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Your kernel command line has: initrd=EFI/arch/initramfs-linux.img In other words, you're telling the kernel to look for an initramfs in the EFI system partition, in the EFI/arch directory. So yes, you should have copied the initramfs .img file there. Though your copied log messages do show an initramfs being loaded and running, but it appears to be ...


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echo is a dumb program, which produces output whether or not it thinks it makes sense. ls is a smart program, which tries to output only what makes sense in context. This results in ls producing the "wrong" output because you haven't set up your locale correctly. If you export LANG=en_US.UTF-8 (or some other language with utf-8) then ls will display it ...


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The ip commands is one of the tools from the iproute2 package, which control low-level Linux networking. It's sort of a replacement for ifconfig and does a lot more. ifup and ifdown are usually distro-specific scripts that control statically-configured network devices (ex. when not managed by NetworkManager or other ...). It will likely use ip and other ...



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