I am having trouble with the IF function in the example below.


  • There are 3 exams and one total score.
  • The student has to score at least 5 points in each exams to pass.
  • If he has in one of the exams a score of 4 or less points he fails.
  • However, the total score has to be >=16 to pass, otherwise he also fails.

Example 1:

Test 1 = 4, Test 2 = 10, Test 3 = 10, Total = 24; he has more than 16 but fails because he got a 4 in one of the exams.

Example 2:

Test 1 = 5, Test 2 = 5, Test 3 = 5, Total =15; fails again because the total score is under 16.


I used this function:


It works fine except in the scenario where the student gets a 4 or less in one of the exams. When this happens, I get FALSE but I want it to be Fail.



  • You've provided true and false values for the inner-most nested IF, but none of the others. You can do this with AND: =IF(AND(E4>=5,F4>=5,G4>=5,H4>=16);"Pass";"Fail") – fixer1234 Sep 26 '16 at 23:32
  • 1
    Thanks a lot for the fast reply and of course it worked :) – An Acount Sep 26 '16 at 23:38

Based on the comment by @fixer1234:

Use the AND function within the IF function to check for multiple conditions and reduce complexity:


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