Typically used in reference to Linux software, a “package” refers to a compressed file archive containing all of the files that come with a particular application.

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96
votes
3answers
131k views

How to install local .deb packages with apt-get

Is there a way to install packages store on your HD with apt-get, like a "apt-get install ./package.deb ? If not how to handle the dependencies in a very very easy way.
33
votes
7answers
24k views

Find packages installed from a certain repository with aptitude

I'm in search for something analog to this question: Zypper: How do I display all packages from a certain repository? Since I'm on Ubuntu, I need an aptitude based solution: How can I get a list of ...
27
votes
5answers
44k views

How do I uninstall any Apple pkg Package file?

Despite opinions to the contrary, not all packages are installed cleanly in only one directory. Is there a way to reverse the install process of a pkg file, preferably with the original package (or ...
27
votes
4answers
50k views

What are “build-essential” & “build-dep”?

I am researching how to install Ruby 1.9.1 in Xubuntu 10.04 and I came across the command build-essential and build-dep multiple times. Sometimes it is followed by packages and sometimes it is both ...
23
votes
3answers
20k views

Which Debian package architecture am I using?

What's the command to find out which Debian package architecture I'm using? eg, on a 64 bit x86, I'm expecting something like amd64, i386 on 32 bit x86 and darwin-x86_64 from OSX 10.6 (via Fink).
20
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it possible to speed up ./configure?

To compile a software package on a workstation with many CPU cores (say 12), the configuration stage often takes much longer than the actual compilation stage because ./configure does the tests one by ...
16
votes
2answers
6k views

Command to find the source package of a binary?

I know there's a which command, that echoes the full name of a binary (e.g. which sh). However, I'm fairly sure there's a command that echoes the package that provides a particular binary. Is there ...
13
votes
6answers
10k views

SVN directly to tar

Is there a way to directly tar the latest version of an SVN folder without the SVN hidden files? I would like to create a tar archive without the SVN files. I know you can get the latest with the SVN ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

SQLite with readline support on Ubuntu

I had the sqlite3 package installed on Ubuntu and there's no support for readline. That means there's no command history and those other nifty features readline gives you. Is this a configuration or ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

installing packages without sudo access

Is there an easy way to install packages with a large dependency tree, provided that you don't have superuser access? For instance, say I wanted to install firefox. Firefox has a ton of dependencies, ...
10
votes
1answer
12k views

Where is Windows 8's “package cache” for store applications?

I would like to mess around with a few applications on the Windows Store. The only problem is that I don't know how to obtain the .appx file that is Windows 8's package format. I know it has to save ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I show vertical indentations markers with Emacs?

I'm looking for an Emacs package or configuration that makes it possible to mark indentations with vertical lines, like those shown in the following screenshot of Sublime Text:
8
votes
3answers
7k views

Trouble getting latest version of Git

I am using Ubuntu 10.04 LTS. I'm looking at using git as source control for personal projects and Github as a remote repository. I was having trouble pushing a commit to my remote github repo getting ...
8
votes
4answers
9k views

When you do “apt-get install” where are the .deb files stored?

I am trying to copy all of the packages I have installed on one Debian machine to another Debian machine without doing another apt-get install and downloading all of the package all over again.
8
votes
2answers
7k views

Is it safe to install Ubuntu packages on Debian?

I've found online guides to adding Ubuntu PPAs and repositories to a Debian system. Is this a bad idea? If so, why?
7
votes
3answers
16k views

How to check what packages are installed on a RHEL5 system?

A command that can be run by an unprivileged user is preferred.
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Sublime Text 3 : Can't find installed packages

I'm using sublime-text-2 for a while now, and I just decided to install the new beta of sublime-text-3 to try new features (keeping ST2 installed).  I successfully finished the installation, but ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

libreadline.so.5: No such file or directory

I just tried running a program installed through a .deb package and get this error: error while loading shared libraries: libreadline.so.5: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory ...
6
votes
2answers
25k views

How do I install zlib on Debian 6?

I want to install zlib on Debian 6. For this, I think I would use apt-get install, but I don't know which package to use. The package zlib doesn't exist, and if I install zlibc (which sounds most ...
6
votes
1answer
56 views

Is it usually best to compile on the same machine you want to execute on?

(Note: I'm just using ffmpeg as an example, I have often wondered the same thing with other programs) I have a build script for ffmpeg which compiles in support for a few non-standard features. Now ...
6
votes
3answers
433 views

Packages in weird state

On my Debian system I seem to have a few packages in weird state. When I run upgrade, they are always to be intstalled: grzes:/home/ga# apt-get dist-upgrade Reading package lists... Done Building ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

How can I perform a full texlive installation (all packages) in CentOS?

Title say it all, how can I install texlive and all the packages so I can run tex2pdf on CentOS? I'm rather used to Ubuntu and all this yum business is driving me nuts.
5
votes
3answers
9k views

How can I download ubuntu packages in windows to install them on an offline ubuntu machine?

How can I download ubuntu packages from online repos thhrough windows to install them later on an offline ubuntu machine? this is related to this question: Ubuntu repository download iso if there ...
5
votes
1answer
18k views

How to install i386 package under amd64 ubuntu/debian

All existing answers I found are for the pre-multiarch era (chroot) https://help.ubuntu.com/community/MultiArch says it is OK to install i386 package on amd64 under the multiarch environment, but ...
5
votes
5answers
26k views

Allowing VNC connections into Linux Mint

Do any programs need to be installed that aren't included in the default install of Linux Mint in order for it to allow VNC connections?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Is there any guide of Debian original packaging?

I feel it like a big mess with the debhelper. The most info from google on Debian packaging is about to create a Debian package for already existing source packages, or Debian-ize around Makefile ...
4
votes
2answers
551 views

Why Ubuntu has a so large number of available packages if compared to other Linux distros? [closed]

According to the Wikipedia comparison tables, Ubuntu has ~47K available packages, while other major distros, under this particular aspect, have a smaller number. I.E. openSUSE has ~40K, Debian ~37K, ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Clean Debian package builded from source

I have build a debian package with: $ dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot now I would like to change the configuration in the .dsc file and build again. How can I clean the files created by the previous ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Installing phpmyadmin package ERROR 1045 (28000)

I need to create a new mySQL db for a local site, I thought I'd do that with phpMyAdmin so I installed that package like so: sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin During this process I get a couple of ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does OS X not have a default package manager? [closed]

Debian has APT. Red Hat has RPM. FreeBSD has Ports. NetBSD has pkgsrc. Mac OS X has MacPorts, Fink, and Homebrew, but those are all third-party package managers. Why does OS X not have a default ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

Where do packages get installed in debian systems?

I recently installed expect on my Ubuntu system and cannot find the example code that is supposed to come with it. I searched /usr/lib /usr/bin/lib /lib...no luck. I guess it's about time I learned ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

Is it possible to install all packages from an APT repository?

Is it possible to install all packages from an APT repository? I know it is possible to do it manually, but then you would need to know all the package names, and I don't. Any suggestions? Thanks. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Program to display packages by their size in Ubuntu

I managed to fill up my Ubuntu partition by installing large number of packages. When I was installing them, I was thinking about future, so there is a number of packages which I will not use for ...
3
votes
3answers
308 views

tar: million of files

I have to pack circa 7,000,000 small files. I'm looking for an efficient way to do this. Is tar the best way? What about benchmark tests or any other suggestion?
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I register my app to the “service” command?

On RedHat EL 6, many services can be started and stopped on the command line: service some_service start and service some_service stop I have packaged a Node.JS server application in an RPM. How ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Apt in ubuntu: Failed to fetch url: 404 Not Found

Trying to install gvim: soid@ubuntu:~$ sudo aptitude install vim-gnome Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Reading extended state information ...
3
votes
6answers
3k views

Ubuntu linux installation without internet connection

how can we install the packages from the CD of the Ubuntu if net is not available?
3
votes
3answers
13k views

Pacman doesn't download anything - Always 404

I want to install some software on my Raspberry Pi running Arch Linux, but I keep getting error 404. I did some research and found that I needed to do pacman -Syy and pacman -Syu... When I run ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I install GnuTLS in MinGW/MSYS?

I've installed MinGW and MSYS on my Windows XP machine and now I want to compile an application which requires the GnuTLS libraries. How do I install that package? I tried mingw-get install ...
3
votes
1answer
659 views

Why all Emacs packages can suddenly become unsigned and obsolete

I don't understand the reason of this and how to fix it: Maybe something bad happened while updating packages. Not getting any list of new packages, only displaying installed. How to fix it? ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

How do I control where my Debian package files are installed?

I'm trying to create a debian packge of my PHP application and to upload to my PPA. I've been reading through the documentation but I am missing one important point: How do I control in which ...
3
votes
2answers
490 views

How do I install the Python module for Gnash?

My actual problem is: How do I install the Python module for Gnash? But apart from that, what basic concept am I not understanding about installing packages on Linux? I am used to installing ...
3
votes
1answer
463 views

is it possible to install boost 1.55 on fedora 20 without breaking dependencies to existing boost 1.54?

I must switch from boost and boost-devel 1.54 to 1.55 due to a bug in 1.54 on a fedora 20 x86_64 machine and I wonder what's the preferred way. There are some packages that rely on boost ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Adding a .deb file to my local mirror (Ubuntu)

I have a local Ubuntu repo mirror and a debian package. Since the package is restricted to use in my local setup, I just want to add it to my mirror rather than as a PPA on launchpad. Therefore, I ...
3
votes
2answers
269 views

Which package contains the `most` command

I feel extremely dumb for asking this, but: On CentOS, which package should I install to have the most command (a really nice pager)? A google search turns up way too many irrelevant results. A ...
2
votes
5answers
403 views

What are the differences between installing Python via apt-get and compiling, installing from source?

If I choose to install Python by typing: apt-get install python3.1 python-dev Are there any differences between compiling and installing from source? Would the source code include everything in ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Is there an easier way to install package newer than in repositories (CENTOS)

I'm on CentOS 6.4 and I want to install newest stable version of gtk+. So I got gtk+ from their website, but after running ./configure it starts crying about loads of dependencies that are installed, ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to retrieve a list of installed packages on (K)ubuntu sorted by category

I'm using Kubuntu. I'd like to get a list of installed packages on my system, and in particular to have them sorted by category, i.e. as seen in Muon Package Manager, in the category filter tab. For a ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Smallest rpm based linux possible?

Considering Linux distributions that are based on RPM. How can we have the smallest possible of these Linuxes in size with minimum number of packages?
2
votes
3answers
2k views

centos upgrade openssl - CVE-2016-0800 - drown attack

Because of recent vulnerabilities discovered in old openssl versions I have to upgrade it. But there is no current Version in the Centos Repositories... Is there a trustworthy repository out there ...