The command to list the contents of a folder/directory in Unix and Unix-like systems.

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23
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ls -la symbolics… what does that last symbol mean?

Possible Duplicate: what does the @ mean on the output of ls on os x terminal? when I type ls -la I get this familiar output... drwxr-xr-x+ 38 kent staff 1292 Nov 6 11:09 . drwxr-xr-...
54
votes
7answers
27k views

What does the @ mean on the output of “ls” on OS X' terminal?

When doing an ls in a directory I get the following output: drwxr-xr-x@ 12 xonic staff 408 22 Jun 19:00 . drwxr-xr-x 9 xonic staff 306 22 Jun 19:42 .. -rwxrwxrwx@ 1 xonic staff 6148 25 ...
48
votes
2answers
15k views

Icon? file on OS X desktop

When I ls my Desktop from terminal (by using ls ~/Desktop), I see a file named Icon?. As far as I can tell, it's empty (nano Icon? shows nothing). It doesn't show up on my actual Desktop, and open ...
9
votes
0answers
9k views

what is the @ after the permissions for in ls -l on a mac? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ls -la symbolics… what does that last symbol mean? Consider the following output from ls -l on OS X 10.5.8 drwxr-xr-x 3 user staff 102 Aug 26 20:21 downloads ...
46
votes
7answers
78k views

How to list folders using bash commands?

Is there any way to list just the folders in a directory using bash commands? ( as the ls command lists all the files and folders )
17
votes
2answers
10k views

What does the @ in ls -al mean? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ls -la symbolics… what does that last symbol mean? What does the @ in the below execution of ls -al mean? atom:Lib fak$ ls -al total 1056 drwxr-xr-x 5 fak staff ...
62
votes
5answers
74k views

what does the asterisk mean after a filename if you do ls -l

I've done an ls -l inside a directory, and my files are displaying like this : james@nevada:~/development/tools/android-sdk-linux_86/tools$ ll total 9512 drwxr-xr-x 3 james james 4096 2010-05-07 ...
11
votes
1answer
5k views

Making ls aware of “hidden” file flag

Is it possible to make ls aware of the hidden file flag on Mac OS X? Currently, a simple ls -lO produces: $ ls -lO total 0 drwxr-xr-x@ 84 danielbeck staff - 2856 29 Mai 22:44 Applications ...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

How to list files recursively and sort them by modification time?

How do I list all files under a directory recursively and sort the output by modification time? I normally use ls -lhtc but it doesn't find all files recursively. I am using Linux and Mac. ls -l on ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How to physically reorder files `03.mp3 01.mp3 02.mp3` (`ls -f`) in a directory?

The physical order of the files matters when I copy them onto my USB stick and listen in car mp3 player. Most of my music album folders are unsorted, e.g. ls -f may produce: 03.song3.mp3 01.song1.mp3 ...
5
votes
1answer
823 views

What is the + at the end of Unix permissions in a long listing format?

Here's an example drwxr-xr-x+ 6 reza reza 204 Mar 5 20:23 .ssh/ Although I am the owner of this directory, I cannot modify it without using sudo! Why is that? how can I remove '+' here (...
57
votes
10answers
43k views

How to sort first directories then files etc… when using “ls” in Unix

I would like to use ls command to first show direcotries and then files. I tried ls -la | sort -k 1 But I got a wrong order.
26
votes
3answers
6k views

How can I make “ls” show dotfiles first?

Somewhere along the way I screwed up my ls command and now I get this ordering when running $ ls -AhHl --color=auto -rwxr-xr-x 1 clang clang 640 Mar 1 02:46 apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png -rwxr-...
25
votes
2answers
16k views

How do I interpret the results of the `ls -l` command?

I want to learn about the meaning of values for example first line; drwxr-xr-x 2 ataka root 4096 2008-11-04 16:58 ataka is ataka here the owner of directory ? kioutsovkm@orkide:/users/lnxsrv2/ee$ ...
8
votes
2answers
30k views

How to find all soft links (symbolic links) in current directory?

Question relates to shell-scripting in bash. How to check with a script which files within the current directory are soft links? In case I have used the wrong term, when I say soft links, I am ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

Recursive ls with conditions

Why can't I use a command like this to find all the pdf files in a directory and subdirectories? How do I do it? (I'm using bash in ubuntu) ls -R *.pdf EDIT How would I then go about deleting all ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Alternatives to cd/ls for command line navigation?

I generally work a fair amount from the command line in order to launch vim, git, ssh and so on. However, I find the Finder's columnar view more natural for browsing through my files. Unfortunately, ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Total folder size with ls -lh

I created a directory where I put ten files, each one with exactly 1,048,576 characters (1024^2). The size of each one of them should be exactly one megabyte, counting megabyte as 1024^2 bytes. If I ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the magic separator between filenames in ls output?

The output of ls (with no arguments) appears to separate filenames with linebreaks. Evidence: ls | grep foo works as expected, with grep treating each filename as a separate line of input. ls > ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

What does the + mean in the output of “ls -l”?

ls -l -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 885 2010-07-08 13:55 /etc/backup-number-of-files* -rwxrwxr-x+ 1 levchuk Users 1067 2010-08-30 14:37 /etc/backup-running-time* Please notice the + on the 2nd ...
1
vote
1answer
968 views

Why are some files in ls -l on Mac OSX (Snow Leopard) tagged with “@”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does the @ in ls -al mean? When doing an ls -l some files are tagged with "@" like this: -rw-r--r--@ 1 master staff 2074042 Feb 3 19:26 openssh-5.1p1-vs-openbsd....
1
vote
1answer
3k views

iTerm2 loses “ls” colors if I ssh to a server

Why do I lose ls' colors when I ssh to a server? I would like those colors to be preserved. Is this possible? Should one do something on the server side?
1
vote
1answer
498 views

Is there a way to limit maxdepth for ls -Rhal?

Is there a way to limit maxdepth in a ls -Rhal command? I am aware of find . -maxdepth, but I want to be able to get the file information that comes with ls -Rhal.
0
votes
1answer
653 views

Listing files by last accessed time?

How can I list files according to the last time they were accessed? So far I haven't seen a command that can list them by time. I need it to display files that have been last accessed last December,...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

du and ls report different directory size?

In trying to verify that a copy-operation completed successfully (or at least that it didn't skip any files), I ran du -b inside the source and destination directory and it showed a difference of ...