The main component of most operating systems, the kernel manages most of a computer's communication between hardware and software. Typically, the kernel is the lowest level of abstraction a programmer can have to a resource.

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Need To uncompress the initramfs file

I am new to this Linux Kernel and I am trying to boot a board from the usb and I was sucessfull Now My problem is the usb has two files a) initramfs.cpio.xz b) linux.img Now what I need to do ...
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431 views

Syslogd: hardware error

The machine has been sending these messages to the terminal, paired with beeps from the speaker on the motherboard. These messages appear every 5 minutes, sometimes naming CPU2, sometimes CPU3. ...
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2answers
2k views

Not enough host controller resources for new device state

I have a debian mint based system where I plug in 16 usb devices. The Kernal is: 3.11.0-12-generic After about 10 or so devices I start to experience problems with connecting new ones. There error ...
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0answers
109 views

OS X MCP_ELPG_VCORE_STS_SATA_POWERED_UP never reached! error

I'm using a macbook air and it keeps shutting itself down in the middle of usage and brings the following error Anonymous UUID: 3B35044A-64F2-3EA5-3C7B-5C908E62F2F6 Mon Mar 17 23:52:31 2014 ...
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4answers
7k views

Killing wininit.exe shuts down Windows

When I kill wininit.exe, Windows 7 suddenly shuts down. Can someone explain this using Windows mechanics? I feel like this might because the process provides something important, or this might be a ...
2
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1answer
191 views

How to git clone specific linux kernel build

I know I can git clone the linux kernel using the following: git clone \ git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git \ linux-2.6 But I'm wondering how to clone a specific ...
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1answer
474 views

In sysctl.conf settings, what is the difference between 'all' & 'default'?

In context of sysctl.conf settings, what is the difference between (all vs. default) like net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route & net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route in sysctl settings ? ...
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1answer
36 views

How to setup mainline kernel

I need to set up mainline kernel on my ubuntu machine. I went to the kernel.org and downloaded the the zip file and unzipped it. Now, I have the copy on my local machine. But how to keep it updated, ...
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2answers
175 views

What does the below sentence mean? [closed]

Windows CE is a distinct operating system and kernel, rather than a trimmed-down version of desktop Windows. — Wikipedia's Windows CE entry. The cited source for that sentence in Wikipedia is a ...
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0answers
75 views

My windows 7 keeps randomly freezing when I'm doing a variety of activitiess

The screen stays the same but goes unresponsive, and I get a loud ringing robotic sound through my headset. Log Name: System Source: Microsoft-Windows-Kernel-Power Date: ...
2
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1answer
75 views

How is system call executed [closed]

From the point of view of application programmer the system call is just invocation of a procedure from wrapper library. As I don't have good knowledge of assembly I was wondering how it is done on ...
0
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1answer
125 views

Ubuntu kernel upgrade after graphic card driver update

I use Ubuntu 12.04 with an ATI Radeon 5450 graphic card. I use 2 monitors, and I had to update the video driver because the default one doesn't remember its settings after reboot. I have found out ...
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1answer
292 views

Linux benchmark SSD vs HDD

I wonder if there is any performance difference when using SSD as the main Hard drive rather than mounting it to be used by different applications on the server. For example using a command line ...
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0answers
425 views

how to resolve kernel_security_check_failure

I am trying to re-install my Nokia-E5 software by Nokia suite ,I have windows-8.1 OS on my laptop , I am getting this error kernel_security_check_failure . And my laptop restarts. I have no idea how ...
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1answer
92 views

On telnet session file edit not happening using vi editor

I used rlwrap because with telnet session arrow keys were not working, after starting telnet session with rlwrap am not able to edit the file in using vi editor. Whether its problem with rlwrap.If i ...
2
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1answer
279 views

What is the rationale behind the default values for adjtimex --adjust?

The adjtimex utility has an --adjust mode that can be used to compare the system clock with the CMOS clock, calculate suggested values for the tick and frequency offset kernel time variables, and ...
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1answer
108 views

Questions about behaviour of running LiveCD Linux after unmounting a CD-ROM

Could anyone explain what happens in system after unplugging CD-ROM during working with LiveCD session? Suppose that I'm using Ubuntu LiveCD and suddenly by accident the CD-ROM disconnect for a ...
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3answers
10k views

Why Centos still not using Latest kernel

As i have seen many changes and improvement in kernel 3.xx The improvement i like is dmcache which introduced in kernel 3.9 I have 3 server with centos installed on all machine Centos is still ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Can a kernel that supports multi-core reduce cpu overhead, reduce cpu overheat

I found only a single core as identified by kernel from /proc/cpuinfo. Therefore I am installing a 686 pae kernel to identify all cores and get multi-core functionality. I read about how a process ...
2
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1answer
239 views

Ubuntu: change kernel order

How can I change the boot kernel order in Ubuntu server 13.10? grep menuentry /boot/grub/grub.cfg menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option ...
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2answers
4k views

Ubuntu Server 13.10: How to downgrade kernel

Ubuntu Server 13.10 appears to be very unstable, I got random crashes of the system with no apparent reason and nothing is showing in syslog. This is screenshot from the console when the crash ...
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3answers
6k views

Allow non-root process to bind to port 80 and 443?

Is it possible to tune a kernel parameter to allow a userland program to bind to port 80 and 443? The reason I ask is I think its foolish to allow a privileged process to open a socket and listen. ...
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1answer
65 views

Strip Linux for a fixed-hardware system [duplicate]

Apologies if this is not the appropriate place to post! I am designing a minimal Linux system to test on an industrial PC. The ultimate goal is security. The hardware of the PC is known and will not ...
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1answer
2k views

Compile the kernel to increase the command line max length

Following up on http://stackoverflow.com/questions/14176089/system-command-line-max-length-in-perl, which say the max length for exec/command line arguments is controlled by ARG_MAX. So I want to ...
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1answer
2k views

What does this mean: considerRebuildOfPrelinkedKernel prebuild rebuild has expired

A line I accidentally spotted in system.log on MacOS X 10.9.1 when I connected an external USB webcam for the first time ever.... Subsequent connects to the usb port did not produce this message ...
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0answers
42 views

Is it common to get error while kernel compilation?

I was just wondering if its normal getting error while compiling kernel with ubuntu 12.04. (i've already done 2.6.37.3 after solving few errors) Is there any kernel version which will be compiled ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Which files are cached by linux?

I understand that linux uses unused RAM to keep some files cached. But I wonder, which files it actually caches! If you take a look at free : Gesamt Belegt Frei Gemeinsam Puffer Cached Speicher: ...
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1answer
428 views

Linux: Random kernel oops in mmap functions

For the last month or so I've been getting seemingly random kernel oopses. I've started to notice a pattern: from looking at the traces, the call trace always involves mmap functions. Whenever one of ...
3
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1answer
5k views

What does `apt-get install linux-headers-generic` do

Looking for explanation on apt-get install linux-headers-generic. What does installing linux-headers for a kernel do ? The significance of that command at the time of kernel installation and after a ...
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votes
2answers
2k views

How to add a new kernel entry in grub2? [duplicate]

Please anybody help me! I am building kernel from source code downloaded from http://kernel.org. I successfully built it and installed modules. Now i want that my kernel option should come at the ...
3
votes
2answers
505 views

Why will dmesg have message from user space?

you can use dmesg -u to see log from userspace. In my case, I have log from systemd and lvm. Why is this happening, why userspace program can print to kernel buffer ring?
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1answer
249 views

Dmesg boot dumps, udev and boot time

The following is my dmesg dump. [ 1.452016] udevd[121]: starting version 175 [ 1.522976] thermal LNXTHERM:00: registered as thermal_zone0 [ 1.522989] ACPI: Thermal Zone [THM] (76 C) [ ...
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2answers
272 views

How to understand this messages in /var/log/messages?

the messages is: Dec 18 10:08:55 localhost kernel: sdb: Current [descriptor]: sense key: Recovered Error Dec 18 10:08:55 localhost kernel: Add. Sense: ATA pass through information available Dec ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Turn on out of memory killer

I am running ubuntu 13.04 and currently if any user accidently writes some code that uses too much RAM it brings the whole system down so badly I have to switch the power off and on again. Is there ...
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2answers
224 views

Unable to configure the Linux Kernel v3.8.9 source code

I'm running Linux Mint with kernel version 3.8.0-29-generic. So I downloaded and extracted the Linux Kernel 3.8.9 source code and placed the folder in the main directory. Now using the command make ...
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3answers
3k views

Logitech M560 mouse on linux sends messed up input events

My friend bought yesterday a Logitech M560 mouse (you can see it here) and tried it on her Ubuntu system. It seems to be a relatively new model, so there is no info about it anywhere, except for ...
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0answers
64 views

Can a driver be compiled alone instead of the whole linux kernel?

I made some changes to the serial driver on my linux machine. I've been trying to compile the module and reload it, but it throws some errors. Instead, if I recompile the whole kernel it works fine. ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are user level threads faster than kernel level threads?

I found out that user level threads are a lot faster than kernel level threads but I could not find any convincing example of WHY is user level threads are faster than kernel level threads ? Could ...
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4answers
104 views

How do I get the latest linux kernel, and why would I want to do that in the first place?

I'm running 3.10-3-686-pae, and I think I would like to upgrade to 3.12 just so I can learn more about how it all works. My computer runs pretty well considering how old it is. I have been learning to ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Will applications running in root mode be able to overwrite OS's or other program's memory section?

I read here that any application running in root mode can issue a kernel call and execute in kernel mode. Is is possible that ANY application running in root mode can make a kernel call, go to kernel ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

Can linux kernel be installed alone without any other existing OS

Hi I am newbie to linux world. I have just downloaded the latest kernel from kernel.org. I want to install this simple kernel into my PC(my PC is formatted and has empty hdd). Can I do that? if so, ...
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0answers
7 views

How to approach searching for sources of interface unresponsiveness

On Debian Linux: On a relatively powerful machine I ran an update and both the kernel and the window manager got updated to newer version. At that point the machine become noticeably less responsive: ...
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1answer
95 views

Why is my Mac contacting Romania?

I just used Onyx to clean out my caches and log files after which I did a reboot. Browsing the "All Messages" panel of the Console app I noticed this line: 10/27/13 3:38:03.000 PM kernel: ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

How to make Linux reliably boot on multi-cpu machines?

I've got two machines, one with 4x12 AMD Opteron cores (AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 6176), one with 2x8 Xeon cores (HT disabled; Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2660 0 @ 2.20GHz). On both machines I experience ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Which classes of drivers require an ABI bump for Windows 8.1?

I noticed that Windows 8.1 installed a lot of new drivers for several of my devices, but I don't know if that's because there was just an updated one available on Windows Update, or if the kernel ...
3
votes
4answers
339 views

Is the Windows kernel considered an “application”?

If it is true that all Windows files with the ".exe" file extension are considered "applications", is NTOSKRNL.exe, the Windows kernel, an "application", or is this an exception to the rule? What ...
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3answers
86 views

Are linux driver support at kernel level?

Until now, I thought that linux drivers are at kernel level. That means, drivers are packed inside the kernel, so different distributions should support the same hardware as long as they run the same ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Problems with mounting HFS+ drives

I have a problem mounting some hfsplus drives. I just need them mounted readonly. (disabling journal is not an option) I did a lot of research and found out that due to changes from kernel version ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

On certain Linux boxes, variables in the stack seems to be initialized to 0 - why?

I have a buggy program that pushes a variable onto stack and may use it without initialization. I take the same binary and run it on different Linux boxes. Those boxes have different CPUs (i5, i7), ...
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0answers
114 views

linux + squashfs-tools for red-hat 5.3

I want to install the squashfs-tools-4.0-5.el6.i686.rpm But I have the following dependencies ( after RPM installation ) please advice what the additional packages that I need to install on my linux ...