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I have a perl script that works fine with sudo and parses some logfiles at /var/log/ in Ubuntu 14. I want to show the program output on a webpage. My webpage code is very simple:

<html><body>
<h1>Under construction</h1>
<?php
exec ("perl /usr/local/bin/pflogsumm -d yesterday --smtpd_stats /var/log/mail/mail.log > parsed_mail_log.txt");
echo "<pre><p style='font-family:monospace;'>".nl2br(file_get_contents("parsed_mail_log.txt"))."</p></pre>";
?>
</body></html>

Without sudo, www-data (I guess that is the user when running the script) does not have permissions to access /var/log/mail/mail.log and does not count what I want. It outputs stuff, but only zeroes in place of the numbers I wanted to check.

My question is: what should be the "good" way of doing this?

Putting www-data in the root group so that it can read the log does not seem right.

Maybe I could invoke a script with sudo, inside such script invoke

sudo perl /usr/local/bin/pflogsumm -d yesterday...

And add the previous script to visudo so that www-data could run it with sudo without asking for authentication. Again, it seems it is not the "good" or the "right" way of doing it...

Suggestions?

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Why not run a cron job (as root) every morning which executes

perl /usr/local/bin/pflogsumm -d yesterday --smtpd_stats /var/log/mail/mail.log > /path/to/parsed_mail_log.txt; chown www-data.www-data /path/to/parsed_mail_log.txt

(Assuming Ubuntu - use the appropriate apache owner on the chown), and then simply execute the second part in the browser

This would be much more secure (no executing scripts from the browser - less so from the command line), faster - it can preprocess the data overnight during off-peak times rather then real time and simpler.

  • Going with this, perfect for what I indend, thank you. – rmarques Nov 29 '16 at 10:06
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Good start is to see who is the owner and group of the log files (ls -l /var/log/mail/mail.log). Having them public readable is usually not a good idea. Then check what groups is www-data in: groups www-data should tell you.

You can either

  • adjust the permissions on the file to be accessible by your user (probably not too clear)
  • adjust the user groups to access these files (existing group of the file)

Using passwordless sudo in scripts is not a good idea.

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