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52

HDMI and DisplayPort are capable of transmitting audio as well as video. So, to Windows, it looks like an additional soundcard appears on your system, for which a driver is needed. So if you connect a monitor on the other end of your HDMI or DisplayPort and it can play sound, you can send sound to that monitor by selecting "Intel Display Audio" or ...


10

This is normal. What you are looking for (a nice, packaged driver set with all the drivers for your laptop) does not really exist. This is generally something you only see with business-class laptops from the tier-1 vendors like HP, Dell, and Lenovo. Unfortunately, you're going to have to download the drivers one-by-one. The best course of action here ...


10

Given that ReactOS supports ext2 I don't see why Windows couldn't be run on some other filesystems if drivers were added, but Windows does require the filesystem to have certain features so not all filesystems will be fair game. Unlike Linux systems Windows doesn't rely on the filesystem for permissions so it's more likely to work on unsupported filesystems ...


9

It's for sending audio through the video adapter, for use with video interfaces that support it (like HDMI and DisplayPort).


8

"Why does system32 have so many different folder names called Drivers?" Because it doesn't make any difference whether the win32 system tries to open a file (directory) named "drivers", "Drivers" or "DRIVERS". The driver programmers (vendors) presumably chose to use different variants of the directory name when writing their drivers. Win32 subsystems use ...


7

Looks like there was no easy way. In Windows 10 preview they force automatic updates on you, and since build 10049 there's no way to restore the "old" Windows Update applet in Control Panel. But I managed to do with with a set of PowerShell tools called Windows Update PowerShell Module. After you install the PowerShell tools, list all the available updates ...


5

Some display interfaces, like HDMI and DisplayPort, can carry audio along with video. This audio stream might get played back by your monitor's internal speakers or you might send it to a dedicated "audio receiver", that strips off the audio signal, sends it out via e. g. S/PDIF, analog RCA or even digital (AES/EBU) or analog XLR. In fact, both HDMI and ...


5

Clearing Up Misconceptions linux doesn't support Nvidia drivers out of the box because of legal issues While this is technically true for completely separate reasons, Ubuntu (which is not just Linux; it is Linux plus a great many other (separate) things clobbered together) does ship the proprietary Nvidia and AMD graphics drivers as a default part of ...


5

Also you'll find that on Linux, standard distributions (and sometimes kernel builds) tend to include a ton of interesting and specific hardware drivers already, mostly due to contributions by users over time. Windows doesn't really have a way for arbitrary developers to create drivers for common hardware then include it in all new distributions of Windows. ...


5

When you install a driver through the device manager, you can only select .inf files. They are the core of a driver. Some hardware (usually printer drivers) require additional software to be installed. Installing the additional software is much easier (and userfriendly through a normal software install than an .inf installation. The problem with .inf is ...


4

I finally figured out how to enable Momentum (called Inertia in Elantech touchpads) as well as a host of other hidden features in ELAN manufactured touchpads. Thanks to this blog post, I found out that the way to do this was to edit Elantech drivers (ETD.inf). If you're using WHQL inbox drivers, you'll probably have to downgrade to older Elantech drivers ...


4

I got the same problem( Error code: 10) with guest OS win7 and host ubuntu 14.04. The problem was usb2.0 was not enabled in virtualbox. And to enable that I needed to download virtualbox extension pack and install it in virtualbox main prefe. (Mine was version 4.3.10). And after that in my virtual machine settings (it should be switched off) > USB > clicked ...


4

First of all, getting drivers directly from the chip vendor's web site is absolutely the best way to go. The drivers that computer manufacturers post on their web site are almost always either old, or sometimes flat-out wrong. However, continually updating your drivers will not really make your computer perform faster. The only exception to this rule is ...


4

Memory Protection and More Drivers have very deep system access which they often require, as they need full hardware access. Where normal applications are not able to access arbitrary memory locations and hardware, a driver usually can. Wikipedia has an excellent article explaining the different protection rings. This also bypasses all kinds of permission ...


4

In the old days (40's-70's) you bought a computer from a company which manufacturered or insourced its own hardware, wrote all its OS software, and most of its application software. The OS would only work on the sellers platform, using exactly the hardware they sold with the initial purchase. Applications were written in assembler, and would only work on ...


4

They use I/O machine code instructions. You can search for I/O ports, I/O devices, you'll find lots of things, for example: The basic concept is that, the same way you can read or write to/from memory, fom registers, you can do that with devices also. Of course, you have to have documentation from the device manufacturer (or BE the manufacturer ...


4

It depends on the hardware.  Some systems/devices use port-mapped I/O (PMIO), as described by pgr; others use memory-mapped I/O (MMIO).  In memory-mapped I/O, special instructions like “IN” and “OUT” are not used.  Instead, the driver uses ordinary instructions like “MOV” and other instructions that are commonly used for accessing memory. Every device is ...


3

At this level, how do the machine instructions of the driver actually control the hardware device? Can vary wildly depending on the CPU, supporting hardware of the CPU, and the hardware device. On x86 CPUs used on a PC platform, the driver's machine instructions can: read/write to specific memory locations - the same ones used to read/write RAM. ...


3

What's the difference between these drivers?: PCL6 (or Printer Command Language, Level 6), PS (or PostScript) and PPD (or PostScript Printer Description) are all ways a printer can "communicate" with your PC via it's driver and define how the page will be "drawn" by the printer (text or otherwise). Which one should I use for my installation? Should I just ...


3

Try here: http://www.realtek.com.tw/downloads/downloadsView.aspx?Langid=1&PNid=13&PFid=5&Level=5&Conn=4&DownTypeID=3&GetDown=false Otherwise, I would suggest you look up your motherboard model on the Gigabyte support website and download the ethernet driver from there. Hope this helps..


3

First, understand that x86 hardware has an Interrupt Descriptor Table that lives in RAM. On the original 8086 CPU this was fixed at memory location 0, the first location of RAM, but it can be moved in later and modern CPUs. The BIOS initially sets this up at memory location 0. The IDT is a list of 32-bit pointers to routines elsewhere in memory (which ...


3

None of what you're doing makes any sense. Please stop and educate yourself significantly about exactly what USB is. If you continue doing what you're doing, you will break something, if you haven't already. You can't just connect things that weren't designed to be connected. It's not a USB device, it should not be connected to a USB port's data lines. If ...


3

That is the EFI System Partition that holds important data about the start-up configuration of your PC. Deleting any of those file or formatting will result in a non-bootable PC! That partition should not be visible in Windows Explorer. ESP does not need a drive letter, so you can unassign it from Disk Management. And again, be sure you are not deleting or ...


3

Assuming you are using Windows 7: Open Task Manager and verify that CPU and RAM are not terribly maxed out for some reason. Click on the Performance Tab and click Resource Monitor. Navigate to the Disk tab and expand Storage. Post Active Time and Disk Queue. It is well known that the Samsung 850 EVO has firmware issues so I'd strongly recommend making sure ...


3

Can I install a 64-bit Windows 7 device driver on a 32-bit version of Windows 7? No; This isn't possible. There isn't anything you can enable that would make this possible. Is there any way that can convert the drivers to a 32-bit supported OS. If you had the source to the drivers you could do this. OK, I know that there are emulators but the ...


3

As with every new component in a system, something new might introduce incompatibillities. Microsoft is trying hard to fix bugs in other peoples software; windows 10 not named Windows 9 because some software might test version-string starting with 'windows 9' to determine if it actually runs on Windows 9x is just the tip of the iceberg and most dedicated ...


3

If it's complaining about services, then your best option is to look at the windows services. Try opening your start menu, typing services.msc and hitting enter. This brings up the service management window. From here you can look for any audio related services that are disabled and enable them. After that restart your PC and see if it works. If it doesn't, ...


3

Although this is not a software solution, if you use a USB 2 extension cable then it will prevent the 5 USB 3 pins in the plug from physically connecting the wires which carry the USB 3 handshake between the host and device. A USB 2 device or cable only has 4 pins. A USB 3 port will default to USB 2 signaling communication when only 4 pins are connected. A ...


3

0x86 = Intel and 008A = Intel Centrino Wireless-N1030. Try this driver: https://downloadcenter.intel.com/Detail_Desc.aspx?DwnldID=23721&lang=eng&ProdId=3311 Download the Wireless_16.11.0_Ds32.zip, extract the zip and point in device manager to this driver folder.


3

Try this if it happens to anyone else after the update. Works on EliteBooks (8460/70. 840, 850 and 1040) Right click on "Computer" and select Manage Select Device Manager from the left Double click on the wireless driver under Network adapters Select the Driver tab and click on "Roll Back Driver" The wifi should start working again instantly. Ensure ...



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