A hard link is a directory entry that associates a name with a file or directory on the file-system, in effect creating an alias that may reside elsewhere on the file-system.

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Hardlink on same drive gives error about different drive

I'm using mklink /h to create a hardlink from "d:\some folder" to "d:\some other folder" and Windows 7 is telling me "The system cannot move the file to a different disk drive." But it's NOT a ...
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20 views

Can I hardlink my desktop folder to a different partition so I can put big files on it?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but a hardlink is esentially like a shortcut that can trick applications to think it is a real folder. It allows you to specify an application to point to a shortcut to save ...
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32 views

Soft Link/Hard Link Script for OneDrive

My problem is the following: I had redirected all my Users/Documents, /Pictures, /Videos, /Music folders to another Drive, but also merged them with my relocated OneDrive. Everything was fine and all ...
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1answer
16 views

How to make an exact copy of a directory to an another partition?

I have a 20Gb folder on an ntfs drive. How can I make an exact of only that folder to an another ntfs volume? By exact, I mean, copy pemissions; keep directories hard links (if any); and keep ...
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1answer
28 views

How to Count Hard Links, Symbolic links, and Junctions on an Ntfs Volume

I know of some programs that claim to count one or the other, but I don't know of any that can count all three. I would like to count all three and print out a list like so: Hard Links: 123 ...
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24 views

How to access hardlinked files after upgrading Windows?

I upgraded Windows to Windows 10. Loving it but I can't access all my pdfs which I have hardlinked to different folders on my portable hard drive. Adobe Acrobat shows the error "there was an error ...
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1answer
25 views

Best method to copy big partition contents with many hard links

We had a LVM of almost 16TB with ReiserFS. We now want to add more disks, but we cannot continue using ReiserFS, as it has a maximum capacity of 16TB. This volume is being used to make incremental ...
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150 views

Copy to another NTFS disk and preserve hard links

I have to copy directory structure from one local NTFS disk to another (Windows 7+) and preserve hard links that exist within this directory structure. An acceptable solution would be to replace hard ...
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57 views

Hard Links in Windows - risk of file-loss?

I am now creating hard links to remove duplicate space usage in backup data. This is within single NTFS partitions. I am afraid of data-loss - losing a file completely if one link reference is ...
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1answer
246 views

Rsync backups on btrfs very slow

My environment is Ubuntu 15.04 with kernel 3.19.0-28-generic and Btrfs v3.17. I have two identical external USB hard disks that I use with my backup script. One of them is formatted with btrfs and ...
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12 views

Why does locking a file prevent renaming hardlinks to it?

Suppose I have a file X.foo on a Windows machine (living on an NTFS filesystem, in case it matters). Then, I create a hardlink to it and call it Y.foo. My understanding is that once I've done this, ...
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21 views

Windows using SMB shared from Linux + moving a hard link: what happens?

I have a linux file server which may have this example directory structure: /path/to/directoryA/file1.dat /path/to/some/common/place/data/file1.dat These files are hard-links of each other (i.e. ...
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64 views

Mount drive as NTFS folder vs junction link

Is mounting an drive as NTFS folder same kind of link as doing a directory junction with mklink /j linkname targetpath? The reason im asking this is because we are having problems with NTFS mounted ...
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2answers
614 views

How to replace all duplicate files with hard links?

I have two folders containing various files. Some of the files from the first folder have an exact copy in the second folder. I would like to replace those with a hard link. How can I do that?
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1answer
126 views

Editing the hardlink doesn't edit the original file

I have a file at D:\JavaScript\CheckIban.js, and I want to reuse it in many places without duplicating it. Because when I fix a bug (change its content) I need that change to be propagated to all ...
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2answers
50 views

Transparently split file | Hardlink to file part

I have really big file (TrueCrypt container) and I want to save it in some cloud, but it has constraint on file size, limiting to 2 Gb, also it has some tool to sync directory. The idea is to create ...
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1answer
350 views

“cannot create hard link X to Y: Operation not permitted” on ext2 drive from cygwin cp -al

/cygdrive/d/ is a USB hard disk formatted as ext2 and mounted with ext2fsd. When I try cp -al /cygdrive/d/X /cygdrive/d/Y where X is a file, I get the error in the title. Things I've Tried/Verified ...
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1answer
49 views

How to merge directories of hardlinks potentially pointing to the same files?

I've used a file deduplicator on a large folder with hundreds of thousands of files. The deduplicator created hardlinks for all duplicate files that it detected. If I was to attempt to merge some ...
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2answers
111 views

What happens in linux when you copy a hardlink on top of another hardlink to the same file?

I've used a file deduplicator on a large folder with hundreds of thousands of files. The deduplicator created hardlinks for all duplicate files that it detected. If I was to attempt to merge some ...
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1answer
65 views

Redirect opening requests about a file in a given directory to another file in another directory

I have a simple scenario, but i don't now is there a way in Windows to do it or not: We have 2 directory with these files: Book: D:\sources\Books |___ A.pdf |___ ...
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1answer
52 views

How to check that all files in a file system are can be read without errors?

I'm using an external hard drive with an ext4 file system to make backups. The backup software I use (faubackup) copies the file hierarchy 1:1 into a timestamp-named folder on the hard drive, and ...
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1answer
113 views

Does Time Machine preserve hard links yet?

I have been doing my own backups using rsync to a remote computer. However, due to the recommendation to have a full computer backup before upgrading to OS X 10.10 Yosemite, I am trying to undertake ...
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67 views

Find real size of Windows/winsxs folder in Cygwin

I'm running Cygwin with the default installation. I'm a complete noobie to Linux & Cygwin. I just figured out how to find all hardlinked files in my c:\windows\winsxs folder. (Navigate to ...
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1answer
44 views

How do I list the files in a directory that are hardlinks in windows

I'm trying to work with backups and new versions of backups and I want to check if files listed in a directory are already hardlink alias to some file or if they are the last link to that content. ...
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1answer
40 views

Linking multiple folders into a single folder so that relative paths work. (Fedora)

I have a SVN repo that has a structure that does not line up with the needed relative build paths. The SVN repo directory looks kinda like this root alpha trunk p1 p2 p3 tag branch bravo ...
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128 views

All of the NTFS hard links damaged, where are those 0kb hardlinks stored and how to recover them?

This is Windows 7 x64 sp1 on a NTFS file system. All hardlinks within C:\Windows\System32 folder disappear, and the Windows can't boot, because even the osloader, C:\Windows\System32\boot\Winload.exe ...
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1answer
48 views

replace hard links with copies

I have a file which has other hard links. I want to let it become independent. I know it can be done like this: mv myfile temp cp -a temp myfile Is there any single command which does not require ...
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1answer
44 views

Is there a way to catch all invokations of hardlink creation and replace them with symbolic links?

Assume I have a program or build script (consider it a blackbox) which is creating hardlinks and run on Linux (Debian 7.4). If I want to experiment and find out whether the program would work with ...
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2answers
151 views

Can mklink make portable links?

Is there any way to create portable links in NTFS using mklink? Or it there a better solution? I want to be able to distribute an application in a zip file or folder copy where there is one "real" ...
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1answer
4k views

How to create a hard link in Windows using mklink command?

I've no problem in creating junctions and symbolic links through mklink, but can't create hard link using this command. It returns "Access denied", have tried on both Windows 7 and 8.1 on different ...
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1answer
234 views

Is there a difference between the original file and a hard link to it?

I'd like to synchronise some configuration files via a file hoster like Dropbox. I could create a hard link in the software's configuration folder and let it point to my cloud storage directory. When ...
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1answer
43 views

Inheritance system for folders (symlinks?)

Okay, here's the scenario. I have a base folder "Base" that has a blank, multipurpose template. However, this template is 12 gigabytes. I want to be able to have an inheritance system where linked ...
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1answer
49 views

Replace NTFS hardlinks with files

I deduplicated backup files on an NTFS partition. I would like to know if there is a way to reduplicate the files so that they can be edited individually. Currently /dir1/file1 /dir2/file1 -- hard ...
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2answers
209 views

Safe to delete a folder named “~” [duplicate]

I program I was using to out put some files apparently did not understand the short cut "~" (directory) very well and has done some trickery that has me confused. Rather than put the files where I ...
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2answers
108 views

How is it that symbolic links can be used across different filesystems, and hard links cannot?

How is it that symbolic links can be used to link across different filesystems? And why is that hard links cannot be used across different filesystems?
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1answer
78 views

How can I archive directories containing hardlinks?

I am supporting a legacy Windows 2000 system that contains a number of hardlinks on a shared ntfs drive. We have run out of space on the shared drive and want to know the best way to archive some of ...
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3answers
214 views

Could hardlinks be used for backup deduplication purposes?

I know about full backups, incremental backups and decremental backups. However, I wondered why nobody (Windows Backup, TrueImage, Paragon) seems to have implemented the following backup algorithm. ...
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1answer
287 views

Changing specific shared library of linux executable

I'm building an android application on a GNU/Linux based server and aapt is complaining that lib/libz.so.1 is out of date: /lib/libz.so.1: no version information available (required by .../aapt) ...
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7k views

How to delete Windows NTFS hard link (mklink /h) while original is in use?

On a Windows NTFS file system, I have a file (say, orig.mp3). I open this file, through this path orig.mp3, in such a way that it is in use (say, by playing it in VLC). Then I create a hard link ...
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1answer
212 views

copying a file to a hard link

I recently got bit by a misbehaving in a bash script of mine and was wondering: is this the expected system behavior, or is it a bug what are the ideal workarounds Essentially, the problem boiled ...
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1answer
111 views

Why the link between .. and the parent dir is hardlink?

I just noticed that the link between .. and the parent dir is hardlink, they have the same inode number: starpinker@host /home/starpinker/unix $ ls -ail 8200794 drwxrwxr-x 2 starpinker starpinker ...
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2answers
241 views

How to copy folders on same NTFS drive using hardlinks?

Is there a way to create hardlinks to create a duplicate of a folder on the SAME drive (NTFS formatted)? I am looking to do something like this: XCOPY E:\TEMP\SAMPLE1* E:\TEMP\SAMPLE2\ /s but INSTEAD ...
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1answer
2k views

On Windows 7 how do you check to see if a file is a hardlink? [duplicate]

I just created a hardlink in Windows 7 using mklink. When I use dir the output doesn't indicate that the new hardlink is a hardlink. Instead it looks exactly like the file it is pointing to. Example ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Copy Files from One Drive to Another and Keep Hard-Link in Windows

I have drive A: with 16G Space and plenty of files, due to the Hard-link feature in NTFS, the files together is 15G but only takes 2G of real space. I like to copy all those files to drive B: which ...
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1k views

How to separately count number of files, directories, symbolic links and hard links within a single find run?

To check a successfull migration I'm using find to count the number of files, directories, symbolic links and files with more than one hard link. As the directories to check contain a huge number of ...
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1answer
507 views

How do I create a hardlink in guest user in virtualbox

Apparently, VirtualBox does allow to create hard and soft links inside guest os on shared folders . Now the thing is I need to install a package that is creating hard links Hardlink("lib/abc", ...
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1answer
2k views

Using hard links to move Windows Users folder

I'm currently trying to move bulky folders from my SSD to my HDD (my Users folder and ProgramData folder). I'm following a short guide on using Directory Junctions to do this effectively. However, ...
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1answer
642 views

Why don't hard link destinations on Windows Server 2003 immediately show the proper file size and last modified time?

I wanted to create hardlinks to files on Windows Server 2003 and I stumbled upon the superuser question hardlinks on ntfs with windows. I tried mklink as one of the answers suggested and found that ...
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1answer
107 views

Dropbox won't detect edited files using Remote GIT bare repository folder and ssh

Here's the situation... I develop under windows8 and I have some projects, every project, with a specific local git repository For each local repository I have a remote bare repository on my VPS (I ...
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3answers
87 views

directory in /proc/sys/net/ipv4/config have no hard links?

Why the directories inside /proc/sys/net/ipv4/config have no hard links? ls -l /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf total 0 dr-xr-xr-x 0 root root 0 Dec 31 08:27 all dr-xr-xr-x 0 root root 0 Dec 31 08:27 default ...