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We know there is an application called AppLocale, which can change the code page of non-Unicode applications, to solve text display problems.

But there is a program whose right display code page is UTF-8, which means its text should be shown as UTF-8, but instead Windows displays it as the native code page and makes the text unreadable. It seems funny, because there are almost all countries and regions, but without UTF-8. I think it is a bug, because the programmers may use English and ignore testing non-English text display issues. I don't think the producer will fix it and I wanna fix it myself.

Is it possible to set non-Unicode output as UTF-8 by using software like AppLocale? Default non-Unicode output is native code page? How can I set the native code page to UTF-8?

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  • 1
    I've fixed most grammar issues for you but there is almost include all countries and regions, but without UTF-8 is impossible to understand
    – phuclv
    Jun 22, 2019 at 16:08

3 Answers 3

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Previously it was not possible because

Microsoft claimed a UTF-8 locale might break some functions (a possible example is _mbsrev) as they were written to assume multibyte encodings used no more than 2 bytes per character, thus until now code pages with more bytes such as GB 18030 (cp54936) and UTF-8 could not be set as the locale.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicode_in_Microsoft_Windows#UTF-8

However there's a "Beta: Use Unicode UTF-8 for worldwide language support" checkbox since Windows 10 insider build 17035 for setting the locale code page to UTF-8

Beta: Use Unicode UTF-8 for worldwide language support

See also

That said, the support is still buggy at this point


Update:

Microsoft has also added the ability for programs to use the UTF-8 locale without even setting the UTF-8 beta flag above. You can use the /execution-charset:utf-8 or /utf-8 options when compiling with MSVC or set the ActiveCodePage property in appxmanifest

You can also use UTF-8 locale in older Windows versions by linking with the appropriate C runtime

Starting in Windows 10 build 17134 (April 2018 Update), the Universal C Runtime supports using a UTF-8 code page. This means that char strings passed to C runtime functions will expect strings in the UTF-8 encoding. To enable UTF-8 mode, use "UTF-8" as the code page when using setlocale. For example, setlocale(LC_ALL, ".utf8") will use the current default Windows ANSI code page (ACP) for the locale and UTF-8 for the code page.

...

To use this feature on an OS prior to Windows 10, such as Windows 7, you must use app-local deployment or link statically using version 17134 of the Windows SDK or later. For Windows 10 operating systems prior to 17134, only static linking is supported.

UTF-8 Support

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From what I read about Microsoft AppLocale tool on Wikipedia, the tool can NOT change your code page to UTF-8. It only works with Non-Unicode applications, but UTF-8 is part of Unicode standard.

Under the hood, Unicode processing of non-ASCII characters greatly differs from non-Unicode one, so while it is possible to change between non-Unicode code pages (this is what AppLocale does) it is NOT possible to change between Unicode and non-Unicode without modification of the application made by its producer.

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  • I know AppLocale can't work with Non-Unicode applications. But I don't think it need to convert encode. Only thing to do is to let the text content show correctly. The binary data is already correct UTF-8 text. For example, if you printf() a char array which content every byte of a UTF-8 text, and it will show as native encode (like iso-8859-1). If let the default encode be UTF-8, then problem solved. Jan 30, 2016 at 13:05
  • @KomeijiKuroko – please, if you wish, could you illustrate what you mean in your recent comment on some specific UTF-8 example?
    – miroxlav
    Feb 20, 2016 at 15:22
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Just to mention it here: In Windows 10 17133 there is now a beta option to use UTF-8 for worldwide support. But it does not help with non-Unicode programs for me as of now, but it is placed on the pop-up where I can change the locale for non-Unicode programs.

So, maybe they are working on something to end the necessity of having to change the locale for non-Unicode programs.

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  • Is there some source, link, goto? May 24, 2019 at 8:26
  • What? It is not clear what you are trying to say in this answer. You should consider perhaps clarifying it.
    – Ramhound
    Jun 22, 2019 at 16:40
  • I remember seeing this in a news feed somewhere before I saw this question so while I don't have a link either I believe it's true. Jun 23, 2019 at 15:10

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