A family of Unix-like operating systems using the Linux kernel. If your question is about a certain distribution only, use a more specific tag.

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27
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4answers
2k views

How to create a file which is named like a command line argument?

I was wondering how to make a file named as a flag, e.g., if I wanted to make a folder named -a, what commands would do the trick? I tried mkdir '-a', mkdir \-a, and neither worked. I'm on Ubuntu.
27
votes
4answers
12k views

How to lock a file against deletion but still make it writeable?

I want to make a file locked against deletion but still be writeable. How do I do this? The file in question is a Truecrypt volume as a file on a NAS SMB Network share, so I don't want to ...
27
votes
11answers
17k views

How to Remove the Last 2 Lines of a Very Large File

I have a very large file ~400G, and I need to remove the last 2 lines from it. I tried to use sed, but it ran for hours before I gave up. Is there a quick way of doing this, or am I stuck with sed?
27
votes
9answers
54k views

How do I move files and directories to the parent folder in Linux?

In Linux (Ubuntu), how do you move all the files and directories to the parent directory?
27
votes
2answers
9k views

Maximize window in tmux

tmux shows screen like this: [root@wpc-fc2 init]# |············ |············ ...
27
votes
4answers
17k views

How do I “identify with services” on IRC?

I am using irrsi as my irc cilent on ubuntu I have entered "/join #android-dev" in my command window. But I am getting this error message: 22:05 -!- #android-dev Cannot join channel (+r) - you need ...
27
votes
6answers
63k views

Swap partition size for 4GB RAM

I'm planning to install Ubuntu 9.04 version. How much space should I dedicate for swap partition. I remember setting it to double the RAM size when I installed long back. At that time my RAM was 256 ...
27
votes
4answers
19k views

How to copy a file without using scp inside an ssh session?

I have logged on to a system with ssh and there is no scp present on both the systems. How to copy a file without using the scp program.
27
votes
6answers
99k views

Modify fstab entry so all users can Read and Write to an EXT4 Volume

I have an Ubuntu 10.04 box with an EXT4 partition. This partition is set to automatically mount in /etc/fstab. For the purposes of this post, we'll call it: /media/foo. Unfortunately, only root ...
27
votes
2answers
17k views

How do I search for a word or a phrase in the Linux 'man' command and cycle through the found solutions?

When looking for a certain word or phrase in the man page of Linux command, one can type '/' followed by the word or phrase to search for it. What I'd like to be able to do is to search for the next ...
27
votes
2answers
54k views

How do I gunzip to a different destination directory?

How do I gunzip to a destination directory other than the current one? This did not work: gunzip *.gz /putthemhere/
27
votes
4answers
20k views

Is there a linux command like mv but with regex?

For example I want to mv (.*?).sql $1.php, is there a command that lets me specify renaming patterns?
26
votes
2answers
3k views

Changed the PATH, now I'm getting “command not found” for everything

Amazon Linux Server, connected with SSH: I tried to change the PATH for the apache user by making some changes in /etc/environment (PATH=$PATH:/opt/openoffice4/program) and /etc/sysconfig/httpd ...
26
votes
8answers
84k views

How to install PHPMyAdmin on Linux EC2 instance?

I just finished setting up a default Linux EC2 instance and would like to install PHPMyAdmin. I already have Apache and MySQL installed but cannot seem to install PHPMyAdmin. I tried using sudo ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does a failed linux login take so long? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why would an incorrect password attempt take a lot longer to process than a correct one? When you get the correct login credentials, you are logged in immediately. When ...
26
votes
7answers
5k views

Why create many partitions?

I have noticed that when installing Ubuntu some people create multiple partitions for directories. Like one for root, one for home, one for boot. What is the advantage to doing this over installing ...
26
votes
4answers
39k views

How do I find (and kill) process running on a certain port? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Finding the process that is using a certain port in Linux I'm using Ubuntu Linux 11.04. How do I write a shell script expression that will find the process running on ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

What's all those users in the /etc/passwd file?

The /etc/passwd is supposed to have a line for every user on the system. Amongst the common username and root there is a bunch of other users. Some examples: timidity:x:114:127:TiMidity++ MIDI ...
26
votes
2answers
28k views

How to find uptime of a linux process

How do I find the uptime of a given linux process. ps aux | grep gedit | grep -v grep gives me a whole lot of information which includes the time at which the process was started. I am specifically ...
26
votes
4answers
28k views

terminal tool (linux) for repair corrupted zip files

I've a corrupt zip file. I've tried to repair it with zip -F file.zip and zip -FF file.zip but was not successful. Is there another terminal tool under Linux for repairing?
26
votes
9answers
6k views

How to track LAN usage? (AKA 'top for LAN')

There's an evil application that is eating ALL my upload bandwidth (I'm brazilian, it's only ~35kbps) for like 80% of the time my PC is turned on. I would like to know if there's any way to track ...
26
votes
1answer
75k views

How can I convert multiple files to UTF-8 encoding using *nix command line tools? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Batch-convert files for encoding or line ending I have a bunch of text files that I'd like to convert from any given charset to UTF-8 encoding. Are there any command ...
26
votes
1answer
124k views

How can I add Linux to the new Windows 8 boot manager?

Which OSes can be put into the new bootloader that Windows 8 provides? It seems to be quite pretty and consistent with the rest of the new Windows 8 design, so it would be cool to put Linux (Ubuntu) ...
26
votes
6answers
8k views

How to whois new TLDs?

How can I look up new TLDs, such as .email, .guru, etc., using the whois command in linux? Running whois on a new TLD only gives the response: No whois server is known for this kind of object.
26
votes
3answers
16k views

Resume rsync over SSH after broken connection?

I have to transfer large amounts of data (>80 GB) over ssh using rsync. Everything is working fine, but the DSL connection where the backup data is sent from will drop once every 24h for up to 3 ...
26
votes
3answers
9k views

Replace OS X's shell commands with the linux versions?

The commands available by default in the Terminal in OS X, don't seem to behave like their linux versions. How can I replace all of them with the actual GNU linux commands? For example sed -i ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does deleting from the command line take significantly less time than from a GUI?

Something I wondered about as I was deleting a dozen or so images from my computer: With a quick rm -rf command on the directory's contents, all the images were gone in a snap. When I drag the same ...
26
votes
8answers
24k views

How to create a zip file compatible with Windows under Linux

I need to make a zip file available to all my Windows users visitors, so I naively produced a zip file with the Unix zip command (let's call it madeinlinux.zip). It opens successfully with WinRar or ...
26
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there a way to make bash more TAB friendly?

I use bash on both my Mac and as my cygwin shell. Overall, I'm quite pleased with it. My one complaint however is that its TAB completion isn't as good as Windows Command Line TAB completion. For ...
26
votes
5answers
18k views

Exclude hidden files when searching with Unix/Linux find?

What options do I need to use with find to exclude hidden files?
26
votes
3answers
2k views

Enable Emacs-like keybindings scheme for all QT applications

As for GTK apps under Gnome environment it's possible to set all applications to use Emacs-like input scheme: $ gconftool --set -t string /desktop/gnome/interface/gtk_key_theme Emacs $ gconftool ...
25
votes
6answers
61k views

why run a Linux shell command with &?

I am using Red Hat Linux Enterprise version 5. I've noticed people sometimes running commands with a couple of & options. For example, in the below command, there are two & signs. What is the ...
25
votes
7answers
31k views

Find and delete all the directories named “test” in linux

I have many directories named "test" and I would like to remove them. I know how to find them and print them using: find . -name test -print Now, how to do I remove the directories? Please note ...
25
votes
7answers
37k views

When to use Bash and when to use Perl/Python/Ruby?

We are doing all our scripting with Bash so far, but I'm starting to feel a bit silly about it. While we can of course do everything we want with Bash (it's quite powerful), I'm starting to wonder if ...
25
votes
7answers
37k views

How do I fix the Shellshock security vulnerability in debian testing/jessie?

The test command x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash shows that my Debian 8 (Jessie) installation is vulnerable, even with the latest updates. Research shows that there's a patch for stable and ...
25
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is it possible to change the password of an admin user on linux?

A few days ago, a friend of mine, wanted to show me that he can use my linux even if I don't tell him my password. He entered in GRUB, selected the recovery mode option. My first problem is that he ...
25
votes
8answers
19k views

Linux: Getting date & time of system startup

I know that uptime prints the time a machine has been up and running, but is there an easier (reliable) way to get the date of the start up than counting down from this output? I tried looking around ...
25
votes
8answers
15k views

Linux keylogger without root or sudo! Is it real?

Somebody on Youtube claims to have a keylogger on Ubuntu that was neither executed nor installed as root. The link below shows a demo of it working. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1fZAZTwyPQ ...
25
votes
6answers
6k views

gitk looks ugly / doesn't honor theme settings

I'm running Xubuntu, (actually linux mint with xfce on top, but I suppose it's essentially the same thing) I set my appearance theme to (a modified version of) MurrinaStormCloud, but if I run gitk, ...
25
votes
6answers
43k views

command not found when using sudo

There are a few question on the site that seem related to my problem but I could not find a solution in any of them. My operating system is Ubuntu 12.04. I have mvn installed in ...
25
votes
2answers
28k views

Is it possible to install the Helvetica font on linux?

I don't know too much about the licensing issues surrounding fonts, but I would like to install Helvetica on my machine for my own personal use. I haven't been able to find a whole lot about this on ...
25
votes
5answers
79k views

How can I edit the $PATH on linux?

I am using ubuntu 9.04 I need to add some folder to my $PATH. I know how to read the path: echo $PATH I want to be able to edit it and add 2 other paths. Thanks
25
votes
1answer
41k views

Why is the “top” command showing a CPU usage of 799%?

I am running a process in a 4 core Ubuntu server. However, top command shows that the CPU usage is 799% all the time. How can this be possible? I know for multi core CPUs, more than 100% CPU usage ...
25
votes
3answers
8k views

How can I make the bash backtick operator keep newlines in output?

Is there a way to make bash not eat newlines in the backtick substitution? For example: var=`echo line one && echo line two` echo $var line one line two What I want is var=`echo line one ...
25
votes
8answers
11k views

Any beat detection software for Linux?

Amarok 2 can search through music collection using ID3v2 tag's 'bpm' field. That would be very nice to retag the entire music collection so I can find the 'mood' of the track I like. However I've not ...
25
votes
5answers
5k views

VirtualBox from an existing partition

I installed VirtualBox on my Ubuntu Hardy Heron installation, and I would like to use it to virtualize Windows for those rare occasions that I actually need to do something there. Unfortunately, I ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a one line command to make chmod interactive?

I am looking for something like: ls | ask_yes_no_for_each_file | chmod +x the_files_approved Or similar syntax. Also could work on other commands that you want individual confirmation for.
24
votes
4answers
17k views

push/pop current directory?

With bash is there a way to push and pop the current working directory? I tried writing bash;cd dir; ./dostuff;exit; but the current directory is now dir.
24
votes
2answers
1k views

What problems does udev actually solve?

For that matter, what exactly was wrong with a bunch of static files in /dev? It's apparently unsatisfactory enough for developers to have reinvented this wheel by my count 3 times now (devfs -> udev ...
24
votes
5answers
3k views

Why doesn't Gzip compression eliminate duplicate chunks of data?

I just did a little experiment where I created a tar archive with duplicate files to see if it would be compressed, to my awe, it was not! Details follow (results indented for reading pleasure): $ dd ...