When I am trying to execute a file(name.sh) in the command line by the command ./name.sh , I am getting the error that:
"." is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable or batch file
please help me execute the .sh file
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You're on Windows CMD.EXE (from the error message). It uses a different syntax to execute commands. You'll need to use
sh name.sh, assuming that you've got Cygwin or similar installed.
To clarify, Windows does not have a built-in utility to support .sh files. To run such, you'll need to install a third-party tool such as Cygwin.
Download and install .git for Windows
Right click desktop and say "git bash here"
Execute your script like in unix
Caution: Many commands won’t work on windows! But still, a lot of the basic stuff will work.
If you need that script regularly you may want to create a shortcut (on your desktop e.g.):
Create a Shortcut to
mintty.exe on your desktop
Edit properties of the shortcut and change the target (keep the path):
C:\Program Files\Git\usr\bin\mintty.exe" -h always /bin/bash -l -e 'D:\folder\script.sh'
You are trying to run a Linux command at the Windows Command Prompt.
On Linux the forward slash is a path separater. On Windows the backslash is a path separator and the forward slash generally indicates an argument.
Therefore, Windows thinks you are trying to run a command called "." and parsing it the argument "/name.sh". The correct convention would be ".\name.sh". Additionally Windows will automatically search the current directory for your command so you could just type "name.sh".
The next problem you will face is that Windows does not know what a sh script is, again this is a Linux thing. You could solve this by installing Cygwin if you really want or need to run a sh script.
However, judging by one of your previous comments you could just as well rename the script to name.bat and delete the "#!/bin/sh" line. Now you have a Batch file which Windows should understand. You can read more about batch files here.
You're trying to run your car on orange juice instead of gasoline. Windows shares similar commands stored in .bat or .cmd files with Unix/Linux/zOS Unix Subsystem/*ix shell scripts as these two families of operating systems share a common ancestor the DEC PDP-x machines.
If you want instant gratification, you will need to install an environment that provides a "sh.exe" program or "csh.exe" or "bash.exe" program (tsh.exe anyone?)
Alternatively, if you know Unix script commands, very well, and you know Windows .cmd and .bat file commands, very well, you can translate the .sh file into a .bat or .cmd file. Even so, you will often encounter more Unix-styled programs that have no equivalent under Windows--grep, sed, vi, emacs, etc. Thus, the call to install CygWin (no minimalist)--just to get the shell and Unix tools. Put it on a flash-drive, for these special occasions.
Someone said something about MS-DOS using
/ for commands and
\ for paths. This is slightly misleading. Look at my example:
Has no difference in effect. Yes, it is not true for all operations – the actual answer is simply No, or without Cygwin or SSHD you can't.
I only know because I stupidly spent half a day trying to figure out what
if then fi and
exec do with
-Djava.something when called.
Use Github for Windows. It contains all the Unix environment executables.
This is an old thread but for those running Windows 10. Just open windows features from the control panel 'Turn Windows Features on or Off'
Choose the feature 'Windows Subsystem for Linux'. After installing, you have 'Bash' and you even can configure native Linux servers within bash. And of course, the sh command, within bash, works too.
I found a different and easy solution, called UnixUtil.
Download and unzip it to C: drive. Set the environment variable
path to include
This is important. DO NOT set path to
For completeness I want to mention a new “Windows Subsystem for Linux” feature for Windows 10. The details are described in http://www.howtogeek.com/249966/how-to-install-and-use-the-linux-bash-shell-on-windows-10/
Note, that it requires activate the “Developer Mode” switch and enable the “Windows Subsystem for Linux (Beta)” option.
For myself I found that Git for Windows installation (that I am using anyway) is sufficient.
It's possible that the problem is actually within the file
name.sh -- you are trying to use the
. command but it is attempting to run a kind of shell (e.g.,
csh, I think) in which that's not a valid command.
name.sh start with the correct
#!/bin/sh (if you are actually trying to run
ok, there's a LOT wrong with that - drop the #!/bin/sh, and change the extention to bat, and it might work with a few more fixes. Then you can just invoke it by its filename as well.
The syntax of a unix shell script, and a windows batch file arn't too similar. cygwin, or a load of messing around with unxutils might make something that would work in both, but unless you're ABSOLUTELY sure the environment is always the same, it isn't worth the headache
If you have a Linux box in your home (or work) and plugged to the same network, and this network is safe, this might do the trick:
Although the existing answers here were correct at the time, Windows 10 does now optionally include a modified version of Ubuntu running a full bash shell.
Once made executable, scripts can be run in the usual way from within bash, eg:
chmod +x myscript.sh ./myscript.sh
If you want to run a script directly from the Windows you could create a shortcut in the same directory and set the 'Target' to something like:
C:\Windows\System32\bash.exe -c "./myscript.sh"
If the path of your script is relative to the location of the shortcut (like the example above) ensure the 'Start in' field is also blank.