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I have a .sh script that I double-click to have it executed by git for Windows.

Now I need (imagemagick) convert from cygwin (which I have installed) and I'm calling it with its absolute path - /c/cygwin64/bin/convert.exe - but I get:

fatal error - cygheap base mismatch detected. This problem is probably due to using incompatible versions of the cygwin DLL.

Wrapping the actual convert call in a cygwin bash call, or even in a cmd.exe call, doesn't help. This is a bit strange because I sometimes use cygwin executables directly in .cmd scripts, and that always worked.

What can I do? A solution that keeps my program limited to one file would be preferred.

(I know I could probably just install Windows-native imagemagick. But then the next day I need another cygwin tool in a git-for-Win-Shellscript .. also, I'd like to understand what's happening here. And, yes, I will probably make git for Windows obsolete in my workplace, if possible)

  • Don't mix and match different products based on Cygwin. Use Cygwin git instead. – DavidPostill Feb 12 '17 at 10:08
  • Thanks for your comment. It wasn't obvious to me that git for Windows is based on cygwin. I continuously read "MinGW" .. "MSYS" etc. which doesn't sound so much like cygwin. But just for curiosity: what other products are based on cygwin? – SomeDev Feb 12 '17 at 10:45
  • And am I right that the UnxUtils / GnuWin32 Tools are Windows-native? Is it true that Microsoft is working on some sort of "Linux-like environment" in Windows (including a bash and maybe other fine things)? – SomeDev Feb 12 '17 at 10:47
  • "It wasn't obvious to me that git for Windows is based on cygwin" I'm guessing based on the dll error message. Can you check if you have multiple copes of the cygwin dll on your system? – DavidPostill Feb 12 '17 at 10:52
  • Windows 10 Anniversary Edition introduced a new feature called Windows Subsystem for Linux. It includes bash. I'm not running Windows 10 so I don't know what else it includes. – DavidPostill Feb 12 '17 at 10:53
3

fatal error - cygheap base mismatch detected.

This problem is probably due to using incompatible versions of the cygwin DLL.

This error is caused because the Git for Windows path is incompatible with Cywin.

  • They both use /bin and /usr/bin but these map to different directories (because they use different mount tables).

  • Cywin expects to find the dll in /usr/bin/cygwin1.dll (and is not found in Git for Windows)

  • When you explicitly run any Cygwin command in a Git for Windows bash shell Cygwin cannot find its dll and generates the error message above.

  • Notice below that the mount mapping for / is different.

Git for Windows:

DavidPostill@Hal MINGW64 ~
$ mount
C:/temp on /tmp type ntfs (binary,noacl,posix=0,usertemp)
C:/apps/Git on / type ntfs (binary,noacl,auto)
C:/apps/Git/usr/bin on /bin type ntfs (binary,noacl,auto)
C: on /c type ntfs (binary,noacl,posix=0,user,noumount,auto)
E: on /e type vfat (binary,noacl,posix=0,user,noumount,auto)
F: on /f type ntfs (binary,noacl,posix=0,user,noumount,auto)

DavidPostill@Hal MINGW64 ~
$ which cygwin1.dll
which: no cygwin1.dll in (/c/Users/DavidPostill/bin:/mingw64/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/mingw64/bin:/usr/bin:/c/Users/DavidPostill/bin:/c/Windows/system32:/c/Windows:/c/Windows/System32/Wbem:/c/Windows/System32/WindowsPowerShell/v1.0:/c/apps/WSCC/Sysinternals Suite:/c/apps/WSCC/NirSoft Utilities:/c/apps/Calibre:/cmd:/mingw64/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/bin/vendor_perl:/usr/bin/core_perl)

DavidPostill@Hal MINGW64 ~
$ /c/cygwin/bin/man
      1 [main] man (608) C:\cygwin\bin\man.exe: *** fatal error - cygheap base mismatch detected - 0x180301408/0x180304408.
This problem is probably due to using incompatible versions of the cygwin DLL.
Search for cygwin1.dll using the Windows Start->Find/Search facility
and delete all but the most recent version.  The most recent version *should*
reside in x:\cygwin\bin, where 'x' is the drive on which you have
installed the cygwin distribution.  Rebooting is also suggested if you
are unable to find another cygwin DLL.
Segmentation fault

Cygwin:

$ mount
C:/cygwin/bin on /usr/bin type ntfs (binary,auto)
C:/cygwin/lib on /usr/lib type ntfs (binary,auto)
C:/cygwin on / type ntfs (binary,auto)
C: on /c type ntfs (binary,posix=0,user,noumount,auto)
E: on /e type vfat (binary,posix=0,user,noumount,auto)
F: on /f type ntfs (binary,posix=0,user,noumount,auto)
$ which cygwin1.dll
/usr/bin/cygwin1.dll
$ /c/cygwin/bin/man
What manual page do you want?

There is no solution, other than don't mix and match cygwin derived utilities. Pick one and stick with it.

  • 1
    Thanks for the explanation. How about a solution? – Jim G. Mar 15 '18 at 8:28
  • 2
    @JimG. There isn't one, other than don't mix and match cygwin derived utilities. Pick one and stick with it. – DavidPostill Mar 15 '18 at 8:40
  • Not helpful as there are no pointers to help with a solution. This is occuring for many people who don't have the knowledge to work out what caused it. – Julian Knight Dec 2 '18 at 16:44
  • @JulianKnight See my previous comment. I've updated the answer. – DavidPostill Dec 2 '18 at 16:51
  • Unfortunately, I am now getting this with everything associated with git. I've installed new versions but I'm not using cygwin explicitly, just git. I can't even start the git cmd line. So I can't track down what is causing the issue and fix it. Still working through this to see if it helps: github.com/desktop/desktop/issues/3096 – Julian Knight Dec 2 '18 at 17:27

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