The layer between your hardware and software. It manages disk input/output, memory allocation, graphic acceleration, hosting device drivers and various other resources.

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what is the use of bootnxt file in windows 8 installation disc

while exploring the installation media of windows operating system i could see the following list of files : Boot mgr - the boot sector loads the Windows Boot Manager (hidden system file BOOTMGR in ...
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1answer
165 views

How does windows 8 prevent BIOS access

I am trying to get a better understanding of how BIOS and operating systems work. From what I understand, BIOS is a basic piece of software that is the first thing to be run when a computer turns on ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to port Firefox OS to ordinary computers?

I loved the B2G project. But unfortunately it only works with smartphones (ARM architecture). Although, some people are hacking its code in order to port it to other platforms (it's the case in this ...
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4answers
387 views

The technical reasons to make 64 bit OS slower

From this post, I read the following comment. If you only have 2GB, I recommend you install 32 bit version, 64 bit will be much slower (because of several technical reasons about 64 bit ...
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votes
2answers
9k views

How to map host PCI device to virtualbox?

In a virtual box it is possible to map host's USB device. But is it not possible to map host's PCI device to guest system? How is it possible to connect (map) a PCI device to guest OS? Our host ...
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2answers
4k views

File sharing user limits

Each OS has a limit to the number of users that can access a computers shared folders at one time. XP has 10, 7 has 20. At one time I thought I saw a site where the limit for most OS's were listed. ...
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2answers
12k views

How to install Windows 8 in a system which has Ubuntu 12.04 and Windows 7 installed already?

I have a system in which I have installed Windows 7 first. I then installed Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) to the system. Now, the boot manager is GRUB and everything works fine as Ubuntu ...
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5answers
64k views

How to Extend primary partition(/dev/sda1) in linux?

Im having a problem, my primary partition is running out of space. Due to this, I can't access linux machine remotely (through vncserver). I have another drive (/dev/sdb) having much more free space. ...
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1answer
9k views

How to reduce Windows 8 system size?

Windows 8 consumer preview version is released. Anybody try out to reduce Windows 8 size? I have verified the method for Windows 7 is cannot workable on Windows 8.
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2answers
2k views

Difference Between Windows XP and Windows XP Embedded

What is the diiference between Windows XP and Windows XP Embedded environment and pros/cons of both these environments.
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2answers
381 views

Can someone explain to me how the CPU finds the source of an interrupt in OS theory?

I am currently doing a module in Operating Systems theory and I have a few concepts that I am unable to grasp - would this be the right place to ask questions ? My main question is about interrupts. ...
4
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1answer
35 views

Does Operating System modify BIOS in any way?

I am reading the book: How Computers Work: The Evolution of Technology and in Chapter 4 the author says: The operating system does not work alone. It depends not only on the cooperation of other ...
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1answer
130 views

Can I run Windows on a Macintosh (Mac Mini) computer as the default OS like any other PC?

I do not want to use mac OS at all, I just like the hardware. I dont want to use Paralels or Boot Camp. I think that it is possible because both Macintosh OS and Windows run on x86 or x64.
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1answer
214 views

In a multi-boot setup, does defragmenting from one OS affect the whole drive, or only its partition?

In other words, does defragmentation have to be done on each OS separately?
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1answer
97 views

What is /com/host?

The Perl documentation for Sys::Hostname contains: Attempts several methods of getting the system hostname [...]. It tries the first available of [blah blah] , and the file /com/host. If all that ...
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1answer
277 views

Can I run my win7 on another machine with different motherboard?

I want to have my system with me in another city. I know that it strongly depends of my chipset. I have P35 (Gigabyte P35DS3R). Another machine also Intel-based but chipset is G31 (MSI G31TM-P35). Is ...
4
votes
1answer
672 views

How does SSH tunneling work at low level?

I am interested in the exact mechanism that occurs when an SSH tunnel is stablished. Supposing we have 3 computers: LOCAL host, INTERMEDIATE host, and REMOTE host, with this topology: Localhost --- ...
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2answers
113 views

Who decides the RAID levels and architecture?

Is there some governing body that comes up with the specifications for different RAID levels? If not, how are they decided?
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2answers
669 views

What are the differences between ChromeOS and Jolicloud?

Jolicloud seems to be the first Cloud OS. How does it compare to Chrome OS? What's the difference between them? Just mixed local/cloud vs absolutely cloud?
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2answers
116 views

Understanding an Application based on the OS interaction with a Hypervisor

Following I will ask a few specific questions but I will set the stage first. My goal is to monitor Applications in a very odd place - between the OS and a Hypervisor. If you have comments about this ...
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0answers
145 views

Firefox OS (html5,js) vs Android (java) vs IOS (objective-c) In terms of pl and tech use, how can the other is faster? [closed]

How can be one faster than the others, what happens inside their code, is it a matter of the engine they are using? (noob about the gecko, linux kernel thing, educate me) One of the limitations of ...
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votes
2answers
225 views

One USB flash drive to rule them all

Yesterday I purchased a 32GB USB flash drive. I have a myrid of systems in my home, and would like to have one flash drive with setup files for all the various systems throughout the house. I kept ...
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0answers
12k views

how to fix empty turn windows features on or off

I am running win 7 home premium, and now I see my windows and features list is always empty, i tried many solutions but nothing did it. I tried this last thing but failed to solve as well
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2answers
4k views

What is Paging in memory management?

I was just reading Operating System Principles by Silberschatz et al when I came across paging in memory management.I'm slightly confused about it. It states that Physical Memory(I assume it's RAM) is ...
4
votes
1answer
988 views

Multi Encrypted Operating Systems with TrueCrypt

My laptop has a 250GB hard drive, and I currently use it to do a lot. I have Windows 7, Ubuntu 11.10, and BackTrack 5 on it, but I'd like to switch it up and add more security. What I aim to do is ...
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3answers
2k views

Macbook Pro Triple Boot OS X Lion, Windows 7 and Windows 8

MacBook Pro (Summer 2010 Model, Basic Model) I currently have OS X Lion and Windows 7 running side by side on my MacBook Pro. However I have a need to get Windows 8 running as well in this mix (a ...
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votes
3answers
8k views

How to install OpenWRT on an x86 computer with SATA hard drive

I've tried to install OpenWRT Backfire 10.03.1-rc6 x86_generic combined ext2 on my x86 PC, but the boot process stops while "waiting for root device /dev/sda2". Forums have advised me to build a ...
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7answers
729 views

Why cant we use 64 bit OS on a 32 bit CPU?

Why can't a 64-bit OS run on a 32-bit CPU, but a 32-bit OS works on a 64 bit CPU?
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8answers
340 views

Should I pitch Ubuntu to virus victims?

I've noticed that on a regular basis I see facebook statuses complaining about viruses (e.g. "sorry I haven't been on in a few days... my comp got socked by a virus and I had to reinstall everything") ...
3
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7answers
686 views

Why do I have less memory with 32 bit OS [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Will Windows 7 32 bit edition support 8 GB RAM? I have a brand new machine at work, i7 quad core with 8GB of ram. Mainly, I use it to develop JAVA applications using ...
3
votes
4answers
6k views

Redirect stdout while a process is running — What is that process sending to /dev/null

I've run a command and redirected it's output via > /dev/null Now that it's been running significantly longer than I expected I want to see what it's doing. Is there a way to re-redirect the ...
3
votes
6answers
207 views

What to do with old OS install media? [closed]

I'm doing an end-of-the-year clean up and found some old OS install media - Mac OS X 10.3.5, Windows 2000, Windows XP. It seems wrong to just throw them out but they can't have a home with me anymore. ...
3
votes
3answers
11k views

Scheduling algorithm used in Windows 7

What is the scheduling algorithm used in Windows 7?
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votes
3answers
874 views

Looking for a free bootloader [closed]

I've heard recommendations from other people before that simply having a bootloader can make it so much easier to add and remove operating systems from my system. What is the best (preferably free) ...
3
votes
2answers
729 views

Where do operating system file reside during installation?

Whenever I install a operating system through dvd/usb drive the operating system loads the installer, extracts the files & makes the required installation. Where does the operating system files ...
3
votes
5answers
761 views

Why do modern pre-emptive multitasking OSs hang when the CPU is loaded?

This is an open-ended question, with many possible answers, but perhaps there's one big thing I'm overlooking. If not, perhaps this question should be community wiki. I don't use other OSs often ...
3
votes
3answers
194 views

What is the best tool for creating an image of my OS HD? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to take an image of an hard drive partition I have finally installed all the tools that I need on my new system. Currently I use Windows 7 Pro 64bit, and installing ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Maximum number of processes in Windows XP, Vista and 7

How many processes can Windows support at the same time? This question is nothing to do with parellel processing of any sort. Processes can be running, waiting in the queue, sleeping etc,
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votes
3answers
10k views

Memory limits in 16, 32 and 64 bit systems

The theoretical memory limits in 16, 32 and 64 bit machines are as follows: 16 bit = 65, 536 bytes (64 Kilobytes) 32 bit = 4, 294, 967, 295 bytes (4 Gigabytes) 64 bit = 18, 446, 744, 073, 709, 551, ...
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votes
6answers
12k views

Is it necessary to reinstall your OS after adding more RAM?

I know my question today is subjective but I feel it requires some debate to once and for all put this myth to bed. I've heard some myths and I'm not sure if it's true or false, but basically, the ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

What are the benefits of Virtual Memory?

So I've been reading up on virtual memory and it all seems pretty straight-forward and practical. However, I'm choking on one major concept. If virtual memory is stored in main memory, then why even ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

quickest way to try/install redmine?

I want to try the trunk version of Redmine to find out if it suits my needs Could somebody help me/point me what OS (win or linux+what distro) is the best to use in terms of easy and quick install of ...
3
votes
3answers
667 views

Best way to burn OS to Disc on Mac?

How to burn an OS like Windows 7 onto a DVD for Mac? What software should be used? Is Toast good enough and if so, how do I make the DVD bootable?
3
votes
3answers
272 views

What is the Linux equivalent of FAT and how does it relate to block devices?

New to Linux and am having a tough time understanding some basic OS concepts. What is the Linux version of FAT, and how does it relate to these so-called "blocks" or block devices?
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votes
4answers
2k views

Install two copies of Mac OS X on a Hard Drive

How to install two copies of Mac OS X on a Hard Drive?
3
votes
4answers
566 views

Does a software like VMware run in user space or kernel space?

Vmware is a user installed software. So it should run in user space given by the underlying OS. Yet its runs OS-es which are fully operational and need to run in kernel mode. So where does it run?
3
votes
4answers
6k views

Linux OS micro-SD image file - what do I do with this?

I am trying to install Ubuntu on the Odroid U2 SoC (http://www.hardkernel.com/renewal_2011/products/prdt_info.php) From this site I downloaded the "Micro-SD image file" ...
3
votes
4answers
695 views

is it possible to toggle among different OS in a multi-boot PC without restart?

My notebook installed Windows XP and Ubuntu. Every time to toggle, I need to hibernate one OS (to keep current working things) and restart to the other. Is it possible to keep both OS "live" and ...
3
votes
5answers
614 views

How to determine if a 32- or 64-bit OS is suitable for a laptop based on RAM size [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Windows 7: Should I Install 64-bit or 32-bit Version? (x64 vs x86) I have heard that if a laptop has more than 2 GBs of RAM (my laptop has 3 GBs of RAM), then one must ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Is it possible to install vmware on system not inside OS?

I am searching if it is possible to load vmware on system startup and choose which os to launch. like Windows, linux, debian etc.