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(Debian/Ubuntu) Discover what package a file belongs to: dpkg -S /usr/bin/ls 'dpkg -S' just matches the string you supply it, so just using 'ls' as an argument matches any file from any package that has 'ls' anywhere in the filename. So usually it's a good idea to use an absolute path. You can see in the second example that 12 thousand ...


I run apt-cache policy <package name>: $ apt-cache policy wajig wajig: Installed: 2.1 Candidate: 2.1 Version table: *** 2.1 0 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status 2.0.47 0 500 file:/home/wena/.repo_bin/ squeeze/main i386 Packages 500 squeeze/main i386 Packages That means that there are three wajig ...


apt-file search filename or apt-file search /path/to/file To install apt-file, use: sudo apt-get install apt-file You will need to update its database before you can use it: sudo apt-file update


These tools all install software into your system, but are working on different levels. ./configure && make install Running ./configure && make install builds and installs the libraries or executables directly from the source code. The make install step basically just copies the final files into your system. Many sources come with a ...


Just as an addendum apt-cache madison <<package name>> will list the versions available from all your sources. apt-cache madison vim vim | 2:7.3.547-1 | unstable/main amd64 Packages vim | 2:7.3.429-2 | testing/main amd64 Packages vim | 2:7.3.429-2 | http://...


$ apt-get install libgstreamer0.10-dev libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-dev which you could have found by doing a search for gstreamer-app-0.10.pc in package contents on or with apt-file search, or by running the whole configuration process within auto-apt run.


or dpkg --print-architecture


user@host:~$ dpkg-query -S /bin/bash bash: /bin/bash Where bash is the package name.


Since version 1.3, pip features a new command: $ pip list --outdated requests (Current: 1.1.0 Latest: 1.2.0) See this post for more information.


On any Debian based machine, this is one common way to duplicate a package set. On the old machine: dpkg --get-selections "*" > my_favorite_packages Copy the file my_favorite_packages to the new machine (a thumb drive is a good option, but scp also works fine). Then run this sequence (with root privileges): apt-get update dpkg --set-selections < ...


Package gzip has priority "required", meaning it must always be installed for the system to work properly. Probably aptitude is therefore refusing to remove it. What output did you get from the remove command? BTW: Why do you want to remove gzip? Doing so is a really bad idea... Edit: If you see gzip consuming a lot of CPU, that's because some other ...


There are several utilites in Debian which perform this task; check this page for a description. I'll mention two of them, apt-file and dlocate. apt-file searches its internal cache, thus allowing you to not install all the packages you want to search. Search is performed by launching apt-file search dlocate is a fast alternative to dpkg -L (the ...


I used to use Macports because: It is generally more up to date Macports seems to be more common / popular Everyone else I work with uses it When I did my own research on this topic when I got my MBP last fall, Macports seemed to be most commonly recommended for reason #1 above, hence reason #2 (and probably reason #3). Compiling every package doesn't ...


Look at the Open Source Watershed page. OpenSourceWatershed is a project aimed at understanding the relationship between distributions (downstream) and the individual software components (upstream). It is the basis for a larger study of distributions and their evolution. It is distrology. In the future, more distro oriented statistics will be available. ...


Aha! Apparently, the proper apt command is not apt-cache info, but instead, apt-cache showpkg. $ apt-cache showpkg linux-generic Package: linux-generic Versions: (/var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_karmic-updates_main_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/lib/apt/lists/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_karmic-security_main_binary-...


There are two main systems for unix software on OS X: MacPorts and Fink Fink is akin to (and iirc based on) the Debian/Ubunutu apt system: it delivers pre-compiled binaries. MacPorts is related to the older BSD Ports collections: rather than pre-built binaries, it containers pointers to the original source + patches required to make that source work on your ...


I recommend HomeBrew -


The confirmation dialog will not only appear when you would install packages you didn't ask for, but also in the following cases: Installing packages that you didn't specifically want to install Removal of essential packages Changing a held package (a held package is one you want to keep in the version currently installed) You can override it with one of ...


Use the --needed option to skip reinstall of existing packages when you Sync (-S). If a package in the list is already installed on the system, it will be reinstalled even if it is already up to date. This behavior can be overridden with the --needed option. Source More info


The cleanup (brew cleanup) command will remove outdated installed package versions. To affect a particular package/formula, you may supply a formula name like so: brew cleanup $FORMULA. To simulate cleanup, i.e. see what would be removed, you may use the -n option: brew cleanup -n.


@aknuds1 is right about brew cleanup so I'll just add that I have an alias in my ~/.profile that does all my brew-related cleanup, including cask update/cleanup alias brewski='brew update && brew upgrade --all && brew upgrade brew-cask; brew cleanup; brew cask cleanup; brew doctor' I end with brew doctor to make sure all packages are ...


apt-get source package Will get you two or three files: "original" tarball (sometimes modified, but rarely... the only change is often the file name) -- named *.orig.tar.gz, the debian changes in form of *.diff.gz file, and some metadata. Sometimes the .diff.gz file is missing: this means that package is built only for debian/ubuntu, to handle some very-...


Another alternative: $ dpkg -S /bin/bash bash: /bin/bash On my Ubuntu at least, both seem to be in the dpkg package, so no real advantage to any specific one...


The apt-cache search command will return all packages that have name in the package name or description: apt-cache search name Once you have a package name, you can get more detailed information on the package using the apt-cache show and apt-cache showpkg commands. apt-cache show package_name apt-cache showpkg package_name


dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_ARCH


They will not coexist well together. The Apple gcc looks in /usr/local for some things. This means that a macports compile could find something the porter did not expect. See macports mail lists and bugs for examples of things found in /usr/local.


You don't have to pick between the two. MacPorts installs software to /opt/local. Fink installs to /sw. Both leave the Darwin base system untouched, and the two can co-exist peacefully. Fink's binary packages are great, but they aren't always up-to-date. I tend to use Fink when they've got an up-to-date package, and I build from MacPorts if they don't. ...


Look at these files, '/var/log/installer/initial-status.gz' -- your primary installation this file date would be your installation date (i think) '/var/log/dpkg.log' update timeline (this is what you want) '/var/log/apt/term.log' -- things apt updated on your system '/var/cache/apt/archives/' will contain the deb packages downloaded for installation ...


i wasn't reading carefully when i tried to uninstall it. this is what it says WARNING: Performing this action will probably cause your system to break! Do NOT continue unless you know EXACTLY what you are doing! To continue, type the phrase "I am aware that this is a very bad idea": Abort.


I gave another answer on a similar question: Homebrew will cause problems when building software from source if it is installed in /usr/local. This is the default, which is a bad choice as this path is in the default search path of compilers and other tools. Therefore builds from other packaging software might pick up the wrong dependency, using ...

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