18

Ansible version 2.1

I have an inventory file hosts

[nodes]
host1
host2
...

And a simple playbook site.yml

---
- hosts: all
  tasks:
    - include: tasks/main.yml

If I just start the play,

ansible-playbook -i hosts site.yml -vvvv

I get this error for all hosts,

ESTABLISH SSH CONNECTION FOR USER: None
fatal: [host1]: UNREACHABLE! => {"changed": false, "msg": "Failed to connect to the host via ssh.", "unreachable": true}
...

However, reading Ansible Inventory doc, I added ansible_user to the hosts file,

[nodes]
host1    ansible_user=root
host2    ansible_user=root
...

This solves the SSH CONNECTION UNREACHABLE error. However, do I have to add ansible_user=root next to all the hosts? Or is there a simpler way to do this?

22

Check the example/default ansible.cfg file, and you'll find this under [defaults]:

# default user to use for playbooks if user is not specified
# (/usr/bin/ansible will use current user as default)
#remote_user = root

Uncomment remote_user and set the user to what you want to log in as.

Where does Ansible get ansible.cfg? The same file explains:

# nearly all parameters can be overridden in ansible-playbook 
# or with command line flags. ansible will read ANSIBLE_CONFIG,
# ansible.cfg in the current working directory, .ansible.cfg in
# the home directory or /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg, whichever it
# finds first
2
  • Thanks @Deltik, would you be able to answer this one as well?
    – Howard Lee
    May 27 '16 at 20:28
  • @HowardLee: Your other question is primarily opinion-based and not a good fit for Super User.
    – Deltik
    May 27 '16 at 20:54
11

Another way is to use --user to define remote ssh user. Type ansible-playbook --help to read more. This is my typical command:

ansible-playbook -i hosts site.yml --user <user> --ask-pass -vvvv

--ask-pass will prompt to enter password for --user

7

In addition to modifying the ansible.cfg, u can also define variables for 'all' group or other groups

https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/user_guide/intro_inventory.html#group-variables

[all:vars]
ansible_user = root
ansible_port = 22

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