The command to list the contents of a folder/directory in Unix and Unix-like systems.

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42
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7answers
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How to list folders using bash commands?

Is there any way to list just the folders in a directory using bash commands? ( as the ls command lists all the files and folders )
1
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2answers
20 views

Finding php files that have numbers in the filename

Can someone help me with a command line to find all .php files on a server with a number in the filename? I have searched, as best I can, for other answers, but they typically show for a specific ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

is there a way to read the cumulative size of all files in a folder?

I want to read the size of a folder from the command line. ls -lh shows all folders as being 4k, which presumably is the size of the footprint of the folder itself, rather than the contained files. ...
0
votes
1answer
337 views

Why doesn't ls show the group name?

When I use ls -l, it does NOT show the group names in the listings. Only the user names. aj@host:/media/storage$ ll total 724 drwxrwxrwx 10 root 4096 Sep 17 18:23 . drwxr-xr-x 3 root ...
143
votes
3answers
6k views

On OS X, why does sudo ls show hidden (dot) files?

With OS X Yosemite, using the following commands, I get the following: $ touch .a $ touch b $ /bin/ls b $ /bin/ls -A .a b $ sudo /bin/ls .a b It shows hidden files (that have names starting with ...
9
votes
3answers
817 views

What does third symbol in “rw-” file mode mean in OS X ls manual page?

I have trouble understanding ls's manual regarding a file that has rw- mode. Here's the quote: If r, the file is readable; if −, it is not readable. If w, the file is writable; if −, it is ...
7
votes
3answers
429 views

Bash: ls * without folder grouping

If I type: ls source/* source/fonts: fontello source/images: bg1.png eng.png fra.png I get the list of files, grouped by folder names. How can I simply get the list of ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Why “ls” command highlights some folders?

Why LS highlights folder PyFac ? How disable this highlighting? IMG My .profile: if [ -f $(brew --prefix)/etc/bash_completion ]; then . $(brew --prefix)/etc/bash_completion fi export CLICOLOR=1 ...
571
votes
7answers
380k views
0
votes
1answer
25 views

When in ~ directory, why doesn't ls show /usr/ directory?

I can cd /usr/, but why doesn't ls -a or ls -d or ls -d */ show me that the usr directory is there? I have already seen this question, but ls -d */ yields ls: cannot access */: No such file or ...
46
votes
10answers
31k views

Unix: ls, how to sort first directories then files etc

I would like to use ls command to first show direcotries and then files. I tried ls -la | sort -k 1 But I got a wrong order.
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Vi can write to file despite file being read-only

The following example show how to create a file with only read permissions. As we can see, when I try to write to this file using the echo command I get, Permission denied. But why, in the case that ...
-2
votes
1answer
274 views

ls -ltr command in UNIX and Linux - Behaviour

Why does ls -ltr show different total? We have same files in both unix and linux environment please refer BELOW UNIX > ls -ltr /A/B/C/ total 2140 -rwxr--r-- 1 demo demo 14415 May 30 ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

ls linux command: how to filter files in other directories

I know what ls folder/ and ls *abc* do in linux. I want to filter out some files in a specific folder. I tried this: ls folder/ *abc but it does not return correct values. Any idea? Thanks
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Head waits for full stdin before printing

When one runs ls | head head seems to wait for the full output of the piped command before printing to screen. This is undesirable when the command will take a very long time to run, such as when ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change the default --color preference for "ls' on Windows?

I'm using ls (from Msys) on Windows. By default, ls doesn't colour-code directories and archives, but that's something I want. I'm tired of typing "ls -C" and "ls --color". Is there any way apart from ...
34
votes
6answers
20k views

How do I get ls --color=auto to work on Mac OS X?

I'm trying to move my bash configuration from Ubuntu to Mac OS X and it looks like ls is slightly different. For instance, it won't accept the --color option. How do I get this to work?
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Why are filename ordering rules different on graphical/non-graphical linux programs?

Here is the output of an ls: x-15.txt x-1617.txt x-2411.txt x-24.txt x-ae.txt x-afag.txt x-bdaa.txt x-bd.txt Note that x-1617 comes before x-24 and the same ordering rule seems to apply to the ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I make “ls” show dotfiles first?

Somewhere along the way I screwed up my ls command and now I get this ordering when running $ ls -AhHl --color=auto -rwxr-xr-x 1 clang clang 640 Mar 1 02:46 apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Linux bash command to list hidden files first, then other files sorted by extension

This page: How can I make "ls" show dotfiles first? lets me list hidden files first, but I also wish to sort non-hidden files by "extension" e.g. all filenames ending with ".png" come after ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Completely hide files on Linux

i was wondering if there's a way to prevent a ls -a command to display certain files to certain user/group The criteria could be: if the file is hidden and the user/group has no read access, then ...
0
votes
2answers
593 views

du and ls report different directory size?

In trying to verify that a copy-operation completed successfully (or at least that it didn't skip any files), I ran du -b inside the source and destination directory and it showed a difference of ...
1
vote
2answers
196 views

Can `ls` be set to only list the first X files/directories?

I'm trying to make a command which only displays the first 30 files when the ls command is invoked. I found this method... ls | head -30 ... but it ends up spitting out the files in one long list, ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What does the + mean in the output of “ls -l”?

ls -l -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 885 2010-07-08 13:55 /etc/backup-number-of-files* -rwxrwxr-x+ 1 levchuk Users 1067 2010-08-30 14:37 /etc/backup-running-time* Please notice the + on the 2nd ...
1
vote
3answers
442 views

Ignore NTUSER.DAT files when ls on Git Bash?

I use Git Bash as my terminal on Windows. When I ls in my Home directory, I see some NTUSER.DAT entries, which I assume are system files. They don't appear when I run dir in the default Windows ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

an ssh subsystem that does ls

Normally you create a subsystem by doing Subsystem vim /usr/bin/vim or something like that. So how would I do a subsystem that did ls -la? ie. you call the ls subsystem, it gives you an ls and then ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

Why does the ls command require a dash before its parameters but for tar command, the dash is optional?

I am new to Ubuntu and I am trying hard to understand the command line. When I want to see the contents of a tar file I use: tar tf tarfile.tar But when I want to see a listing of all file if I ...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

linux ls -l 5th column header size units?

after I ran this command in my linux terminal, ls -l I get the information listed in long file format. Below is an example of my output: drwxr-xr-x. 10 10011 10011 4096 Oct 14 18:51 ...
2
votes
1answer
369 views

ls -l but not ls --color=never slow on nfs-mounted directory, if simulatenously writing to that directory

when I dump data into an NFS-mounted directory, reading files modes (e.g. ls -l) is several orders of magnitude slower than a plain file listing (e.g. ls --color=never). I would like to understand ...
38
votes
3answers
26k views

How to have Linux ls command show second in time stamp

Something annoying about ls -l command is it shows only hour and minute for a file(like 08:30). How can I see the second portion(like 08:30:44)? man 1 ls and search for 'second' does not give any ...
8
votes
6answers
26k views

how to list all files and directories in given directory with full path but not recursive?

Somehow like dir /b command but I need also hidden and system files there. Built in dir command doesn't allow to list such 'hidden' files with the rest and I must use /s to have full path in there, ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Is it possible to move last modified files using ls, tail and mv?

I want to move the last 3 modified files from a directory using bash commands. However, I noticed that I can use find in the following way: find . -type f -mtime -0.5 -print -exec mv {} ...
3
votes
2answers
518 views

How to make ls command not show Icon? files?

I have a folder (say, Downloads) with a custom icon. When I execute cd Downloads and then ls, it displays Icon? Subfolder1 Subfolder2 How can I make the ls command skip (thus not showing) ...
29
votes
7answers
32k views

ls -d is not displaying directories. Is there a way to get ls to only display directories instead of files and directories

Is there a way to get ls to only display directories instead of files and directories From the man page. -d, --directory list directory entries instead of contents, and do not ...
4
votes
6answers
4k views

Listing everything else than *{.tex, .aux} by ls

How can you ls everything else the the files *{.tex, .aux}? I run unsuccessfully ls -I".tex"
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How to remove the @ / extended metadata of a file?

I know that the @ in -rwxrwxrwx@ 1 me staff 0 16 Mai 10:55 myLog.txt means, that there is some extended metadata attached. Fine. Doesn't interest me. I need to know how to remove it ? I ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Bash - list files within date range

So far I've been basing my efforts around this blog and have come up with: startdate=”201407010000? enddate=”201408010000? touch -t $startdate ./startdatefiles touch -t $enddate ./enddatefiles find ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Email file and folder list with size?

I am trying to get a list of all files and folders with there sizes (upto 1st level, i.e. file and folder names with there sizes in current directory) emailed to me via an python script. I got the ...
2
votes
2answers
855 views

In linux, how do you get a total size of a folder for files that are 1MB and up

Hi im doing some cleaning up on my server and i want to know how would i get the total size of a folder of files that are 1mb and up and also 1mb and below. I got as far as: ls -lh | grep 'M ' But ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

If the permissions on a file were set so that everyone could read from or write to the file, how would that be represented symbolically

If the permissions on a file were set so that everyone could read from or write to the file, how would that be represented symbolically (within the output of an 'ls -l' command)?
1
vote
2answers
404 views

Why doesn't ls -lh show the total size of all the files and directories in each directory?

For example, it shows the kernel as being 18M but the Applications folder as being 3.8K BSD/Darwin
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Total folder size with ls -lh

I created a directory where I put ten files, each one with exactly 1,048,576 characters (1024^2). The size of each one of them should be exactly one megabyte, counting megabyte as 1024^2 bytes. If I ...
2
votes
1answer
632 views

Changing the order of columns displayed with `ls`

Is it possible to change the order of displayed columns when running ls -l on *nix (or dir on Windows)? For example, I'd like to see the date modified, then the name, then other fields (or select ...
2
votes
2answers
10k views

Unix - List all directories and subdirectories, excluding directories without files

I would like to list all the directories and sub directories in and below the current path. Since I only wanted to display directories I came up with the follwing command: find -type d -exec ls -d1 ...
2
votes
2answers
573 views

OS X Terminal wildcard doesn't work for some paths

Okay, this is weird, hopefully someone here can explain what is happening. I am using OS X 10.9.4 and I want to list files in a directory (and filter them using *) I want to look for zip files in ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How can I get VIM to maintain the creation date for a file? (OS X)

So whenever I save a file in VIM on OS X, it seems to overwrite the entire thing instead of updating it. If I run ls -tU I can see that the creation date changes and it does indeed update to the last ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How to physically reorder files `03.mp3 01.mp3 02.mp3` (`ls -f`) in a directory?

The physical order of the files matters when I copy them onto my USB stick and listen in car mp3 player. Most of my music album folders are unsorted, e.g. ls -f may produce: 03.song3.mp3 01.song1.mp3 ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

“File” exists or not

ls -il ls: cannot access éaj/p╬σt.ó∙e: No such file or directory ls: cannot access éaj/p╬σt.ó∙e: No such file or directory ls: cannot access é@j/p╠φt.│∙N: No such file or directory ls: cannot access ...
0
votes
4answers
957 views

Using the ls -l with a pipe how can i get it to display the 8th file in the list without the file details

I am looking to display the 8th file name in a directory using ls -l and pipe for example ls -l | wc -1 would give me the count but what i want to have returned is the 8th file name in the directory ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Compare content of directories in Linux

In Linux, if I have two directories, how I can see the differences of content in these directories? Now I use this command: diff <(ls -d dir1/*) <(ls -d dir2/*) Any other idea?