The "substitute user" Unix command that changes the current user

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su & sudo on Mac OS X 10.9/Server 3.0

I am trying to use su and sudo on my iMac that I did a fresh clean install of Mac OS X 10.9 and Server 3.0. I explicitly set the password for root with passwd root but when I try to use su or sudo ...
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2answers
49 views

How to see history of commands entered as superuser

Is there a way to see the commands that I entered in su mode? Similar to the ~/.bash_history? Where would this be located?
4
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1answer
60 views

Why does cifs asks for su rights to write any data into it?

I'm mounting a windows share as follows: sudo mount -t cifs //192.168.178.49/public -o users,username=name,dom=domain,password=pword /mnt/nas Then I'm trying to create a simple file with some basic ...
2
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1answer
2k views

SSH: remote switch user and execute command under this new user

I am able to connect to remote machine using public/private keys (without password) as user wakatana. On remote machine I am able to issue: sudo /usr/bin/rootsh -i -u root then I type root's password ...
0
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1answer
501 views

How to have a user who can 'su' to another user but not allowed to 'su' root

In my server, I have 2 groups: ssh-users and su-users ssh-users hold users I ssh to the box with. User sshu is a member of ssh-users. Once logged in to the server, I want ssh-users members to be able ...
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5answers
6k views

Alternative for sudo

I am aware that we can execute a command/script as a super/another user using sudo command. But Is there a possibility where the sudo utility itself is unavailable/removed by the user. If so, what ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I list all users who can su into a generic account

I have a generic account several users can su into, I however would like to find the name of all users who can do this. Thanks, Oscar
4
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1answer
132 views

Using su with commands

Ubuntu Server 12.04 On a remote server that I ssh into I have set up a special user with: sudo adduser --system --disabled-login --disabled-password --group suser to run some maintenance functions. ...
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1answer
3k views

su not working when non-root (authentification failure)

On a VPS I own (hosted at bluevm.com), I have three users: userone, with password foo, and sudo rights. usertwo, with password bar, without sudo rights. root, with now password (deleted with passwd -...
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2answers
1k views

Ubuntu cant login as super user Authentication failure,for a previously accessed password

i cant login as super user using su command ,previously it was successful and i am sure that password is correct,previosly there was an issue by changing file permission of www folder and i follow ...
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3answers
2k views

Sudo su vs su linux

If I enter in the password to su when prompted, it doesnt work while sudo su does. Also, when a command is executed using sudo (command), does sudo automatically execute it by root by default (since ...
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1answer
2k views

Forgot su password at virtual machine?

I'm new to Fedora-17 and Linux. I've stumbled upon a problem after created my su password; I added some sequence and after this see prompt Setup is complete! But generally I didn't remember this ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I stop using root privileges? [duplicate]

I know this is extremely basic, but I am using Ubuntu Linux and I have just typed in sudo su I entered my password and performed the actions that I had to get done. Now how do I stop being root ...
4
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4answers
751 views

Any differences between `su` vs. `su -` beside the pathing? [duplicate]

I see that su - makes the shell a login shell from su --help. I'm curious what the differences are between this and a normal su command. I know there seems to be a difference in the paths, any other ...
3
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2answers
709 views

SSH as Normal User --> SU --> SCP as Root

I'm on a Win7 box connecting to a linux server. From reading: http://winscp.net/eng/docs/faq_su it looks like I need to open my SCP connections as the particular user. When I connect via SSH, I can ...
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2answers
4k views

Changed the permissions on /usr/bin

I executed sudo chown -R USER /usr/bin Now, when I try to "sudo" anything, I get sudo: effective uid is not 0, is sudo installed setuid root? I tried pkexec chown root:root /usr/bin/sudo and ...
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2answers
10k views

sudo to run command as different user

I am trying to setup a script that will be run as a "maint" user. The script is basically a menu that allows maintenance personnel to do different things on the server. However, some of the scripts ...
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2answers
287 views

I can su to root, but sudo <command> fails

I am running Centos 5.3 and I can su to root fine. However when I run a command as another user like: sudo ls, the system says incorrect password for the same password. Why is this happening? Thanks.
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1answer
100 views

`su` for the OS X GUI

With OS X I wan the ability to log in to the computer as admin but set myself to another user on the system so I'm working on their profile with their privs, see all their settings, files, and run ...
0
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1answer
490 views

Difference between su command for Fedora and Ubuntu?

To log in as root while using Fedora I use : su and then enter the password. But while using Ubuntu this fails even if I use the correct password. But if I enter: su -s and then enter the ...
3
votes
1answer
363 views

solaris 8 init script asks for user password

I've got a script in the Solaris 8 initialization phase, under /etc/rc3.d, that contains a su - username -c "a command", but I see thru the boot messages that the su command is asking for the user ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Autologout after logging in

I have a Ubuntu 10.04 LTS server. I'm currently logged in as root, because I suddenly cannot log into my account anymore. When I execute su useraccount, nothing happens. The log file auth.log ...
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0answers
161 views

OS X: change root umask for su?

In recent versions of OS X (10.6+), the sudo command by default takes the "union" (bitwise or) of 0022 and the caller's user mask. This can lead to problems if the umask is more restrictive than 0022: ...
0
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2answers
666 views

Stuck In su in CentOS 6

I accidentally did su with no arguments while logged into the root account. It then put me into su and at the beginning of the command line, it now shows -bash-4.1# How do I "get out of" su ...
0
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0answers
491 views

Not able to log in as root in fedora 17

I am not able to log in as root in Fedora 17 Error is su: cannot set groups: Operation not permitted What to do to solve this error The permission has been changed to -rwxrwxrwx I want to ...
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0answers
62 views

Weird behavior of sudo

I use putty to log in to a remote LINUX machine. (Ubuntu 10) When I log in I have to authenticate myself, that goes on pretty smooth. Whenever I try to use sudo or su though, I experience ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Debian user keeps getting killed

I keep getting booted out of one of the user account on my Debian Squeeze server. At first I thought that it had something to do with SSH, but it still happens even if I log into another account and ...
0
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2answers
228 views

su misbehaves when executing a command that prompts for a password

I have 2 users in my debian server, gooduser and root. Command my_cmd prompts for a password (it connects to a ssh server). When I execute my_cmd as gooduser, everything works as expected: gooduser@...
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votes
2answers
4k views

sudo, runuser, su don't work as I expect when run as root with command as “echo $HOME”

When I run these commands it outputs as shown. /root $ sudo -u someuser -i "echo $HOME" /root $ runuser -l someuser -c "echo $HOME" /root $ su - someuser -c "echo $HOME" /root What i expected ...
0
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1answer
331 views

su - user is not doing anything

I am entering to an Ubuntu Server using root, and I need to run a background process as a more limited user, so I write su -l limitedUser -c 'programName' But nothing happens. Even if programName ...
0
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3answers
1k views

No access to root thru su

I'm trying to access my PC as root su and it doesn't says root@something it says mypcname username # vi /something/ and in the normal terminal display says username@mypcname ~ $ someone that ...
0
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1answer
123 views

Configure environment after running su without hyphen

How would you go about setting up the correct environment variables and any other settings that should be set when using the su - username command, but without the hyphen? i.e. If I use su - ...
8
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3answers
3k views

Is it possible for root to execute a command as non-root

I am root user and suppose i want to run any application as another user. is it possible, without switching to another user. Something like # google-chrome user=abc I am actually executing a cli ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Accessing an exit code outside of a su -m $USER -c “<cmd>”

The below command prints "0" or "1" correctly depending on failure or not because i put $? inside the "su" command. sudo su -m $USER -c "./shutdown.sh &> /dev/null; echo \$?" However, if i ...
2
votes
2answers
228 views

gksu is a front end to su?

gksu manual page says that it is a front-end to su, however su doesn't need a command to be executed, while gksu does. Also, gksu doesn't seem to change the user ID of my shell, while su does. Is it ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Can't write to file /sys/class/backlight/acpi_video0/brightness (ubuntu)

I am trying to change the brightness by overwriting the value on this file: sudo echo 5 > /sys/class/backlight/acpi_video0/brightness -bash: /sys/class/backlight/acpi_video0/brightness: Permission ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Supply SU password in a bash script, within the script?

The purpose is to restart the machine if it doesn't get an abort command from the user. The problem is that the way the terminals are set up, user must supply SU password for shutdown, init, reboot, ...
41
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2answers
17k views

What's the difference between “su” with and without hyphen?

I'm quite new to Linux terminal and I'm not quite sure what the difference between su with a hyphen and su without a hyphen is, for example: su - username vs. su username. I looked into the ...
0
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1answer
188 views

Cannot use `su` or `sudo` after set up key-based access to SSH

I'm following this tuturial to setup key-based access to the SSH I created a user. I add copy the key to the client via ssh-copy-id <username>@<host> Becasuse ssh <username>@<...
2
votes
2answers
786 views

Is there a way to remove root requirements for a specific command in linux? If yes, how so?

I'm using Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, and I'm trying to make it so that the specific command dhclient doesn't require root privileges. I've done some research that leads me to believe I could unlock an "su" ...
1
vote
3answers
671 views

Use sudo command for script SSH server

I have to do following steps on several servers: log in with my username type in sudo su - type in amCLI -l 32/1 | grep Firmware So I would like to write this all in one script, my idea was: #!...
0
votes
2answers
240 views

In Solaris how do you startup a script automatically without user input?

I'm using Oracle Solaris, and i would like to startup a script automatically everytime i turn on my computer and log into the desktop, however the script i want to run requires elevated permission, so ...
2
votes
3answers
8k views

Trouble setting up PATH for Java on Debian

I am trying to get Oracle Java 7 update 3 working correctly on Debian 6. I have downloaded and set up the files in /usr/java/jre1.7.0_03. I have also set the following two lines at the end of /etc/...
1
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1answer
171 views

su - for some users

in a linux system with su - any user (with root password) can get root privileges. how I can restrict to some users ? // similar to AllowUsers in sshd_config
3
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1answer
2k views

Use su to switch to a local (mutually-trusted) user, without a password?

I'm curious if there is a way to enable one user to login (via su) into another user, without needing to know that users password. For instance, if I'm logged in as user1, I would like to give user2 ...
0
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1answer
232 views

sudo makes me “lose” permissions when running a script?

I have a script that I need to run. It is kicking off a java program. When I run it as me, it seems to work fine. If I type "sudo myscript.sh" it does not run fine. In reality, I need to run it as "...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I automatically pass the password to 'su'?

I am working on an exploit for a security course. The object is to obtain a root shell in a linux virtual machine. So far, I can write to /etc/passwd and change root's password to an arbitrary string. ...
1
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1answer
1k views

How to get the env vars I want with the superuser command?

I'm running OpenSuse 12.1 KDE. I was previously running Ubuntu. In Ubuntu there was a superuser option (sudo -s) that preserved the original user's HOME env var (and another option, sudo -i, that set ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

How can i block su access to some users only in linux

I want to configure pam in a way so that my some users can su to only some user. In RHEL4, I used /etc/pam.d/su auth required /lib/security/$ISA/pam_stack.so service=system-auth auth ...
1
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2answers
326 views

Best way to store root passwords

I have over ten web servers to manage and configure, with each server having its own root user and password. I have to maintain a database of all the root passwords on my development machine, but I ...