I'm running Xfce on Debian. The menu labels in many windows look crowded and some dialogue controls are missing. The work-around I have found (I cannot remember how) is to prefix a application's start-up command with
For example, let's say I would like to adjust the volume. In the top-right of the desktop, next to the clock is an icon that looks like a speaker.
Click on that icon and a menu drops down. Move the mouse pointer up and down over the menu items and already something looks peculiar. Each menu-item has to the left of it (ie, between the left-most edge of the menu and the left-most letter in the menu-item's label) some grey space. You might say the menu items are indented. Hover the mouse pointer over a menu-item and that grey space to the left it becomes . . . brighter.
Click on one of the menu-items, Audio mixer...
A window opens, all grey with Volume Control in the title bar. This window, too, looks odd. Starting from the left, across the top, are a string of letters
PlaybackRecordingOutput DevicesInput DevicesConfiguration
Lower down, seemingly floating in space, the word Advanced. Hover your mouse pointer over the word Advanced and its background becomes brighter. Click on it and a row of words appears below.
See the problem? I didn't at first.
Now apply the work-around.
Close the window by clicking the X at the far-right end of the title bar, open a command prompt and enter
A window opens, the same size as the other and also with Volume Control in the title bar. But this not grey. It's almost entirely white. Across the top is not a string letters but a row of tabs the labels of which are separated by significant amount of space.
Playback Recording Output Devices Input Devices Confiugration
The word Advanced is there as before, but now with a little triangle to the left of it, pointing at it. Click on the word and the triangle turns and points downwards.
So instead of clicking on the volume icon, I must instead always use this
I have tried changing the style. Ie, Applications in the top-left of the desktop > Settings > Settings Manager > Appearance.
A window with four tabs opens: Style, Icons, Fonts, Settings, I've tried all the different styles. Each gives me different colours in the title bars and the like. None renders the menu- or tab-labels properly as does the
Another example is vinagre. I am left to do a lot of guessing as to where to click if I run just
or open it from Applications > Internet > Remote Desktop Viewer
but if I run it with
all kinds of hitherto invisible buttons appear.
Upon exiting, though, I notice in the command prompt a bunch of innocuous warnings such as
(vinagre:6118): Gtk-WARNING **: Theme parsing error: :6:27: The style property GtkWidget:focus-padding is deprecated and shouldn't be used anymore. It will be removed in a future version
(vinagre:6118): Gtk-WARNING **: Drawing a gadget with negative dimensions. Did you forget to allocate a size? (node box owner ViewAutoDrawer)
have appeared in the command prompt window.
I have read at //wiki.xfce.org/howto/install_new_themes that, for "GTK+ interfaces" (perhaps pavucontrol is a GTK+ interface), can can "Extract the theme in
~/.local/share/themes" I don't have a
themes directory in my
~/.local/share directory . . . is that not part of a standard Xfce installation?
Is there a way that I can specify that call programs should be run with
without having to install a new theme ?
Opening the Applications menu from the top-left corner of the desktop and selecting About Xfce reveals that I'm using version 4.12 of Xfce.