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I'm trying to compile the latest version of emacs on Ubuntu 16.04. After installing the libraries I could think of, the ./configure script outputs the following:

  Where should the build process find the source code?    .
  What compiler should emacs be built with?               gcc -g3 -O2
  Should Emacs use the GNU version of malloc?             yes
      (Using Doug Lea's new malloc from the GNU C Library.)
  Should Emacs use a relocating allocator for buffers?    no
  Should Emacs use mmap(2) for buffer allocation?         no
  What window system should Emacs use?                    x11
  What toolkit should Emacs use?                          LUCID
  Where do we find X Windows header files?                Standard dirs
  Where do we find X Windows libraries?                   Standard dirs
  Does Emacs use -lXaw3d?                                 yes
  Does Emacs use -lXpm?                                   yes
  Does Emacs use -ljpeg?                                  yes
  Does Emacs use -ltiff?                                  yes
  Does Emacs use a gif library?                           yes -lgif
  Does Emacs use a png library?                           yes -lpng12
  Does Emacs use -lrsvg-2?                                yes
  Does Emacs use cairo?                                   no
  Does Emacs use imagemagick?                             yes
  Does Emacs support sound?                               yes
  Does Emacs use -lgpm?                                   yes
  Does Emacs use -ldbus?                                  yes
  Does Emacs use -lgconf?                                 yes
  Does Emacs use GSettings?                               yes
  Does Emacs use a file notification library?             yes -lglibc (inotify)
  Does Emacs use access control lists?                    yes -lacl
  Does Emacs use -lselinux?                               yes
  Does Emacs use -lgnutls?                                yes
  Does Emacs use -lxml2?                                  yes
  Does Emacs use -lfreetype?                              yes
  Does Emacs use -lm17n-flt?                              yes
  Does Emacs use -lotf?                                   yes
  Does Emacs use -lxft?                                   yes
  Does Emacs directly use zlib?                           yes
  Does Emacs have dynamic modules support?                no
  Does Emacs use toolkit scroll bars?                     yes
  Does Emacs support Xwidgets (requires gtk3)?            no

What do I need to install in order to cover the remaining four items? Especially the last one would be valuable.

PS. This script got me to the point I am now: https://gist.github.com/favadi/18438172892bc4178b27

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  • Run configure help and see if there is a command-line option to force a particular feature that you believe you are missing. You may not necessarily need (or ever use) every single possible feature. – lawlist Sep 27 '16 at 16:31
  • Does "apt-get build-dep emacs24" help? Otherwise I think you should have easy time tracking down devel packs for gtk3 and cairo if you use Synaptic package manager. You do want those--open door to cool new emacs features! I fear pull down menus and buttons will not work well without gtk3 devel headers. Cairo is for graphics inside buffers. Xwidgets leads to major gui enhancement potential in web browser. I saw one example with nice souped up chooser widgets in a browser view. Beaware of danger that rerunning config may not clear out previous fail. Sometimes dramatic cleanup needed. – pauljohn32 Sep 28 '16 at 4:06
  • Thanks, that largely did it. I've now got cairo and xwidgets. Only missing xaw3d, dynamic modules, mmap(2), and relocating allocator, non of which I really know what they're doing. – tom4everitt Sep 28 '16 at 4:46
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Based on the comments, I got Xwidgets and Cairo to work. Here's what I did:

Install gtk3 libraries: sudo apt-get install libgtk-3-dev libwebkitgtk-3.0-dev

Configure with ./configure --with-cairo --with-xwidgets --with-x-toolkit=gtk3

Menus feel much nicer now! Thanks!

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  • 7
    And with Emacs 26.x we need libwebkit2gtk-4.0-dev – Bjoern Dahlgren Jul 29 '18 at 9:06
  • One way to discover that is: apt-cache search libwebkit | grep -i dev – Peter Mortensen Nov 11 '20 at 0:29

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