake external hard drives that claim to have a storage capacity of 2TB. I pulled the enclosure apart and the hard drives seems to be refurbished ones with their labels replaced as Barracuda ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

How to monitor the network traffic on a router?

Here's my current network set-up: we have 3 users connecting to a Thomson Gateway router (TG585 v8) provided by my ISP. We are connecting over an ADSL line. The problem is that we have a limited data ...
4
votes
3answers
24k views

Hard disk not detected in BIOS, disk does spin up when powered

A friend asked me if I could fix his laptop, with the description "black screen on boot". Having tried using his laptop I immediately noticed that the laptop's BIOS claims there is no hard disk ...
4
votes
3answers
353 views

What hardware is at physical address 0x80000000 on powerpc New World Macintosh?

Open Firmware device tree gives no clue what device might decode at physical address 0x80000000 to 0x8008200 on a G4 New World Macintosh. The mmu has three adjacent Virtual=Real translations for that ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Routers with decent parental monitoring / traffic logging?

I'm looking for consumer router / firmware recommendations with reasonably robust remote URL / hostname logging & reporting functionality. Most logging functionality I've seen is terrible - ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is firmware and what happens when I update it?

I've seen the phrase "firmware update" a few places before. Why and how do I update it? What changes are made to my computer? EDIT: I originally wrote "what it firmware?" but I'll save someone the ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

How to change the firmware of my NETGEAR WGT624 v2 to DD-WRT

In reference to my previous question: I can't find the appropriate firmware for my NETGEAR WGT624 v2 router. I went on the dd-wrt web site and I read the wiki, but I didn't see any files or ...
4
votes
1answer
276 views

Comparing BIOS firmware dumps to check for tampering

I don't know much about this subject, but I imagine that I could compare the BIOS contents against official firmware to check whether it has been tampered. Is there any tool that can help me with ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What firmware should I use on my router? [closed]

I've got a Linksys something or other router. I've never had any issues with the default firmware but have always wondered what I'm missing out on by not changing to a 3rd party more configurable ...
3
votes
2answers
406 views

Can my home router firmware be compromised by malware?

For a while now I've been almost certain this is the case. Definitely, at some point, malware on my stepkid's laptop gained access to the home network and managed to change some settings. Router is ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

What firmware updates should I be tracking?

Seems like everything has possible firmware updates these days. Not just PC BIOS, but network cards, routers, printers, monitors, etc. The other day I heard about a firmware update for a mouse. I ...
3
votes
2answers
184 views

Recommended devices upgradable with open-source firmware [closed]

Having bought a lot of tech stuff during these years, the best devices I've enjoyed the most are the ones upgradable with open-source firmwares. To name some of these: Two Xbox (first version) with ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Bricked Linksys E1000 V2

I bricked my Linksys E1000 v2 router by trying to install a third party firmware. I have tried most unbricking tutorials and none work. I tried connecting it directly to my computer, assinging my ...
3
votes
2answers
531 views

Catastrophic HDD performance degradation

A Seagate Barracuda 500GB hard drive has recently (a few weeks ago) undergone a firmware upgrade. (from CC38 to CC49 firmware version) There were also lightning storms in the area during the last week ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Tomato Firmware on Linksys WRT54GS Firmware Version: v1.50.6

I'm trying to install Tomato and get "Upgrade Failed". Any idea why it's failing?
3
votes
2answers
290 views

Freeze on boot: firmware bug

When I boot Mint in recovery profile it says something about a bug, then it freezes on the line: Firmware bug DOD is defined but not DOS I want to access it because I need to restore it like ...
3
votes
5answers
15k views

How to recover a Linksys WRT54GL router that has a blinking green power LED and no response from the web interface?

I was flashing the router with the Tomato firmware, but something went wrong; I'm not sure what. Now, the router responds to ping at 192.168.1.1 (my Mac's on a static IP 192.168.1.21), but the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Explain TRIM, and are all SSD's going to support this with firmware updates?

I just bought a Kingston 64GB SSD to install an OS on, but after purchasing it I noticed a review that said it doesn't support TRIM and that this isn't good to install an OS. So, I did a bit of ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Software to find firmware of hard disk?

does anyone know of a tool that can display the firmware of a hard disk?
2
votes
4answers
960 views

How do I fix a router which often reboots in high-load conditions?

I have a Linksys WRT54G v8 with DD-WRT micro installed. I find in high load situations (downloading a torrent for example) the router will simply restart several times. Any ideas what's wrong? Should ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Running a LinkSys WRT400N router with 3rd party firmware

Does anyone have any experience with the LinkSys WRT400N router and installing 3rd party firmware on it? Is there a more stable choice between DD-WRT and Tomato? Any benefits one way or the other? ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to update firmware of my iPod Touch in Ubuntu?

As far as I know iTunes doesn't support Linux OS, though it is very strange. I need to update a firmware of my iPod Touch and don't know how to do that. Could anybody help me to solve this problem ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

How can I verify the health of hard disks using a Synology NAS?

I'll receive my first NAS (a Synology DS413) and three hard disks tomorrow. Of course I'd like to check if everything's fine with the disks before setting up RAID and migrating my data. Unfortunately, ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

Locking down firmware to keep stolen laptop from being formatted?

On the Mac laptops there are ways through the terminal to lock down the computer so that if someone tries to format the computer they won't be able to do it without the password. This way locks down ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Is it possible that a firmware update made startup slow?

I have a 2011 MBP w/ 8 gigs of RAM and a 128 gig solid state drive. I was just notified that updates were available. I briefly glanced at the details of the update and remember seeing updates for ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I add a boot up password to my Intel Mac?

Back in the PowerPC days, you used to be able to use OpenFirmware to set a boot up password. This would prevent someone from being able to use, for example, single user mode or target boot mode ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Why do laptop screens flicker during video mode changes? [duplicate]

Changing the display mode (resolution and/or refresh rate) causes the screen to flicker or go dark for a few seconds before the image stabilizes. At least this happens on all laptops and desktops I've ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Why do routers sometimes need to be restarted manually?

Every time I call my ISP with the complaint I don't have internet access. , they ask me Did you unplug the router, wait a couple of minutes and plug it in power again? What I cannot ...
2
votes
1answer
370 views

Can't upload original firmware to D-Link DIR-330

I was trying to install dd-wrt on it but it didn't work well. So I'm trying to load the original D-link firmware... I can always get to the emergency firmware upload page after resetting the router ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Is there any alternative firmware for ZTE zxv10 w300

I am sharing a ADSL connection with my friends using a ZTE w300 wireless router. However as many people are sharing the connection when one person is downloading the bandwidth cannot be throtelled. ...
2
votes
1answer
516 views

How to install Mac OS on Quicksilver PowerDesk G4 with blank hard drive

I have a Quicksilver PowerDesk G4 and the hard drive is blank and also I have no boot disc. What should I do then? Would burning a Mac OS 9.2.1 installion disc using a Mac computer and the IS960 ...
2
votes
1answer
298 views

Updating SandForce SSD on JMicron controller in AHCI mode

I would like to update my A-Data S599 drive using ASUS P5V-VM DH board. The board have 2 controllers one is VIA and the other is JMicron. Only JMicron supports AHCI mode which is required to update ...
2
votes
1answer
855 views

Where can I find Samsung SP1203N 120gb internal hard drive firmware update?

I am trying to update the firmware for this drive. I ran a program which messed up the SMART readings on the drive and want to get a newer version of the firmware to fix the issue. My current firmware ...
2
votes
2answers
453 views

8051 MCU debug board function

In school I have written many programs for an 8051 compatible CPU. But I never actually knew how our "debug" sets worked. I mean, we test our programs in special sets, which actually allow you to very ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Can't find newer DLINK Router DIR-400 firmware

If you're here, it means you also have a Dlink 400 router. I asked DLINK but they didn't answer my question. I asked DLINK support again, but this time no answer (2 weeks later). In DLINK FTP site ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

WRTU54G-TM router with 3rd party firmware; Can custom firmware include stock binary portions?

I've been doing a lot of reading online about the Linksys WRTU54G-TM router model that I now own. It seems getting a custom firmware onto it is not a problem. But no one is talking about retaining the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Asus RT-N66U Enable SSH Access

Is the option to enable ssh access to this router not available in the stock version of the firmware? I can only see "Enable Telnet" under Administration -> System. That's kind of lame. Telnet is ...
2
votes
1answer
851 views

D-Link 2640u Router unfortunately update wrong firmware

I have this Dink router: DSL-2640U HW Veer: C2 FW Veer: ME_2.01 I had tried to update firmware to this Indian firmware but it was not compatible with my modem (it's for C4 version). I've seen a ...