PHP may run in different modes of operation.
It can be console interpreter when you run it from command prompt, or it can run as CGI, also can run as a service -
php-fpm, it can run as apache's module or it can be a web server itself.
The simplest way to run your php scripts in browser it use its embedded web server.
php -S ip.ip.ip.ip:port -t /path/to/directory/where/php/files/lives
ip.ip.ip.ip with IP address assigned to Raspberry Pi (get it from
ifconfig) and substitute
port with port you want embedded server will listen for connection (let it be 8000). If you point your browser to
http://ip.ip.ip.ip:port/your-script.php you will get what you want without need to run apache at all.
If you still want to run php via apache, you need to figure out how did you install it.
Steps to check if php should run as apache module:
apache2ctl -M and look if php module loaded. If it isn't there then you need to enable it
sudo a2enmod phpX (where X is php version) and reload
apache with command:
sudo service apache2 reload.
Steps to check if php should run as php-fpm service:
If you install php as
php-fpm service then you need to check if it is running :
ps aux | grep 'php-fpm'
If it running then you need configure your apache instance to work as proxy. Use official apache documentation to set it up. It is more complicated setup to compare with a case when php runs as apache module but it has many advantages that usually need in production environment.
Steps to check if php should run as
php-cgi (in this mode php called by apache every time when someone request php file ):
Check apache's config file(s) for the presence following settings:
ScriptAlias /local-bin /usr/bin
AddHandler application/x-httpd-php5 php
Action application/x-httpd-php5 /local-bin/php-cgi