Networking is the art of connecting two or more devices together so that they can communicate with each other.

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612
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3answers
125k views

Transatlantic ping faster than sending a pixel to the screen?

John Carmack tweeted, I can send an IP packet to Europe faster than I can send a pixel to the screen. How f’d up is that? And if this weren’t John Carmack, I’d file it under “the interwebs being ...
90
votes
9answers
6k views

Why is dial up so slow?

On a dial-up Internet connection, why is the speed is limited to 56 kbits/s compared to a broadband Internet connection which may carry 10 times as much as dial up through that same telephone line? ...
85
votes
13answers
8k views

What is the exact use of a MAC address?

I understand that IP addresses are hierarchical, so that routers throughout the internet know which direction to forward a packet. With MAC addresses, there is no hierarchy, and thus packet forwarding ...
76
votes
7answers
5k views

Why do some RJ45 plugs have the lock release clip under a rubber cover?

Some RJ45 plugs have an exposed lock release clip, like this: However, others place the release clip under a rubber cover, like this: I find that the rubber cover is almost never anything but a ...
74
votes
5answers
9k views

How can I find out where an email really came from?

How can I know where an Email really came from? Is there any way to find it out? I have heard about email headers, but I don't know where can I see email headers, in Gmail, for instance. Any help?
68
votes
9answers
10k views

Can you grab any IP address on the Internet?

On a personal network (LAN) one can simply grab an IP address. If you choose the same IP address as an existing client, you get problems. There are companies like IANA and ICANN that are in charge of ...
63
votes
11answers
35k views

How to reliably keep an SSH tunnel open?

I use an SSH tunnel from work to go around various idotic firewalls (it's ok with my boss :)). The problem is, after a while the ssh connection usually hangs, and the tunnel is broken. If I could at ...
58
votes
9answers
270k views

How to install Windows 7 from the network?

Is it possible to install Windows 7 (Current RTM Version) on a computer without using removable media like DVD or USB? The first thing that comes to my mind is through the network, but I don't have ...
55
votes
6answers
21k views

Why is localhost IP 127.0.0.1?

I wondered what is the origin of the decision to make localhost's IP address 127.0.0.1. What is the "meaning" of 127? what is the "meaning" of 0.0.1?
54
votes
5answers
96k views

How can I list all IPs in the connected network, through Terminal preferably?

Using Ubuntu 10.10, I was wondering if there was a command line command that can list all the IPs of devices connected to the network? I would use this for example, to list all the computers ...
53
votes
11answers
50k views

How can I make the Windows VPN route selective traffic (by destination network)?

I want to use a Windows VPN but only for a particular network, so that it doesn't take over my entire network connection. e.g., Instead of the VPN becoming the default route, make it only the route ...
53
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I turn off internet for roommates that haven't paid the bill this month?

I have several roommates who split my internet bill with me each month. On occasion they forget to pay me, and I have to pester them for the money. If after 3 days of pestering they still haven't ...
52
votes
5answers
4k views

The locking clip/tab on my Ethernet cable's plug is broken. How can I fix it?

I have a 10 meter long Ethernet cable. One plug has the little locking clip missing, just like missing the part in red ellipse in the following picture. How can I fix it? Is this something I ...
52
votes
8answers
36k views

What is the difference between various cable types like Cat 5, Cat 5e and Cat 6?

I'm just about to move house, so I'm going to have to disconnect and re-wire my network. Pretty much all the devices I have support Gigabit Ethernet. Should I go out and buy some decent network cables ...
49
votes
7answers
6k views

IP address that is the equivalent of /dev/null

Is there an IP address that would result in any packet sent to be ignored (blackholed)? I know I can always set up a router with an IP address and then just have it ignore all packets sent to it, but ...
48
votes
7answers
54k views

Disable “These files might be harmful to your computer” warning?

I keep getting this irritating warning when copying files over the network: These files might be harmful to your computer Your internet security settings suggest that one or more files may ...
45
votes
9answers
60k views

Make Windows 7 ignore WiFi when ethernet is available

When I dock my Windows 7 laptop, I want it to prefer the wired ethernet connection over WiFi. This is a pretty straightforward thing to do on my Mac - I just reorder my network preferences, and it ...
41
votes
5answers
34k views

Connect to the host machine from a VirtualBox guest OS?

I'd essentially like to access my host computer from the guest in VirtualBox. Is there an IP address given for my host which I can use from the guest? Are there extra steps required to set this up? ...
39
votes
4answers
42k views

How to selectively route network traffic through VPN on Mac OS X Leopard?

I don't want to send all my network traffic down to VPN when I'm connected to my company's network (via VPN) from home. For example, when I'm working from home, I would like to be able to backup all ...
37
votes
9answers
84k views

Is there a good tool for monitoring network activity on Mac OS X?

Is there a good bit of software on Mac OS X that I can use to monitor incoming and outgoing network activity? Nothing too geeky, I just want something simple to use. I'm on version 10.6 (Snow ...
37
votes
7answers
30k views

How to throttle bandwidth on a Linux network interface?

Is there a way to constrain the bandwidth on a NIC in linux? I'd like to be able to simulate an arbitrarily slow connection.
35
votes
3answers
3k views

What's 24 in “192.168.15.0/24”?

What's the meaning of /24 in the following command? route add -net 192.168.15.0/24 192.168.8.10
34
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is my “localhost” not 127.0.0.1? [duplicate]

When I use the Ping command to ping my localhost, it doesn't show up as 127.0.0.1. C:\Windows\system32>ping localhost Pinging GIGA [::1] from ::1 with 32 bytes of data: Instead, it shows up ...
32
votes
5answers
2k views

What keeps you from changing your public IP address and wreaking havok?

An interesting question was asked of me and I did not know what to answer. So I'll ask here. Let's say I subscribed to an ISP and I'm using cable internet access. The ISP gives me a public IP address ...
31
votes
5answers
2k views

What stops an internet router from sniffing my traffic?

Packets travel through internetworks, and take many routes through internet routers. On each route that forwards traffic to another until reaching the ultimate destination, what stops them from ...
31
votes
3answers
7k views

Can admins monitor my activity locally even when I use a VPN?

My school has one of those super overreacting web blockers (specifically Fortisnet) that blocks things that should be accessible by a high-school senior trying to research projects. Despite many ...
30
votes
10answers
22k views

Can I make two wireless routers communicate using the wireless?

I want to make a setup like this: cable modem <-cable-> wireless router 1 <-wireless-> wireless router 2 in another room <-cables-> PCs in another room Basically, I want to extend my ...
29
votes
7answers
105k views

How do you automatically detect a new network card in CentOS 6 / RedHat?

I'm using CentOS 6 in a virtual environment. When cloning a virtual version of CentOS, the old eth adapters are "removed" and replaced with new ones and net MAC addresses. However, the ifcfg-ethn ...
29
votes
8answers
77k views

How to do networking between virtual machines in VirtualBox?

I have two virtual machines in VirtualBox. I would like to do networking between them. For the moment I have the default configuration on both, but they seem to have the same IP-address 10.0.2.15. I ...
28
votes
2answers
70k views

What are CLOSE_WAIT and TIME_WAIT states?

When I do netstat -a on my Windows machine, I get a listing of the ports with one of the four states: LISTENING CLOSE_WAIT TIME_WAIT ESTABLISHED What do CLOSE_WAIT and TIME_WAIT mean/indicate?
27
votes
7answers
30k views

What's the easiest way to sniff TCP traffic data on Linux?

I want a simple way to show all the TCP data (not the TCP headers or anything else) going over any interface on my Linux box. For instance, I want a magical command that if I do: ...
27
votes
7answers
1k views

Why am I getting 950 Mbps up but only 360 Mbps down on Gigabit Ethernet?

I got two desktop computers talking to each other directly. They both have Gigabit Ethernet capable network adapters. That's 1 Gbps or 1000 Mbps. I have them connected with a brand new 10 meter long ...
26
votes
6answers
41k views

What is a subnet mask, and the difference between a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 and 255.0.0.0?

My DSL/WiFi router provided by my ISP has an internal IP address of 10.0.0.138, the addresses provided by DHCP are in the format of 10.0.0.xxx. Now, I want to start using static IP addresses on my ...
26
votes
5answers
2k views

How do I tell Windows to use 802.11 in preference to 3G?

I have a Samsung NC-10 netbook which I take to work every day. Most of the time I use it just on the train/bus, but I also use it at work and home. It has a built-in 3G card which I want to use when ...
25
votes
5answers
1k views

What gets uploaded when I surf the web?

I am using a modem, and it shows a download speed of n kbps and an upload speed of m kbps. When I check its logs, it shows the amount of data downloaded and uploaded. I'm wondering why it shows that ...
25
votes
4answers
17k views

Is there a way to find out what application using most of bandwidth in Linux?

I'm looking for an utility that could show me how much of a bandwidth each process are using. It should just print the data and exit as I want to feed that list into conky.
25
votes
5answers
4k views

How do I physically find a wifi device using a laptop or mobile phone

Okay, so I have lost my tablet somewhere in my flat and have been searching for hours already. It is an Android device, which seems to have wifi enabled (responds to pings), but doesn't seem to react ...
24
votes
7answers
25k views

Is there any benefit to using IPv6 on my home network?

I know that IPv6 is the future because there is only 4 billion IPv4 address, but on a home network, you are not going to have 4 billion users. So are there any other benefits that would make IPv6 on a ...
24
votes
2answers
13k views

How to launch a command on network connection/disconnection?

I have a wifi connection that requires to authenticate using a web form once the wireless link is established. I know how to automate the authentication with a script that uses curl/curlIE. But how ...
24
votes
3answers
71k views

List mapped network drives from the command line to text file

Is there a command that can be used from the command line to output a list of the mapped network drives on the local system and their location on the network to a text file? This will only be used on ...
22
votes
9answers
2k views

How to identify from a Windows computer the wireless device that is poisoning router?

I live in a house with various other people who all swear that there is nothing wrong with any of their devices. The problem being is that when wireless is enabled on the router, ping sky-rockets and ...
22
votes
3answers
10k views

How to go to remote directory in Cygwin?

I'm using the latest version of Cygwin to try to cd into a network drive on Windows XP Pro Service Pack 3. The path in Windows Explorer to this directory is something like: \\myserver\photos\original ...
22
votes
10answers
8k views

Application for monitoring all applications that are using the internet in Mac OS X

Can anyone introduce me a Mac OS X application that monitors all network activity such as what applications are now connected to the internet and how much bandwidth they use (I mean show bandwidth ...
22
votes
1answer
15k views

Mac Wireshark alternatives [closed]

Do you know any good alternatives for wireshark (network analyzer) running on a Mac OS X 10.5+? Wireshark is not that handy like on an Windows OS (user interface with X11, ...). Any kind of help is ...
21
votes
4answers
9k views

What is VPN actually used for?

I've never really understood why VPNs are used. I know it stands for Virtual Private Network, but in simple terms how does it work and what is it used for?
21
votes
12answers
83k views

Windows 7 intermittently drops wired Internet/LAN connection

In a nutshell, my Windows 7 Ultimate PC intermittently drops its Internet connection. Why? Background: My PC is wired to my ADSL modem/router which is directly connected to the phone line. I also ...
20
votes
14answers
14k views

IP Address vs MAC addresses

why do we need ip addresses if mac address is enough to identify the machine???
20
votes
8answers
3k views

What are the disadvantages (if any) of accessing the internet through two or more “chained” routers?

My Problem I just got internet setup in my dorm room at school through a third-party provider. The modem they gave me, however, also functions as a wireless router. I also have my own router with ...
20
votes
9answers
4k views

How to track LAN usage? (AKA 'top for LAN')

There's an evil application that is eating ALL my upload bandwidth (I'm brazilian, it's only ~35kbps) for like 80% of the time my PC is turned on. I would like to know if there's any way to track ...
20
votes
6answers
13k views

VirtualBox guest OS accessing local server on host OS

On my Ubuntu host I have my local webserver. I installed VirtualBox and Debian as a guest. I would like the Debian guest to be able to hit my webserver running on my Ubuntu host (for example, I just ...