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I'm a little late, but the meta-distribution Gentoo would be a great choice. Based on my own experience, I'd call it "Linux From Scratch made easy", and it has some of the best documentation I've ever seen. You start with a very small set of pre-compiled programs for your CPU architecture which can immediately be recompiled if wanted, it has a package ...


It depends on the distro. Debian and relatives use lsb_release -a cat /etc/lsb-release either one should be fine. But, despite this being related to LSB (Linux Standard Base), not all distros have it. If you get no reply from the above commands, you should try ls /etc/*release and then look inside whichever file you found. You must be ...


uname -a Should do the trick. It will display system information on the distro you're logged in. cat /etc/lsb-release Should also display the distro name and version.


It may not be foolproof, but /proc/version should at least give you a ballpark: Redhat derivative: # cat /proc/version Linux version 2.6.18-92cp (builder@Lnx30BccCmp5) (gcc version 4.1.1 20061011 (Red Hat 4.1.1-30)) #1 SMP Wed Apr 8 17:12:19 IDT 2015 Ubuntu: $ cat /proc/version Linux version 3.13.0-24-generic (buildd@panlong) (gcc version 4.8.2 (Ubuntu ...

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