I'm aware that this is a relatively old question, but it is a good one, and deserves an answer. This method will work on the Windows 10 Creator's Update, which is available to anyone, and not just insiders.
The official answer might be no, but there are round-a-bout methods that are actually built into the latest build of Windows. This solution involves using the developer tools option on Windows in order to obtain the Ubuntu on Bash application.
- First, you'll need to enable the, "Windows Subsystem for Linux," as a feature. Go into the start menu, and search for
Turn Windows features on or off. Once opened, you should get something like this
Go ahead an press the tick-box next to the Windows Subsystem for Linux option.
- Second, you'll need to search
Check for Updates in the start menu. On the left, you'll see a section named, "For developers," which allows you to enable developer mode. Select developer mode like so
- Third, type in
bash in the start menu, and you'll see a command prompt window open. It'll prompt you to press Y/N, and because you want to install the Ubuntu subsystem (which is the only option that comes when you enable developer mode), press "Y," on your keyboard and proceed with the installation.
I hope this helps.