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How do I set the default encoding in Firefox/Iceweasel to Unicode (instead of Western)?

I'm particularly interested in the default encoding for *.txt files. Firefox/Iceweasel seems to always choose Western as the encoding for such files. I know that I can change the encoding for a particular page through View > Character Encoding, but it gets tiresome after a while.

  • Are you using a localized version of Firefox/Iceweasel, rather than 'English (US)'? – user3169 Apr 7 '16 at 6:04
  • @user3169: I don't recall performing any special configuration to that effect. How could I find out the answer to your question? – kjo Apr 7 '16 at 7:35
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    I can't say for iceweasel, since I don't know how it is distributed, but for Firefox the installation software has localized versions, as shown on this page: Download Firefox in your language. Your default might depend on you locale or OS. If you don't know the locale for your installation, enter "about:healthreport" in the URL bar, click on "Raw Data", then click on one of the items on the right. Then search for locale and you will see a line like "locale": "en-US". – user3169 Apr 7 '16 at 17:08
  • See my answer to this question (which is a possible duplicate of yours): superuser.com/questions/1215064/… – Brōtsyorfuzthrāx Sep 6 '17 at 2:17
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In about:config, set intl.charset.fallback.utf8_for_file to true.

However, this only works for local files (file:/// URLs).

(shamelessly copied from this answer)

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