A hard link is a directory entry that associates a name with a file or directory on the file-system, in effect creating an alias that may reside elsewhere on the file-system.

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2answers
493 views

Make hard links as I copy a directory

I would like to create a bat file to copy a directory, with everything in it (sub-directories, including hidden directories) - by making hard links. I tested xcopy %source% %destination% /E /C /R /I ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

Can I save space in a Maildir by hard-linking identical message files?

Obviously, the answer to the question in the title is yes. But I really want to know if I can do it without breaking anything. I am using offlineimap to back up my Gmail account to a Maildir on my ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create a hard link in Windows using mklink command?

I've no problem in creating junctions and symbolic links through mklink, but can't create hard link using this command. It returns "Access denied", have tried on both Windows 7 and 8.1 on different ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

How to merge directories of hardlinks potentially pointing to the same files?

I've used a file deduplicator on a large folder with hundreds of thousands of files. The deduplicator created hardlinks for all duplicate files that it detected. If I was to attempt to merge some ...
-1
votes
2answers
29 views

What happens in linux when you copy a hardlink on top of another hardlink to the same file?

I've used a file deduplicator on a large folder with hundreds of thousands of files. The deduplicator created hardlinks for all duplicate files that it detected. If I was to attempt to merge some ...
11
votes
5answers
5k views

Using NTFS hard links to combine full/differential backups

Short: Is it possible to (robo)copy a directory tree using hard links instead of physical copy? I want to make a daily backup of my data files, every day in it's own directory. Now most files don't ...
32
votes
8answers
37k views

How can you see the actual hard link by ls?

I run ln /a/A /b/B I would like to see at the folder a where the file A points to by ls.
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Redirect opening requests about a file in a given directory to another file in another directory

I have a simple scenario, but i don't now is there a way in Windows to do it or not: We have 2 directory with these files: Book: D:\sources\Books |___ A.pdf |___ ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Copy Files from One Drive to Another and Keep Hard-Link in Windows

I have drive A: with 16G Space and plenty of files, due to the Hard-link feature in NTFS, the files together is 15G but only takes 2G of real space. I like to copy all those files to drive B: which ...
2
votes
1answer
338 views

File disappears from Finder when hard link copy is deleted

Ok, I just got quite the scare... I have a folder with some important files. Using the Terminal I had created hard-links to those files in a different folder. Something like this: mkdir test ln ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

TextEdit not caring about hard links? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Hard link not works under Mac OS X in GUI mode I did a little experiment. First I ran the following in a Terminal: mkdir test cd test echo "A" > a echo "B" > b ln ...
1
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1answer
30 views

How to check that all files in a file system are can be read without errors?

I'm using an external hard drive with an ext4 file system to make backups. The backup software I use (faubackup) copies the file hierarchy 1:1 into a timestamp-named folder on the hard drive, and ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Does Time Machine preserve hard links yet?

I have been doing my own backups using rsync to a remote computer. However, due to the recommendation to have a full computer backup before upgrading to OS X 10.10 Yosemite, I am trying to undertake ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How to delete Windows NTFS hard link (mklink /h) while original is in use?

On a Windows NTFS file system, I have a file (say, orig.mp3). I open this file, through this path orig.mp3, in such a way that it is in use (say, by playing it in VLC). Then I create a hard link ...
1
vote
1answer
423 views

How do I get Windows 7 to recognize a Junctioned User folder?

I'd like to junction or hard-link my C:\Users[me]\ folder to a folder on my D: drive for space reasons. This has worked for me in the past, but after a recent reformat/reinstall of Win7 x64, Windows ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I check the actual size used in an NTFS directory with many hardlinks?

On a Win7 NTFS volume, I'm using cwrsync which supports --link-dest correctly to create "snapshot" type backups. So I have: z:\backups\2010-11-28\cygdrive\c\Users\... ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Linking multiple folders into a single folder so that relative paths work. (Fedora)

I have a SVN repo that has a structure that does not line up with the needed relative build paths. The SVN repo directory looks kinda like this root alpha trunk p1 p2 p3 tag branch bravo ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Find real size of Windows/winsxs folder in Cygwin

I'm running Cygwin with the default installation. I'm a complete noobie to Linux & Cygwin. I just figured out how to find all hardlinked files in my c:\windows\winsxs folder. (Navigate to ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Moving hard linked files to another HDD (Windows 7)

Is there a way to move hard linked files from one hard drive to another while preserving hard links? If i try to just move 2 hard linked files I get a copy of original file instead of a hard link, is ...
38
votes
3answers
5k views

What are the various link types in Windows? How do I create them?

Is it possible to link two files or folders without having a different extension under Windows? I'm looking for functionality equivalent to the soft and hard links in Unix.
0
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0answers
39 views

Relocate AppData, except hard-linked files and folders

Since I got an SSD, i'm trying to relocate some files and folders (temp,logsetc) to my external disk (which is always attached). I did this with my appdata folder as well, and used the mklink command ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How do I list the files in a directory that are hardlinks in windows

I'm trying to work with backups and new versions of backups and I want to check if files listed in a directory are already hardlink alias to some file or if they are the last link to that content. ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Windows hard links for directories

How can I make hard links for directories in Windows 7? That means that the 2 (or more?) linked directories refer to the same inode (group of inodes) so they will be exact duplicated and every change ...
0
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0answers
71 views

All of the NTFS hard links damaged, where are those 0kb hardlinks stored and how to recover them?

This is Windows 7 x64 sp1 on a NTFS file system. All hardlinks within C:\Windows\System32 folder disappear, and the Windows can't boot, because even the osloader, C:\Windows\System32\boot\Winload.exe ...
14
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3answers
22k views

Make a hard link without extra programs in Windows 7

My objective here is to synchronize my emule credit file (application.dat?) by Dropbox. But the credit file is not inside the Dropbox directory (by default). So I want to make a hard link to get this ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to properly store dotfiles in a centralized git repository

I'd like to put all my dotfiles (like .profile, .gitconfig, etc.) in a central git repository, so I can more easily keep track of the changes. I did this, but I would like to know how to properly ...
1
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1answer
31 views

replace hard links with copies

I have a file which has other hard links. I want to let it become independent. I know it can be done like this: mv myfile temp cp -a temp myfile Is there any single command which does not require ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

copying a file to a hard link

I recently got bit by a misbehaving in a bash script of mine and was wondering: is this the expected system behavior, or is it a bug what are the ideal workarounds Essentially, the problem boiled ...
4
votes
1answer
323 views

Unix: softlinks, hardlinks

I am somewhat confused what the differences between a softlink, and a hardlink are (on unix). It seems like a softlink is the same as a shortcut in windows or an alias on Mac OS X. (Can someone ...
0
votes
3answers
690 views

How to separately count number of files, directories, symbolic links and hard links within a single find run?

To check a successfull migration I'm using find to count the number of files, directories, symbolic links and files with more than one hard link. As the directories to check contain a huge number of ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Virtual join-directory on Windows

Problem: Say I have a video spanned over 2 files (vid001.avi & vid002.avi) and each file is on a seperate CD/DVD. If the 2 files are in the same directory my player will automatically play the ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Is there a way to catch all invokations of hardlink creation and replace them with symbolic links?

Assume I have a program or build script (consider it a blackbox) which is creating hardlinks and run on Linux (Debian 7.4). If I want to experiment and find out whether the program would work with ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Windows 7 mklink - hard link's attributes (expected !) + contents do not affect the linked file

Now - this is driving me crazy. I created a hard link pointing to a file in my dropbox dir - the link was created inside a folder where this file needs to be in order to be accessed by the programs I ...
1
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2answers
70 views

Can mklink make portable links?

Is there any way to create portable links in NTFS using mklink? Or it there a better solution? I want to be able to distribute an application in a zip file or folder copy where there is one "real" ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Windows symbolic link detect change

I'm using programs that have settings.ini files. Normally when I change the file, the program detects the change and updates. But if settings.ini is a symbolic link, no programs ever detect when it ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Is there a difference between the original file and a hard link to it?

I'd like to synchronise some configuration files via a file hoster like Dropbox. I could create a hard link in the software's configuration folder and let it point to my cloud storage directory. When ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Unable to preserve hard links. Why?

I'm trying to create a Makefile that would automate remastering Knoppix distribution. I'm trying to copy filesystem from the read-only compressed loop device to normal filesystem to be able to modify ...
0
votes
0answers
144 views

Share Firefox History and Bookmarks without using Firefox Sync

I'm using Tor Browser 3.5.3 having Firefox 24.0.0 ESR and another Firefox 29.0.b1 . I want to have my Web Browsing history, Bookmarks to appear in both the TOR and standard Firefox. Inbuilt Firefox ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Inheritance system for folders (symlinks?)

Okay, here's the scenario. I have a base folder "Base" that has a blank, multipurpose template. However, this template is 12 gigabytes. I want to be able to have an inheritance system where linked ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Make hard-link from Windows' Desktop to cygdrive

When I open Cygwin, I want that I can see the Desktop -folder (I do not want to move its original location, I think the thing I want is hard-link with ln -cmd -- but not sure, this is my first idea to ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Replace NTFS hardlinks with files

I deduplicated backup files on an NTFS partition. I would like to know if there is a way to reduplicate the files so that they can be edited individually. Currently /dir1/file1 /dir2/file1 -- hard ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Safe to delete a folder named “~” [duplicate]

I program I was using to out put some files apparently did not understand the short cut "~" (directory) very well and has done some trickery that has me confused. Rather than put the files where I ...
0
votes
1answer
439 views

Why don't hard link destinations on Windows Server 2003 immediately show the proper file size and last modified time?

I wanted to create hardlinks to files on Windows Server 2003 and I stumbled upon the superuser question hardlinks on ntfs with windows. I tried mklink as one of the answers suggested and found that ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

How is it that symbolic links can be used across different filesystems, and hard links cannot?

How is it that symbolic links can be used to link across different filesystems? And why is that hard links cannot be used across different filesystems?
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How can I archive directories containing hardlinks?

I am supporting a legacy Windows 2000 system that contains a number of hardlinks on a shared ntfs drive. We have run out of space on the shared drive and want to know the best way to archive some of ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Changing specific shared library of linux executable

I'm building an android application on a GNU/Linux based server and aapt is complaining that lib/libz.so.1 is out of date: /lib/libz.so.1: no version information available (required by .../aapt) ...
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3answers
104 views

Could hardlinks be used for backup deduplication purposes?

I know about full backups, incremental backups and decremental backups. However, I wondered why nobody (Windows Backup, TrueImage, Paragon) seems to have implemented the following backup algorithm. ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How to create a directory hard link in Windows?

I was trying to create a directory hard link (not a symbolic one). I've tried this: mklink /d /h newfolder currentfolder but it's telling me Access is denied. I don't understand how is access denied ...
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votes
4answers
7k views

How do I delete hardlinks, symbolic links, junction points, etc please?

I could be wrong, but I'm yet to hear a valid argument for the exploitability that these things deliver...outweighing their very dubious / debatable functionality. They seem to me to be marginally ...
28
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between NTFS hard links and directory junctions?

The title says it all... what's the difference? When do I use one and when do I use the other? Added: Note that Junction points, Hard links and Symbolic (soft) links are three separate things on ...