Questions regarding computer-specific terms and jargon. Make sure you show research effort and that your question can be objectively answered.

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2answers
33 views

What's the name of the box that appeared before “PCI Devices Listing” and “Verifying DMI Pool Data”?

Some 20 years ago computers used to come with a hardware setup that after BIOS POST but before booting from the disk or device, they showed a box made by ascii "box drawing characters" art, one like ...
0
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2answers
43 views

What is a general term to describe total units transferred?

I've been seeing the term "bandwidth" abused in recent years, especially by telecommunications companies. People refer to transfer caps as "bandwidth caps", but bandwidth describes a rate not a ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Is there a difference between a program “crashing” and a program that has stopped responding?

I find myself getting confused with these two terms. I had originally thought that when a program "crashes", it automatically quits and the process is killed. But when the program stops responding, it ...
9
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3answers
2k views

What does fCK (RAM memory speed) stand for?

Looking at the specification of a RAM memory module from Kingston, it says: 800MHz fCK for 1600Mb/sec/pin What does "fCK" stand for?
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2answers
49 views

What is a term for an OS command? [closed]

What is a name denoting something which executes (normally in a separate address space), accepts an input, generates output and exit code? I'd name this "Unix command", but there may be also say ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the hexadecimal system?

What is the hexadecimal system and why is it used so much in computing? I know that computers use 0s and 1s to store data, so how come we use hexadecimal?
-3
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2answers
106 views

Difference between program and application [closed]

Wikipedia defines a program as a sequence of instructions written to perform a specific task. What i understand from this is that a program is a single compiled file. If we have multiple compiled ...
0
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2answers
77 views

RAID terminology

In the most general sense what is an array and what is a group (also what's a virtual drive)? From here: Redundant array of independent disks (RAID) is a storage technology used to improve the ...
0
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1answer
138 views

What is “2LUN” mode in connection with RAID?

I've came across RAID products that also list JBOD (just a bunch of disks) mode and 2LUN mode. What the heck is 2LUN mode? I could not find a description; the closest thing seems to be LUN 'logical ...
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2answers
48 views

How to call something between a bridge and a router?

A proper router: Different IP subnetworks each sides; Sends packets from single MAC address; Does not require promiscuous mode; Broadcasts are not usually propogated; Maintains table of IP-MAC ...
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3answers
3k views

What is “Fog computing”?

I'm reading a work on Cloud services and it touches briefly upon "Fog computing" as an example of possible future development branch of software-hardware infrastructure, without specifying what it is ...
2
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2answers
69 views

CISC and VLIW, and instruction and opcode

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instruction_set CISC processors include "complex" instructions in their instruction set. A single "complex" instruction does something that may take many ...
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0answers
26 views

True Image scheduling settings

I want a backup to run once a week. I want the scheme to be incremental so that only changes made since the last incremental back up or full backup will be saved. I need help with the settings for ...
8
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2answers
635 views

What's the difference between “anti-virus”, “anti-malware” and “anti-spyware” tools?

Many products (such as Norton or McAfee) advertise as "anti-virus" tools or suites, while others advertise as "anti-malware" (like Malwarebytes), and even more as "anti-spyware" (Spybot S&D). Are ...
3
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1answer
4k views

SSHD HMAC Configuration

I have read and understand the posting from here, Secure Configuration of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH. However, I would like to know what the /etc/sshd_config configuration would look like ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Technical name of commands like Alt+F4, Ctrl+Alt+DEL, Alt+Tab

I want to learn about those commands in Windows Explorer, and I was wondering if there is a technical name for them, so I can look up for some documentation, as I couldn't find any. Thanks!
1
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2answers
85 views

Why do we say 'PC and MAC' [closed]

The Macintosh marketed as Mac, is a line of personal computers (PCs) What's more, MACs are personal computers. Then why distinguish between PC and MAC?
3
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3answers
598 views

What does one call a NON-wireless router?

I want to buy a simple ethernet router. Every online store I try I get those that include Wi-Fi. Still I can explicitly state that I want Wi-Fi, I can't state that I only want a non-Wi-Fi router. Is ...
1
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2answers
52 views

Name for time period between boot and shutdown (login/logout is to “session” like boot/shutdown is to ???)

The time between login and logout is called a "user session", "login session" or simply "session". Is there a similar specific name for an OS "session", i.e. the period of time between boot and ...
1
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2answers
171 views

Does external HDD RAID closure exists not primarily for portability?

Is there such a class of hardware in which you can install multiple HDDs set up as RAID, while the unit maintains their ventilation and power consumption, independently of a computer? External HDD ...
3
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4answers
741 views

Is DLL executable?

Question of terminology and classification. Is DLL an "executable file"? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executable
7
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2answers
31k views

SSD, SD, eMMC, Raw NAND what are the differences?

so the underlying technology with SSD, eMMC, SD, USB Flash etc... is NAND flash correct? So is the difference between all of them just the way controllers are implemented? Or are the technologies ...
25
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5answers
3k views

What does it mean for software to run natively?

I've been wondering what it means for software to run natively. What exactly is such software and how is it different from software that does not run natively? How can I tell if a given peice of ...
0
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2answers
2k views

What is ecosystem in IT world? [closed]

I am an IT engineer and I've been asked a few days ago a question on which I was unable to answer. I've started looking on the Internet for it, and unfortunately I didn't find anything. The friend of ...
29
votes
4answers
6k views

What exactly is VGA, and what is the difference between it and a video card?

Operating system development tutorials pinpoint reaching screen data by writing directly to VGA or EGA or Super VGA, but what I do not get is what is the real difference between writing to a fixed ...
19
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8answers
1k views

What's the meaning of “foo”? [closed]

I've been here around 4 months and several times I saw that people use foo but I don't know what it means. I would like others to explain me about this variable... Why is it important? How do I use ...
15
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3answers
628 views

Is there a name for the text that shows up at the front of each command in a CLI?

For example, in Ubuntu when I start up a terminal, it says: username@computer:~$ And in Windows: C:\Users\Username> Is there a formal way to refer to that text?
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0answers
55 views

“Thermal Delay” Cooling

I was wondering if someone can define the term Thermal Delay for me? I got the basics, but I cant really seem to find a solid and trustworthy website too fill out the holes in my knowledge.
0
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3answers
54 views

What's the correct term for this network connection? [closed]

What is the correct general term for the network connection on mobile devices that can connect to networks via telecoms links? Question asked "my device is not connecting to my local web server ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

What are 'Toasts' or 'Toast Notifications' in Windows 8?

I have seen the term 'Toast' used in the Windows 8 context. I have also seen them referred to as 'Toast Notifications'. What exactly are 'Toasts' in Windows 8?
2
votes
1answer
449 views

What is the difference between “load” and “fetch”?

I often encounter the words load and fetch in contexts where data are being read from some source, and they seem to have slightly different meanings. What's the difference? I've done some research ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How does uploading a file actually work?

Uploading is described as transferring a file(s) like photo, audio file etc. to a server on the web. I wonder a couple of things how uploading occurs as network/communication means. For example, when ...
3
votes
2answers
789 views

Terminology used for CPU/Processors

Suppose a system has 4 Intel Xeon processors each having 10 physical cores with HyperThreading enabled which makes a total of 80 cores Now it is completely confusing when in documentation they start ...
53
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6answers
17k views

What is the correct term for the mouse pointer/nipple/joystick thingy in the middle of a laptop's keyboard?

I want to call it a "mouse nipple" or maybe a "joystick", although I know these are not correct. It's different from the touchpad, which is below the keyboard and has dedicated click buttons. ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

What is “Virtual Single-Channel”?

As seen below (Figure 1), I have two 512MB sticks in alternate slots (one channel) and a 1GB stick in one of the remaining slots (a different channel). This is on an Asus P4P800. When I boot, it says ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between RTM, GA and GOLD versions?

I am absolutely puzzled here: What is the difference between RTM, GA(Gerneral Availability) and final GOLD version? For example for Windows 8: RTM - Microsoft sends this version to ASUS, Acer, ...
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0answers
28 views

How is it called when audio streaming “freezes” or “stucks”?

How is it called when streaming (e.g. FireWire streaming) of video or audio stucks (or freezes) after about 10 minutes and I need to reset the streaming process (or reset the FireWire bus) to make it ...
0
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2answers
82 views

What is a CFM-based application?

When reading up about Mac OS X Kerberos Extras while trying to get Kerberos working, I came across the phrase 'CFM-based application'. What does this mean?
0
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1answer
3k views

What's the difference between a console, terminal and command-line? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between shell, console, and terminal? My non-tech-savvy friends unanimously agree that console refers to hardware and terminal refers to software. ...
0
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2answers
82 views

Linux terms a newbie should know about [closed]

I'm new to Linux, particularly the distributions I'm using - Ubuntu and openSUSE. I've looked on the Internet for how to install software on these operating systems, but I can't seem to understand ...
6
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3answers
3k views

What do we mean by mounting a filesystem?

I am new to filesystems and trying to understand mounting. Is it something like adding a node in tree?
4
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4answers
57k views

Is there a way to stream wirelessly from a laptop to a TV?

I heard of such a thing like a box or a media player such thing that can connect wirelessly to stream movies from my laptop? Is there such a thing that can do it? How is the latency on it? I have ...
11
votes
4answers
14k views

What is meant by the terms CPU, Core, Die and Package?

Now this might sound like too many previous questions, but I am really confused about these terms. I was trying to understand how "dual core" is different from "Core 2 Duo", and I came across some ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

What's a dual core? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can someone clear up the terms Core Duo CPU, Quad Core, Dual CPU, etc.? Does "core" mean CPU or memory or both? I'm thinking of buying a new computer. But ...
7
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3answers
4k views

What is a dongle used for?

I saw the word "dongle" while reading, but what does it do? Why would you want to have one on your system?
9
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4answers
6k views

What differences are between firmware and software/OS?

I was wondering what differences are between firmware and software? What differences are between firmware and OS? Are boot-loaders firmware? Bios is. How about GNU grub? Is grub software or firmware? ...
2
votes
2answers
415 views

Bits of CPU, architecture and OS

I was wondering if the bits of OS, of instruction set, of CPU registers, of data bus from CPU to memory, and of address bus from CPU to memory must be consistent in some sense and how? When we cay ...
1
vote
0answers
259 views

Is there a list with of commonly used computer terms and their meaning in laymen's words? [closed]

Exactly as the title states, I'm looking for a (preferably commonly updated and 'complete') list of commonly used computer terms defined in laymen's terms. Specifically, I would like to know what the ...
3
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3answers
843 views

Term used for a motherboard without integrated audio or video

I'm trying to look for motherboards without any bells and whistles (audio and video) in order to build an Audio Production workstation. Is there any special keyword I can use in my research that ...
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3answers
4k views

What is a router? What is a switch? and What is a hub?

I always mess up with the basic concepts in networking. This are the very basic questions. What is a router, its functions and what is meant by routing? What is a switch, its functions? Many time I ...