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When a client program (such as a browser) connects to a server, it opens a socket.  And (unless the program specifies one, which is very rare), the operating system assigns a unique port number to the socket.  This will commonly be in the range 1000-2000.  The source IP is, of course, the address of the client host.  The server determines the destination ...


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This is simpler if you look up some layers. Just remembering the life cycle of an HTTP request: The client browser initiates a socket connection to web server A request at http standard is sent to the server. The server processes the request and returns a response in the HTTP standard to the customer. The client browser receives the response. The ...



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